By the phrase “legs burn with fire” is meant a strong burning sensation in the feet, referred to in medicine as Gopalan syndrome. Sometimes it can be accompanied by a feeling of heaviness, stiffness in the feet, soreness and even itching. Depending on the individual anatomical features of a person and the specific reason, this unpleasant phenomenon occurs in different ways: extremely rarely or often, with short-term or prolonged action. But basically all patients, when describing a state that torments them, agree on one thing – burning is manifested or intensified, as a rule, at night.
What causes discomfort?
The factors provoking such an annoying sensation of heat are many. Usually they are caused by certain inconveniences, for example, a long stay on the legs, wearing synthetic socks, tights, tight shoes, especially with high lift and made with the use of artificial materials. However, in addition to the relatively harmless provocateurs, there are causes of burning feet so serious that they require immediate medical intervention. Unlike factors not related to the disease, they cause fire in the feet on a regular basis and are more difficult to treat. To understand what they say constantly burning soles of the feet, it is imperative to seek the help of a specialist.
The culprits of pathological burning
Frequent, prolonged burning in the feet is not a disease, but a symptom that occurs in many pathologies, both associated with the lower limbs and not related to them. The most common causative factors are:
- mycoses (fungal infections of the feet) and onychomycosis (infection of the nail plate with a pathogenic fungus);
- peripheral neuropathy (damage to the spinal, cranial nerves);
- leg vascular diseases (varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, endarteritis obliterans);
- longitudinal / transverse flatfoot;
- metabolic abnormalities (for example, gout, vitamin B deficiency).
In pregnant women, Gopalan syndrome usually develops by the beginning of the 3rd trimester. This is due to the lethargy of the vascular muscles and the development of edema due to drastic hormonal changes. Also, the cause of burning in the legs and feet in women in the position is an increase in load due to weight gain. This factor applies to all those who are obese. As a result of blood stasis in pregnant women and people struggling with overweight, blood vessels permeability increases, toxins – stimuli of nerve endings accumulate, and, as a result, there is a feeling of irritating heat in the feet.
When is the time to see a doctor?
Do not ignore medical assistance when the legs of children, adult men and women, and elderly people are burning regularly and / or for a long time, especially when the burning sensation is accompanied by such supplements as:
1. itching, dryness, cracking of the skin, discoloration and density of the nails (which usually indicates a fungal infection of the feet);
2. swelling, cramps of the lower limbs that occur at night, chronic heaviness and fatigue (these symptoms may indicate the appearance of varicose veins);
3. intermittent claudication, numbness in the legs, crawling (signs of many diseases, including obliterating endarteritis);
4. swelling, redness, local temperature increase, pulling pain in the calves (perhaps, it is about the development of thrombophlebitis);
5. muscle weakness, tingling in one or both feet, with spreading to the central part of the body, unsteady gait (frequent symptoms of peripheral neuropathy);
6. unnatural posture, clubfoot when walking, increasing the sole of the foot in breadth or length (these phenomena, as a rule, speak of flat feet);
7. weight loss with a good appetite, constant thirst, loss of consciousness, sleep disturbance, decreased working capacity, frequent urination, painful attacks in the heart area and calf muscles (may indicate diabetes);
8. the formation of tophi (dense, tumor-like nodules), tremors in the limbs, joint pain, stiffness in movement (most likely gout has developed);
9. emotional instability, forgetfulness, insomnia, nausea, convulsive contractions of the muscles of the foot and lower leg at night, increased toxicosis in pregnant women (if the legs are burning in combination with these symptoms, then there is a high probability of lack of B vitamins).
If you find yourself even one of the phenomena from this list, it is strongly recommended to contact specialists with the goal of timely diagnosis and treatment of a particular disease.
If the provocateur for heat in the feet of the feet has become a banal allergy due to wearing clothes or shoes made on the basis of poor-quality materials, it is enough to eliminate the provoking factor. With a strong burning sensation and a pronounced manifestation of local reactions, antihistamine therapy is appropriate, for example, Flucinar, Celestoderm.
In the case when the reason why the feet are burning is a more serious pathology, all the treatment is sent to fight precisely this ailment. Thus, to cure a burning sensation in the sole and / or upper part of the foot, you can apply:
1. antimycotic drugs (Clotrimazole, Miconazole, Terbinafin, Naftifine) – against fungal diseases;
2. antioxidants (Alpha-lipoic acid), anticonvulsants – anticonvulsants (Gabapeptin), tricyclic antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Desipramine), NSAIDs (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac) – for peripheral neuropathy;
3. group B vitamins in tablets (B Complex, Tiens, B-50, Neurobion) – with B-vitamin deficiency;
4. biguanides (Adebit, Siofor), alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (Acarbose, Glucobay, Miglitol), meglitinides (Novonorm, Starlix), sulfonylurea preparations (Bucarban, Glyurenorm) – with this medicine they treat the burning of feet, caused by sugar diabetes, caused by sugar diabetes, caused by diabetes mellitus, burning with burns in the feet, caused by the sugar of sugars, UH, etc.
5. gangioblockers (Hexonium), antispasmodics (Halidor, Diprofen, No-spa), antiallergens (Tavegil, Suprastin), drugs that improve blood rheology (Nicotinic, Ascorbic acid) – are used in the treatment of endarteritis obliterans;
6. venotonics (Venarus, Glevenol, Detralex), capillary-stabilizing agents (Ascorutin), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics (Indomethacin), antihypoxants (Actovegin) – from varicose veins;
7. anticoagulants (Warfarin, Heparin), fibrinolitics (Trypsin, Urokinase, Fibrinolysin) – are used if the feet are often burning with fire because of thrombophlebitis;
8. drugs with anti-gout effect (Colchicine, Anturan), NSAIDs (Ketoprofen, Celebrex, Nise), glucocorticosteroids (Prednisolone) – they treat gout.
In the treatment of flatfoot, because of which periodically there is a burning sensation in the soles of the feet, can be used painkillers (Analgin, Nurofen), angioprotectors with anti-edema properties (Troxevasin), vitamin D in liquid form or tablets (Etalf), but the main role is given to massage, medical gymnastics, selection of orthopedic insoles and physiotherapy (phono-, electrophoresis, magnetic therapy, paraffin-ozoceritic applications).
It is rational to treat burning in the feet with folk methods, if the cause is not pathological in nature, as well as in a situation where the use of pharmaceutical products on any basis is impossible (for example, in pregnant women in a certain trimester). In the latter case, therapy is aimed at eliminating the burning sensation and prophylactic support, but not at getting rid of the ailment itself.
The most effective recipes for burning soles are:
1. bath with sea salt, chamomile, wormwood, lime blossom and calendula (course of treatment 15 procedures);
2. a compress based on ammonia and sunflower oil (to heal until the burning pain is completely gone);
3. park of legs in strong broth of willow branches (within 7 days).
When the burning in the soles is unbearable, it will help reduce its severity, and in some cases even eliminate, the following measures:
- douche for feet;
- raising the legs lying above head level;
- foot massage