The combination of low pressure and high pulse can be due to a number of reasons. In general, the medical name for such a condition in a person is called arrhythmia against hypotension. If such symptoms are identified, the patient needs to go to the hospital and visit a general practitioner, cardiologist and endocrinologist. The attending physician may recommend to undergo a specialist and a narrow profile to obtain a more complete picture. Conducting a comprehensive survey will establish the correct diagnosis and begin treatment.
What are the normal rates of pulse and pressure for adults?
Normally, with a minute measurement, the pulse rate in an adult should not be more than 75-85 beats. If these standards are exceeded by 20%, this can be a symptom of tachycardia. In the case of pressure, parameters 120/80 are considered an excellent indicator. However, the results of blood pressure measurement may be different for each person. But if the pressure has indicators of 100 mm of mercury column, then this can be considered as hypotension.
Causes of low blood pressure with high heart rate
Without visiting specialists, it is impossible to say exactly what caused the low pressure combined with high pulse. However, it is possible to identify the main reasons that can trigger the occurrence of such a state:
- Severe blood loss. For example, if a person has lost a lot of blood as a result of an accident or injury. In this situation, the pressure may decrease, and the pulse, on the contrary, to increase.
- The organism is in any kind of shock (traumatic, cardiogenic, anaphylactic). The appearance of this condition may be due to toxic effects, trauma or an allergic reaction.
- Vegetative dystonia. People who have this disease often have this symptom. In patients with VSD, in moments of crisis, severe weakness appears, the skin and mucous membranes whiten, dizziness occurs, pressure decreases and tachycardia develops.
- The use of large doses of various drugs. Some pharmacological agents can significantly affect the pressure, making it low. Also, adversely affecting blood pressure can affect the use of drugs in conjunction with alcohol.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Pregnancy. Often, women during pregnancy have low blood pressure and high pulse. This condition may be due to an increase in the volume of blood moving in the body, which may trigger the appearance of iron deficiency anemia, as well as tachycardia.
- Severe dehydration may occur as a result of prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, sunstroke, or excessive exercise.
- The initial stage of the inflammatory process.
- Heart failure, which made adjustments to the contractile function of the myocardium.
- Frequent stress. If this is what caused this state of the body, then the solution is quite simple. You need to rest as much as possible and be less nervous.
- Vitamin deficiency.
- Caffeine-free beverage consumption.
- Hypoglycemia. Low blood glucose.
- Lyme disease. Infectious disease, carriers of which are ticks.
- Decreased body temperature.
- Atherosclerosis in combination with blockage of blood vessels.
- Violation of hormonal background.
- All kinds of pathologies of the heart.
- Sinus node dysfunction.
- Abuse of alcohol and nicotine.
What medications can cause low blood pressure?
- Calcium channel blockers.
- Drugs used with high blood pressure may cause excessive reduction.
- Diuretic drugs. Such funds can reduce blood volume due to too frequent and abundant emptying of the bladder.
- Drugs used to treat depression can lower blood pressure.
- The use of alcohol and drugs.
Symptoms that accompany this condition
When the pulse is high and the pressure is lowered, the patient may experience the following sensations:
- Pain in the region of the heart muscle.
- Darkening in the eyes.
- Migraines and frequent headaches.
- Panic states: increased anxiety, nervousness, unfounded fear.
- The feeling of heaviness in the stomach and malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.
- General deterioration of health.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Distinct palpitations. Often, patients hear his rhythm so well that they can even independently calculate the frequency of beats.
If a person has such symptoms, then at home breathing exercises help to deal with this condition. To do this, you need to take the most deep breaths and hold your breath as long as possible.
In addition, light sedation can help normalize blood pressure and pulse rate: valocordin, valerian drug, motherwort tincture. Thanks to the soothing effects, these pharmacological agents will help to normalize the general condition of the body. However, these drugs are not a substitute for a full treatment, but only complement it.
Symptoms for children
In children, a high pulse rate in a tandem with low blood pressure may indicate either severe dehydration or act as a symptom of a type of cardiac arrhythmia – supraventricular tachycardia.
The child’s heart rate depends on age. For example, in newborns, tachycardia is diagnosed with 160 or more beats per minute. In this case, the baby may experience rapid breathing, it becomes sleepy and capricious. In adolescents, the excess rate is considered to be the frequency that is more than 90 beats per minute.
Danger to the body
The main danger of low pressure with a high pulse is that this condition can cause a shortage of oxygen and blood supply to the brain, as well as some internal organs. Accordingly, this will lead to problems in the functioning of the whole organism. This condition is especially dangerous for elderly people, since their blood vessels are already rather poorly maintained in tone.
In a situation where a healthy person had a similar attack unexpectedly, you need to call an ambulance. If the patient’s pulse has decreased to 30 beats per minute, then he may lose consciousness. In this situation, artificial respiration must be performed immediately.
How is the diagnosis made?
If a person feels that he has a low blood pressure and the pulse is high, then the first thing to do is to measure blood pressure. Then, you need to lie down for half an hour, and if the state does not normalize, go to the hospital.
The doctor is likely to prescribe a referral for the following examinations:
- General blood analysis. It will help to identify anemia and other diseases.
- X-ray, which allows you to see heart defects, pneumonia, gastric ulcers.
- Echocardiogram or ultrasound of the heart (necessarily with a high pulse).
Do not neglect these examinations, if this condition is often repeated.
The method of treating tachycardia on the background of hypotension is due to the exact cause of this condition. Almost all drugs that lower the pulse affect the pressure, lowering it even more. The attending physician must have considerable experience in order to select a therapy that will normalize both indicators. A person who has been diagnosed with tachycardia on the background of hypotension, should regularly measure the pulse and blood pressure, recording the data in a notebook.
Vitamin, contrast douche and breathing exercises can affect the state of the body in a positive way. The patient is advised to adhere to a certain daily routine, not to drink drinks that contain caffeine, to refrain from consuming alcohol and smoking.
In addition, you need to adhere to a special diet, if possible, eliminate factors that can be a cause for stress, walk as often as possible and follow the prescriptions of the attending physician.
In general, a condition where the pulse is high and the pressure is low may be caused by a large number of causes. That doctor must identify them. Do not delay with a visit to the hospital, because timely diagnosis can be the key to successful treatment. In addition, in this situation, any delay can be dangerous.