Inflammation of any lymph nodes, especially if it is accompanied by the formation of pus, is called lymphadenitis. Most often, problems develop due to the action of painful microorganisms, such as streptococci and staphylococci.
Causes of development
Before choosing which medication for inflammation of the lymph nodes is necessary, it is important to understand what caused the disease. Experts distinguish between specific and non-specific forms of the disease. In the first case, problems develop due to damage to the lymph nodes by pathogens of syphilis, gonorrhea, plague, tuberculosis, actinomycosis, anthrax, tularemia. The nonspecific form is provoked by staphylococci, streptococci or a pyogenous gram-negative bacterium.
Lymphadenitis can be a complication of flu, sore throat, scarlet fever, adenoiditis. Enlarged lymph nodes can also be observed in a number of infections: rubella, parotitis, diphtheria, and others.
If the disease is not accompanied by high fever, then various lotions may be prescribed to alleviate the condition of the patient. But it must be remembered that to do a warm compress when the inflammation of the lymph nodes is prohibited. Warming up can only aggravate the situation.
An important role is given to physiotherapeutic procedures. They are aimed at relieving inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be required.
Only a doctor should assess the severity of the problem and choose the most appropriate method of treatment. If the process is not yet started, then you can do without surgery. It is important to choose the right antibiotics for inflammation of the lymph nodes, provide rest to the affected organ, and conduct UHF-therapy.
A patient with lymphadenitis should be under the control of doctors. They will monitor the course of the disease and, if necessary, in time to open abscesses, cellulitis, to conduct drainage of ulcers.
If the patient turns to specialists at the beginning of the disease, surgery may not be necessary.
Selection of antibacterial drugs
Doctors know that you can get rid of the source of infection with the help of the tetracycline group. It is important to understand that it is not the lymphodenitis itself that is being treated. Therapy should be aimed at neutralizing the bacteria that led to the occurrence of the disease. You should not pull. It is on what antibiotic for inflammation of the lymph nodes will be most effective, depends on whether the infection will not walk in the body. The tool should have an effect on staphylococcus, pneumococcus, streptococcus or tuberculosis.
Most often, these antibiotics are prescribed for inflammation of the lymph nodes: Ceftriaxone, Amoxiclav, Ceftazidime, Ampicillin, Flemoxin, Amoxicillin. But do not hope for a quick relief from problems. Usually the treatment lasts from 10 to 14 days.
Application of compresses
So, some suggest using mush from an oven-baked onion and a spoon of tar. The mixture is applied to the sore spot. Also, lovers of popular recipes offer to make such a compress with the inflammation of the lymph nodes. In equal quantities are taken leaves of Hypericum, walnut, yarrow, mistletoe. They are crushed and mixed. 2 tbsp. l Such a collection is boiled in an enamel pot on low heat for 7 minutes. From the cooked broth lotions are made for the night.
Doctors may advise to use heparin ointment for inflammation of the lymph nodes or make compresses with dimexidum. These medicines produce a good anti-inflammatory effect.
Acute forms of the disease
Doctors distinguish two types of disease development. It can be acute or chronic. The first form is characterized by deterioration of health, weakness, fever. Also in parallel can develop lymphangitis – inflammation of the lymphatic vessels.
With the development of adenophlegmon there is a dense infiltration with soft foci. The state of health worsens even more. Also, this disease is fraught with complications: the appearance of foci with purulent infection, thrombophlebitis, lymphatic fistulas.
Treatment depends on the severity of the problem. If the patient goes to the hospital at the beginning of the acute phase, then the doctors are able to stop the inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck. Antibiotics in the prescribed treatment occupy a dominant place. But it is also important to provide complete rest to the patient and to perform the prescribed physiotherapy, for example, UHF-therapy.
Of course, if we are already talking about the development of purulent lymphadenitis or adenophlegmon, then opening and removing dangerous contents and subsequent drainage is indispensable.
Purulent course of chronic lymphadenitis is extremely rare. The disease is characterized by an increase and a slight soreness of the nodes, their compaction. Over time, they decrease, but this indicates the proliferation of connective tissue. Because of this, they shrink over time, which leads to lymphostasis, edema, and development of elephantiasis. Chronic lymphadenitis itself is not treated. Therapy should be aimed at eliminating the causes that led to its development.