Hypertension is more susceptible to men, not women. About 25% of men experience illness in older people. The peculiarity of the disease is a long asymptomatic course. Hypertension slowly kills a person, so it is important to timely identify the symptoms of high blood pressure in men and take the necessary measures.
Average values of normal pressure are 120/80 values.
In people older than 45-50 years, the pressure increases due to changes in the cardiovascular system. The normal indicator in this case is considered to be BP 130 to 90.
In the age group over 65, the permissible pressure rate is 140 per 100. This indicator is not considered a pathology if the patient feels good.
As a rule, hypertensive disease for a long time is asymptomatic. Changes prior to a steady increase in blood pressure have been evolving for decades. Deterioration of health and high blood pressure in men are observed at an older age and indicate a violation of the work of the heart muscle or vascular pathologies.
The onset of hypertension is difficult to diagnose due to the absence of specific symptoms. Minor pressure fluctuations are hidden, as they often do not cause discomfort. However, the periodic increase in blood pressure leads to the development of a steady-state violation of vascular tone, which sooner or later will make itself felt a serious deterioration of health and a sudden jump in pressure. As a rule, in men who first applied to a cardiologist for high blood pressure, hypertension of grade 2 is diagnosed, as patients late notice symptoms.
Usually, for the first time, men go to a doctor with an already running stage of hypertension.
Causes of increased pressure in men
Episodes of pressure increase can periodically happen to everyone. This is not always indicative of pathology. Among the reasons for the short-term increase in blood pressure:
- physical exercise;
- abundance of salt in the diet;
- intake of caffeine in large quantities;
- alcohol intoxication.
There is no cause for concern if such episodes occur rarely, and the pressure rises no more than 15-20 points above the norm and normalizes on its own, without medication.
The exact cause of the development of hypertension has not yet been identified. It is believed that hypertension is a pathological condition that develops as a result of the action of a combination of negative factors. These include:
- unbalanced nutrition;
- regular excessive exercise;
- sedentary lifestyle and excess weight;
- alcohol abuse;
- age-related diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Pathological factors provoking the appearance of signs of increased pressure in men are atherosclerosis of the vessels and dysfunction of the thyroid gland.
When atherosclerosis in the vessels narrows the lumen, causing high pressure
In most cases, the development of hypertension is preceded by many years of a wrong lifestyle. Two serious risks to human health are smoking and stress. Nicotine slowly destroys blood vessels and leads to a violation of their permeability and increased tone. Smoking provokes structural changes in the walls of blood vessels, against the background of which a steady increase in their tone and blood pressure jumps develop. According to statistics, hypertensive patients who smoke, are twice as likely to face myocardial infarction. Every third heart attack is fatal.
Another dangerous factor is stress. The destructive effects of stress cannot be underestimated. This condition leads to dysfunction of the nervous system. The vegetative department of the nervous system is responsible for providing life support mechanisms – this is the pulse, pressure, respiration rate. Vegetative dysfunction, developing on the background of chronic stress, is always accompanied by a deviation of blood pressure.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Symptoms of high blood pressure appear, as a rule, when the norm is exceeded by more than 20 points.
For example, if the normal pressure for a man is between 120-125
With an increase in blood pressure of 10-20 points noted:
- redness of the skin;
- sensation of pulsating blood in the ears.
A slight increase in pressure in most cases is associated with the abuse of salt or caffeine. A large amount of salt in the diet leads to fluid retention, which leads to an increase in vascular tone.
Excessive passion for salty foods threatens hypertension
With rates over 160
- sense of anxiety;
- heart pain;
- lack of air;
- pressure headache;
- rapid pulse;
- facial flushing.
A sharp increase in pressure may be accompanied by nausea with vomiting or dizziness.
What is dangerous hypertension?
Short-term pressure surges caused by the action of fast-passing factors are not dangerous. Hypertension is diagnosed only when the patient’s pressure is always elevated, while there is a tendency for sharp jumps against the background of the action of any negative factors – stress, physical overstrain, a large amount of salt in the diet.
There are three stages of the disease – mild (blood pressure up to 140/100), medium (160/120) and severe (pressure over 180
The middle stage of hypertension is characterized by increased load on the cardiovascular system, the risk of target organ damage is high. In this case, one system is hit, it can be the kidneys, the brain, the heart or organs of vision.
With severe hypertension, irreversible changes occur in the vessels, target organs are affected. This form of the disease leads to disability and is dangerous for the risk of heart attack.
Among the dangerous consequences – a heart attack
How to treat hypertension?
Having noticed that the arterial pressure periodically rises, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive examination by a cardiologist. As a rule, minor fluctuations in blood pressure or first-degree hypertension are not treated with medication. Expectant tactics and lifestyle adjustment are selected. The first step is to learn how to deal with stress. Be sure to revise the diet, abandon salt and caffeine. From bad habits need to get rid of.
Starting from the second stage, when hypertension leads to an increase in pressure to 160
In hypertension of the third stage, a number of drugs are taken, including calcium channel blockers, antihypertensive drugs, magnesium preparations, diuretics. The exact scheme of treatment is chosen by the doctor and depends on the characteristics of the disease and the patient’s well-being.
After the first episode of increasing blood pressure, you need to change the diet. It is recommended to eat fruits and vegetables, cereals and dairy products. Low-fat meat is allowed, lean sea fish is very useful. Restrictions are imposed on salt intake (no more than 5 g per day), chocolate and coffee are prohibited. Alcohol should be reduced to a minimum, it is better to completely give up alcohol. Fatty foods are banned, as they increase the load on the entire body. Fat meat contributes to an increase in pressure, so it should be replaced with dietary products.
A healthy diet is a must for the normalization of pressure.
To prevent the development of the disease or its further progression will allow lifestyle changes. A man needs to:
- normalize the daily routine;
- daily exercise;
- eat balanced;
- avoid stress;
- to refuse from bad habits.
Initial hypertension is not dangerous if it is detected in time and everything possible is done to prevent the progression of the disease. Anyone who is faced with an increase in blood pressure should learn how to deal with stress, since this is the factor that provokes a persistent increase in blood pressure. Independently defeat stress will help breathing exercises, yoga, the normalization of the day. For the health of the nervous system, it is extremely important to go to bed and wake up every day at the same time. If you do not manage to remove the nervous tension, you should consult with your doctor about the appointment of sedative drugs.
Recent studies show that regular jogging at a moderate pace helps to strengthen the cardiovascular system, thereby acting as a reliable prophylactic method. It is recommended several times a week to make half-hour runs at a comfortable pace. It produces stamina and improves oxygen transport to the heart muscle.
Men, unlike women, are more prone to hypertension and less likely to go to the doctor. According to statistics, it is men who are more likely to experience myocardial infarction, which can result in death. It is important to remember that everyone’s health is in his hands, therefore, having noticed a deterioration in well-being, one should immediately consult a doctor, but not try to be treated on his own.