Headaches when changing the weather are felt, as a rule, by people with chronic diseases of the blood vessels, heart and blood, nervous system, as well as pregnant women. The reason for this reaction is the change in oxygen pressure in air, temperature, and atmospheric pressure. Magnetic storms affect the blood system and the movement of red blood cells through vessels. Weather sensitivity is a condition in which people feel headache and dizziness, weakness, nausea, pain in the joints, places of old injuries when the weather changes.
Causes of indisposition when changing weather
Headaches (cephalgia) when weather changes occur for the following reasons:
- Oxygen starvation of the central nervous system.
- Pasting of uniform elements of blood, especially erythrocytes.
- Effect on arterial and intracranial pressure.
- The change in vascular tone.
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Why does the head ache when the weather changes? The brain is very sensitive to reducing the partial pressure of oxygen in the atmosphere. If the circulatory system is not satisfactory, the weather sensitivity of the person is aggravated, since the blood is not pumped well and delivers this element to the tissues. Hypoxia, that is, oxygen deprivation, leads to energy deficiency in the nerve cells, which is manifested by headache, irritability. The arrival of a cyclone can cause changes in blood pressure and increased intracranial pressure, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
When a magnetic storm occurs, the body’s iron-containing cells are affected. These are mainly blood cells – red blood cells. Hemoglobin and lactoferrin contain iron, which is influenced by a magnetic storm, as a result of which red blood cells can stick together in a vessel and blood clots can form. In this case, blood clots disrupt circulation, lead to dyscirculatory hypoxia, headaches. Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives, steroid hormones, aggravate meteorological dependence.
A sharp change in temperature during the day can cause headache and weakness due to the effect on vascular tone. At high temperatures, the capillaries and arteries dilate, at low temperatures they narrow. If a person has impaired functioning of the autonomic nervous system or there is an atherosclerotic process in the arteries, then the adaptation is incorrect. At the same time, headaches, dizziness, loss of consciousness are possible due to the weather.
Interesting! When the weather changes in the direction of warming in people with meteosensitivity headache occurs due to an increase in hypoxia.
The work of the heart also changes with temperature. With an expanded capillary bed, the heart needs more effort to pump blood. People with hypertension are sensitive to changes in temperature and heat. In hot weather, hypertensive patients often feel a pulsation in the crown, combined with a headache, and sometimes vomiting occurs, which does not bring relief. Sometimes a headache foreshadows an impending vascular catastrophe – ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. This disease often occurs when the weather changes.
With high air temperature increases the likelihood of migraine. A cold snap is also a stress for the vascular and nervous systems. At the same time, as a rule, atmospheric pressure also varies, which cannot but affect the activity of the cardiovascular system.
Diagnosis and treatment
With regular cephalalgia for changing weather conditions, especially in combination with hypertension, it is useful to have a blood pressure monitor at home. The headache specialist – a neuropathologist will prescribe all the necessary research. The program of examinations usually include rheoencephalography, echo and electrocardiography.
Headache from the weather: what to do? When prescribing treatment by a doctor, chronic diseases of the patient are taken into account that can lead to increased meteosensitivity in the form of headaches.
In the case of cephalgia caused by hypertension or symptomatic hypertension, pressure reducing drugs are used. With constant use of antihypertensive drugs, the dose of one of the drugs can be increased. If the pains when the weather changes are caused by essential and symptomatic hypertension, then help: beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics (furosemide, indapamide).
My head hurts when the weather changes: what to do when hypertension is complicated by the atherosclerotic process? Enrichment of nutrition with omega-3 fatty acids, vegetables and fruits is recommended. If when the weather changes, a migraine moves, help Amigrenin, Sandomigran, painkillers (Analgin, Pentalgin). Coffee helps some people with hemicrania. Provocateurs of migraine attacks, such as red wine and brandy, cheeses, seafood, it is better to exclude from the menu. For spasmodic pains in the head, vasodilators are used – Drotaverine, Papaverine.
If there are vegetative-vascular disorders, then a contrast shower, breathing exercises will be suitable for training the neurohumoral system. To improve the body’s adaptive abilities with neurocirculatory dysfunction, such drugs as ladasten, Rhodiola rosea, ginseng, lemongrass, and Leuzea will help. They help regulate vascular tone, preventing headaches.
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Osteochondrosis can be the cause of meteosensitivity and hypoxia of the brain. If cephalgia is caused by this disease, then effective methods such as manual massage, the use of an applicator Kuznetsov. Physiotherapy and spa treatments are also recommended.
If the headache on the weather hurts, what to do in case of a sudden attack of meteorological dependence, when headaches lead to nausea and vomiting? To eliminate these symptoms use prokinetics: Passagex, Motilium, Zerukal. It is also necessary to remove the cause of nausea – hypertension or migraine. Sleep is the best cure for weakness.
If you are worried about headaches when changing the weather, the treatment is prescribed by a neurologist. In the presence of cardiovascular pathology leading to cephalgia, therapy is prescribed by a cardiologist.