Plantar warts, or spinules – is a type of warts that occurs on the soles of the feet and on the palms. The reason is the HPV virus. Of all skin warts, it is found in 30%. They are most often removed. Removal from a dermatologist is the fastest method of treatment. Self-healing is observed in 30% of cases in the first 3 months. Information for physicians – ICD-10 code: B07.
- verruca plantaris (Latin medical name),
- spike (from the word thorn),
- horn wart (from the word horn).
Reasons or causesA?
The only reason is human papillomavirus, abbreviated (HPV – read all about this virus). WARNING: parasites in the intestines are not the cause of warts! (see exposure from Elena Malysheva).
Infection Scheme: the man scratched his skin. The virus penetrates the skin. Integrates into skin cell genes. And the cell becomes ugly, becoming like a tumor cell. Many of these cells look like a wart.
Attention: Some types of human papillomavirus can cause dysplasia and cervical cancer (read a detailed article about cervical dysplasia).
Infected! When did this happen?
Infection with a type of HPV that causes warts occurs in childhood. Almost all children are infected with this virus – in kindergartens, in schools, in public places. But not everyone gets sick – it all depends on immunity.
In childhood warts appear for the first time. Then the adult’s immune system copes with this virus. Therefore, in adults, warts on the skin are rare. And if the adult has spines, it indicates a decrease in the activity of the immune system. Read more about the functioning of the immune system.
Entrance gates for the virus are injuries to the soles of the feet and palms: scratches, cuts, abrasions and calluses.
Provocative factors – excessive sweating of the feet and wearing tight shoes, stress.
Symptoms and manifestations
Main manifestation: dense rounded education on the palm or sole of the foot.
Main symptom: pain when walking and itching in the area of the wart.
- a small callus appears on the skin,
- it itches a little,
- when walking a little pain.
In 2-4 weeks
- a rough surface appears in the center,
- often black dots in the center
- along the edges there is a small roller of keratinized skin.
- Why do spines appear on the palm and sole? Because the skin here is especially dense (unlike other parts of the body). And this type of HPV virus affects just such a skin.
- Why does it hurt when walking? Because plantar wart grows inward. When walking, body weight pushes the wart and it squeezes the pain receptors.
- Why is itchy skin? Because ugly cells grow and put pressure on adjacent skin receptors, which leads to itching.
- Why black dots? This is the result of blockage of blood vessels in the thickness of the wart on the foot or on the palm.
Dimensions – 3 -10 mm. At the same time, the pathological formation rises only 1-2 mm above the surface of the skin, because it grows inward and in breadth.
Nearby may appear child warts. They merge with the maternal and form a painful conglomerate. This is a clear indicator of reduced immunity. And this often requires medical treatment.
Yellow color – the surface of the skin.Violet – virus-infected cells grow, forming the body of the spike.
Treatment in the hospital and at home
In 90% of people, the wart on the foot or palm passes without treatment at an early stage, while in 30% of cases in the first 3 months. The immune system suppresses the virus and heals the skin. Self-healing time depends on the process stage: from 2 weeks up to 1.5 years.
When do I need to treat the nails?
When the body itself does not cope with the disease, and it needs help:
- if it hurts a lot
- if it interferes with walking,
- if it has grown to a large size,
- if a child appears next to it.
How and what to treat?
Removal – a method of treatment, successful in 98% of patients.
1) Removal with drugs
For these purposes, local necrosisers are used.
- Solkoderm (detailed article about this drug – link),
- Wartox (read more detail – link),
- duofilm (instruction)
- Collomac (instruction)
- super clean
- Verrukatsid, or Faresol (read instructions) – acts softer, efficiency is good,
- Lapis (read about lapis pens) is effective for long-term use.
They contain acids or alkalis. Removal of plantar warts (prickles) occurs through a chemical burn of the skin. The wart is dying off. And on this place remains barely noticeable scar.
Treatment time: 1 – 5 weeks (an average of 14-20 days).
To prepare for the procedure on the wart, you can glue the salopod corn plaster (2 days), or cut off the spike with a nail scissors.
2) Instrumental removal.
but) Soft laser. (read more) Your wart will evaporate under the action of the laser. In this place you will have a deep wound. The wound will heal in 10-14 days.
Here is a video of wart removal by laser:
But the reader reviews: link
b) A liquid nitrogen. (details about this method) Deep tissue freezing occurs. A bubble forms. It will be boooolno and then it still hurts !! Heals 14 days.
Here is a video of the cryodestruction of the wart on the foot with liquid nitrogen:
Here are the reader reviews: feedback 1 and feedback 2
at) Radio wave radiation (apparatus Surgitron and others). (read more) The same effect as from a laser – the evaporation of tissues. And it will remain from the wart only deepening-wound.
Here’s a video of the removal of the plantar wart radio wave with a loopback tip (view from 40 seconds):
Here’s a reader review: link
d) Surgical removal of the wart with a scalpel. Produced under local anesthesia. Stitched seams. It is used very rarely, as a laser or radio wave is much more convenient, simpler and less traumatic.
d) Electrocoagulation. The wart is burned out with an electrocoagulator. This is the same scalpel, only electric. In large clinics now rarely used.
