If a person has a number of unpleasant symptoms in the anus, this means that hemorrhoids are likely to develop.
You can try to determine hemorrhoidal bumps yourself, but it’s better not to begin their treatment without consulting a doctor.
To determine the hemorrhoidal lumps, it is necessary to roughly understand what to look for. This person can help photo hemorrhoids at various stages of its development.
Hemorrhoidal bumps at the initial stage can usually not be found, even if you carefully inspect the area of the anus. Digital rectal examination may also not give information, but it is not worth talking about photos.
At this stage, the pathology usually does not manifest itself, but there may appear a slight feeling of discomfort in the rectal area.
If it is possible to diagnose the pathology at this stage, the treatment will not take much time.
In the first stage, the bumps are most often not detected, and in the photo it is impossible to find any changes to the anus.
However, hemorrhoidal bumps are already being felt by the following set of symptoms: itchy feeling, painful bowel movements, scarlet blood in the feces.
At the second stage, a careful study of the photo or its own anus can reveal small hemorrhoidal lumps.
The main difference of the second stage from the first is the fact that the nodes begin to fall out of the rectum. True, they fall into place on their own. The initial symptoms, if not start treatment, are exacerbated.
The third stage is accompanied by the fact that hemorrhoidal bumps are clearly visible as an independent examination, and in the photo. The diameter of a single cone can reach 2-3 cm.
A characteristic feature of the pathology at this stage is that the dropped out nodes can no longer return to their original position on their own, they need to be inserted into place manually.
At this stage, the nodes become clearly visible in the photo, and usually cause a person so much inconvenience that it becomes difficult to ignore their presence, and treatment is recommended to start as soon as possible.
The fourth stage of the pathology often leads to the development of such complications as:
- thrombosis (in this case, the nodes turn blue and greatly increase in size, as can be seen even in the photo, and also cause great pain to the person);
- bleeding (often develops if the nodes are injured; it can be very strong).
Ways of deliverance
Only after a full examination, the coloproctologist can prescribe hemorrhoid treatment.
Treatment of hemorrhoids should be carried out under the close supervision of a specialist. Self-diagnostics or photo diagnostics are not allowed. This need is explained by several reasons:
- hemorrhoidal symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other pathologies of the rectum, so an accurate diagnosis is necessary;
- a person may be intolerant of a particular drug, so the treatment must be properly selected;
- pathology requires constant monitoring in order not to miss the progression of the disease and prevent the development of complications.
Treatment of hemorrhoids is selected by the doctor, based on the main symptoms of the disease, as well as its type.
For example, treatment of external hemorrhoids is best done with local remedies. Especially useful may be ointments, creams, lotions with various healing infusions.
This is due to the fact that the use of local funds allows you to deliver the drug directly to the nodes, where it can maximize its effect.
Treatment of the internal form of hemorrhoids requires the use of mainly funds in the form of suppositories or enemas.
The reason for these preferences is the same. When using candles and enemas medicinal substances as quickly as possible reach the problematic, providing a healing effect.
In addition to local agents in the treatment of hemorrhoids can be used systemic drugs in the form of tablets. Their main effect is aimed at increasing the tone of the venous vessels.
If conservative treatment has no effect, resort to the use of surgical methods for the correction of pathology.
Pathologies such as hemorrhoids are best amenable to non-invasive therapy in the early stages of their development. Patients should be attentive to their own health and not to ignore even those symptoms that seem insignificant.