A headache and nausea are not a disease, but symptoms that indicate a multitude of causes, among which there may be such that are explained by physiological changes in the body, for example, pregnancy. However, when the head hurts and vomits intensely, there are other symptoms, there are quite serious diseases that require the help of a doctor.
Nausea is usually the result of a headache. Headache can occur with such diseases and physiological conditions: •
- Influenza, viral infection;
- Menstrual cycle;
- Pregnancy (toxicosis);
- Pathological diseases of the vascular system;
- Brain tumor;
- Ear inflammations;
- Ophthalmic diseases;
- Stress, overwork;
- Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
- Gastrointestinal diseases;
- Intoxication – food or drug;
- Head injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage;
- Headache and nausea associated with muscle tension (tension headache – HDN);
- Oxygen starvation;
- Endocrine pathologies;
- Pain shock;
- Diseases of the internal organs.
Headache and nausea – these feelings can vary in severity and duration depending on the root cause. In order to independently determine the nature of a headache, you need to understand what it is in principle.
Headache, which causes not only nausea, but also other symptoms, is called cephalgia in medical practice. Pain can be localized in any area of the head, but can also spread up and down to the cervical vertebrae. Cephalgia is an irritation of many pain receptors that fill the skin of the head, cellulose under the skin, tendons, and intracranial vessels – small and large. As a rule, cephalalgia is an irritation of the facial receptors, and not of the internal ones.
Headache and nausea, how can you help, how to treat these symptoms
Neuropathologists strongly advise for headaches that last more than a day to immediately seek medical help, and it is even more advisable to do this after 12 hours, in cases when cephalalgia and nausea are not relieved by home methods. Also dangerous are the symptoms accompanying a headache, such as blood pressure surges, a sharp decrease. Before the arrival of the doctor or the arrival of the ambulance, you can drink strong tea with sugar and lemon during cephalgia with a decrease in pressure. If the headache appears hypertensive symptoms, you should take a hypotensive drug to prevent a crisis.
If the head hurts and is sick because of a banal overwork or as a result of a stressful situation, then the recommendations are simple. Full sleep, with severe pain in the head – an anesthetic (but-shpa, ibuprofen, spazmalgon), massage the neck area, which can be done independently, excluding sound, color and other sensory and informational stimuli. If your head hurts and feels sick for more than two or three days, you should consult a doctor, as these signs may be a signal of a more serious somatic problem.
Headache, accompanied by persistent nausea, in the presence of already diagnosed problems of the digestive system is eliminated by taking medications for the treatment of the stomach or intestines. By neutralizing the original cause, medications help relieve nausea and pain in the head.
It should be remembered that cephalalgia with nausea can be a symptom of a health and life-threatening disease. If the discomfort is prolonged, their intensity increases during the day and cannot be eliminated with the help of home remedies, you need to call an ambulance so as not to miss the onset of brain hemorrhage and other serious conditions.
The head hurts and nauseous, as the diagnosis differentiates.
Anamnestic information includes the following components:
- How often, how often does headache and nausea occur;
- At what time of day cephalalgia and nausea manifest;
- How long the headache lasts, nausea – paroxysmally, constantly, on the rise;
- Where cephalgia is located (one-sided pain, enveloping pain, double-sided pain);
- The severity, intensity of cephalgia, nausea;
- Are there any objective causes of cephalgia – injuries, infections, hypertension or hypotension;
- Are there associated emotional states – depression, anxiety, fears;
- There are associated sensory symptoms – the fear of light, sound irritability;
- How can you manage a headache and relieve nausea at home?
- Family, hereditary diseases.
When the head aches and nausea, you need to visit not only a neuropathologist, but also an ophthalmologist (oculist), an otolaryngologist, possibly an orthopedist, a gastroenterologist and a psychiatrist, less often a dentist.
As a rule, computed tomography or MRI, dopplerography of cerebral vessels, echoencephaloscopy (for suspected epilepsy) are routinely included in the examination complex. Also need a radiograph of the skull, spinal column.
Who to contact?