Here is a video of spine force removal using electrocoagulation:
And here is the review of our reader: link
3) Treatment of hard-to-remove warts.
In some cases, the removal does not lead to a cure for warts – they appear again and again. What to do in such cases?
- It is necessary to identify the reason for the reduction of skin immunity in this place. It is possible that excessive sweating of the legs, wearing rubber or tight shoes, impaired blood flow in the limbs, common diseases such as diabetes, HIV and others may be the cause.
- Focal immune therapy. The doctor conducts injections of immune drugs under the skin. For example, interferon injections subcutaneously with a course of 7 days. Such injections contribute to the enhancement of the immune response in the skin and reverse the development of the spike. Another method of focal immunotherapy is treatment with Imiquimod-based creams (trade names are Aldara cream, Keraworth), Panavir gel treatment or Epigen-spray.
- General immune therapy. Appointed rarely, with persistent course of the disease, with multiple spines on both limbs. You can use immune drugs: Allokin-alpha, izoprinosin.
Folk methods – can I start with them?
Nontraditional methods of treatment are ineffective. Dermatologists recommend removal for a quick recovery.
Garlic kills viruses.
- Wart steamed in hot water and partially cut off with nail scissors. At the same time cut skin roller. Partially cut off the wart tissue itself. If blood vessels of a wart bleed, it is not terrible.
- Cut the plastic from garlic and placed on the wart.
- Attach the adhesive plaster.
Leave so for the night. In the morning we repeat. If you do not want to smell garlic at work – postpone the procedure until the evening.
And so every day for a week or two.
The wart goes away after 3-4 weeks.
2) Treatment of fresh celandine juice (grass)
Celandine juice kills viruses.
4-6 times a day we grease with fresh orange juice of celandine. You can cut it a little.
The wart disappears in 1-2 months.
3) Lacquer and scotch method
This method is suggested by the site reader: link
four) Method with glue BF6 (reader reviews)
five) Method with dry manganese (reviews and recipes of readers)
Prevention is the foundation
- Wearing loose shoes.
- Treatment of excessive sweating feet.
- Handling injuries, scratches and cuts feet.
- A healthy lifestyle and strengthening immunity is the prevention of viral diseases, including the HPV virus. Detailed material on how to strengthen the immune system – here
I also recommend reading these materials:
Attention: if the doctor did not answer your question, then the answer is already on the pages of the site. Use the search on the site.
I’ll tell you my story.
I was helped by glue bf and papillek.
It all started last summer – heel began to ache (in the center). I thought that a splinter … I forgot about her, but she worried more and more. When it began to hurt, I began to read that it could be – natoptysh, spur and the most offensive that I got on this site and read about the wart, but at that moment I could not have thought that I had a plantar wart. In general, I used different means from natoptysh, mazol and as a result, the same nonsense appeared on the finger. Then I realized (it was spring) that it was contagious and went to the hospital, where I was told that it was a wart and sent for removal with nitrogen. After reading about this procedure, I somehow did not want to do it, especially since nobody guarantees the result, and I had to remove 3 pieces on my hand and 10 pieces on my heel …
I decided to first try the methods listed here. Feresol – the smell is terrible. Immediately refused it. I do not remember where I found the drug, called Papillek. Produced in Ukraine. The drug actually works, almost no smell. Acts more gently than Super Cleaner
It’s July 18th. I forgot what it is when the heel does not hurt. I normally go. On the arm everything went — used by Papillek — one went right away. Two had to be applied again after 2 weeks. The hardest thing was to bring near the nail, I thought that would not work, but now the pain was already there. Heel does not hurt. For 3 weeks BF glue really helped. Keeps well, after a shower put a new layer or deleted old and put new. Scotch did not use – just glue and sock. The heel looks much better – more healthy skin. The warts have darkened (under the skin) and are at least visible. One fell out.
To guarantee the heel additionally used Papillek. I continue to smear glue.
Yes, another month drank fish oil. The dermatologist prescribed Novirin (Inosine pranobex – 500 mg), but so far I have decided not to drink it.
Conclusion: if I immediately began to look for the cause and would know that this is a wart, then I would have brought it out with glue a long time ago and would not have suffered more than half a year.
Do not rush to remove the laser and nitrogen – try the popular methods.
I didn’t believe in the beginning either, and from all the methods my head ached, which one to choose, but in the end I realized that for the heel the BF glue is the most convenient option. I remember watching the video with some kind of transmission about warts – how they made fun of varnish and glue … and recommended removal only with a laser or nitrogen. I even doubted at that moment, but decided to try … and I do not regret.
Sorry, that a lot of text, but I wanted to share. It turned out that not everything is so scary. We must try and find something that will help. Yes, the glue for the month is gone
Thank you all for the advice, I hope, and my experience will help someone.