Head hurts and nauseous: folk means
Herbal medicine and remedies, habitually called folk, are not the main therapeutic measures, they only help to reduce the intensity of unpleasant sensations. Among the most effective we can recommend the following:
- Broth berries and blossoms elderberry. Two teaspoons of the mixture is brewed in a glass of boiling water, insist no more than 15 minutes, drink a quarter of a glass before a meal during the day. A course of at least two weeks.
- Hypericum decoction is an excellent remedy not only for headaches and nausea, but also as an anti-stress method. St. John’s wort is not advisable to take men, because the plant contains substances that reduce the level of male hormones Infusion is prepared similarly to the infusion of elderberry. Take the broth Hypericum should be longer, at least 21 days.
- It has long been known and proven by many means – decoction of oregano. Dushitsu, except that you can take purposefully to relieve headache symptoms, you can add to regular tea – black or green. The broth is prepared as follows: a tablespoon of dry grass is poured with a liter of boiling water, infused for 45 minutes, or boiled over very slow fire for 10-15 minutes. Take the broth to two or three weeks for half a cup twice a day, regardless of the meal. Oregano is contraindicated for women who are expecting a baby and those who are breastfeeding a baby.
- Tea with mint, mint decoction, small pads – sachets with dry mint grass under the pillow – all these options will help relieve nausea. As a headache prevention, mint is not very effective, rather, it causes a sedative. Mint can not be taken more than a week, after a weekly course you should take a break. To reduce the headache, valerian root is more effective; it is brewed in a proportion of 25 milligrams per half liter of boiling water, or in the form of tablets, pharmaceutical tincture.
The headache and nausea are most often transient symptoms that can be prevented by following a normal diet, physical activity and emotional stability. In all other, alarming cases, you should not risk your health, increasing pain and persistent nausea require the help of a doctor.
Headache and nausea, what are the etiological causes of these symptoms?
As a rule, headache is associated with vascular etiology, pain is caused by expansion (dilation) or spasm of the arteries. The specifics of the pain and the disease itself depend on where the arteries are located inside the skull or outside under the skin. Spasmodic intracranial vessels are usually migraine, accompanied by nausea, a change in the state of extracranial arteries is arterial hypertension and a more serious pathology is cerebrovascular, which often ends with a stroke.
Also, cephalalgia, accompanied by nausea, can develop as a result of severe irritation, damage to the brain connective tissues – meninges, and provoke meningitis or hemorrhage of the subarachnoid (abdominal) nature.
The headache and nausea – these symptoms may occur due to changes in viscosity, blood density. Acute venous thrombosis (too many platelets, increased blood density) or vice versa thrombocytes (decreased platelet count and blood thinning) can cause pain, and then nausea.
Also, headache with nausea is either a precursor or a consequence of inflammation of the trigeminal, occipital nerves.
A headache with a feeling of nausea is a typical sign of the effects of traumatic brain injury. Concussion (concussion) of the brain is often accompanied by long-term effects, which sometimes manifest themselves after many months. Even a mild concussion can cause delayed cephalgia with nausea, which is called post-commotion syndrome. Signs of this syndrome are manifested in a squeezing headache, similar to tension headache, vertigo (dizziness) and nausea are often observed.
Almost all infectious diseases are accompanied by fever, in which complaints of headache and nausea are not uncommon.
Various ophthalmic diseases such as myopia (myopia), hyperopia (hyperopia), glaucoma can be accompanied by headache and nausea.
Sinusitis, rhinitis, sinusitis and other nasal problems often have consequences in the form of cephalgia, which is primarily due to oxygen starvation of the brain.
Cephalgia and nausea may have a psychogenic etiology that has recently been encountered in clinical practice. Chronic headache, recurrent nausea and laryngeal spasm may indicate a hidden course of depressive state. Also common to HDN are tension headaches, which are caused by emotional or intellectual overstrain. The muscle tissue of the scalp is usually spasmed.
Any headache that does not resemble during the day and is accompanied by nausea needs medical supervision. Even if you can remove these symptoms with your own means and means, you need to find time and visit a neurologist who will conduct an examination and write out preventive or symptomatic treatment. If cephalgia with nausea lasts more than two days, you can not hesitate, you must see a doctor, so as not to miss the precious time.