The formation of gas in the intestine is a normal physiological process. However, in some cases, its production begins to exceed the norm, delivering a large amount of trouble. In such cases, flatulence in the intestines requires treatment.
Treatment of gas formation in the intestines is not only an urgent medical problem. People suffering from this problem experience significant discomfort in society, primarily due to the release of a large number of unpleasant-smelling gases. Therefore, the treatment of gas formation in the intestines is also a socially important issue.
Treatment of gas in the intestines with diet and regimen
Diet – the main element of the treatment of gas in the intestines. It is known that a number of products contain poorly digestible components, which are fermented by intestinal bacteria with the release of large amounts of gases. In this regard, the treatment of gas in the intestine should avoid eating legumes (beans, peas, lentils) due to the content of poorly digestible proteins, products with coarse fiber and extractive substances (cabbage radish, gooseberry, kiwi, apples, onions, garlic , radish). Products such as kvass, beer, raisins and black bread can stimulate the fermentation processes in the intestines, so they should also be abandoned. In addition, the consumption of foods containing heavily digestible proteins (pork, mushrooms, goose) is limited, as they may be subject to rotting in the intestines. It is not recommended to abuse easily digestible carbohydrates: sugar, cakes, pastries, cakes. Avoid carbonated and alcoholic beverages. Chewing gum contributes to the ingestion of large amounts of air, therefore, its use is also desirable to refuse.
Of the recommended products should be distinguished millet and buckwheat porridge. Products better steamed, stew or boil. Whole milk should be discarded in favor of fermented milk products. When choosing bakery products, it is worthwhile to dwell on wholemeal bread, while it is better to eat yesterday’s pastries.
The correct regimen can also help in the treatment of flatulence in the intestines. Most of the recommendations for the diet. The number of meals per day should be increased. For adults and older children, the dietary frequency should be 5-6 times a day. For breakfast it is recommended to eat food from cereals. Food should be chewed thoroughly; it should be calm and unhurried. Talking and smoking while eating can not be, because it contributes to the swallowing of air and an increase in intestinal gases. Babies should be given smaller amounts of milk in more approaches, and greedy sucking should also be prevented.
Drug treatment of gas formation in the intestines
Lack of digestive enzymes and impaired excretion of bile is one of the frequent causes of flatulence. Undigested food particles are decomposed by intestinal microflora with the release of gas. Therefore, enzyme preparations that contribute to the improvement of digestion are widely used in the treatment of gas formation in the intestine.
Choleretic drugs also normalize the digestion of food, improve bowel movement.
Normalization of the intestinal microflora composition is also often a part of the treatment of increased gas formation in the intestine, since changes in the bacterial composition lead to an increase in gas production. There are two main types of drugs used for this purpose: probiotics and prebiotics. The former contain directly beneficial microorganisms, and the latter are substances that promote the development of beneficial bacteria.
Slowing the movement of food through the intestines stimulates the formation of gases, because in this case the bacteria have more time to decompose food. To speed up the passage of the food bolus, a special group of drugs is used – prokinetics. Flatulence is also often accompanied by spasms of the intestines, which gives a lot of discomfort suffering from gas formation in the intestines. For the treatment of spasms, antispasmodics are used, such as drotaverin.
The action of the adsorbent is in the absorption and removal of excess gas. In addition to well-known activated carbon, this group includes preparations based on lignin and diosmectite. However, their use can lead to constipation, in addition, they can absorb useful nutrients, disrupt the composition of intestinal microflora. For these reasons, they are not suitable for long-term use.
Gases in the intestine are predominantly in the form of foam mixed with mucus. The rupture of the bubbles of this foam contributes to a more rapid discharge of gases. This effect has the so-called carminative preparations based on simethicone.
Treatment of increased gas formation in the intestine with medicinal plants
Medicinal plants are traditionally used in the treatment of flatulence in the intestines. For this purpose, used parsley seeds, dill seeds, dandelion root, chamomile pharmacy, peppermint, sweet clover, caraway fruit, wormwood, devysil and many others. The following are examples of fees recommended by traditional medicine:
- Rowan fruits, mint leaves, dill seeds, valerian root in the ratio 4: 3: 3: 2. A tablespoon of raw material is poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for up to an hour, take 100 ml 2 times a day.
- In equal quantities are taken the grass of Hypericum, yarrow and marsh forage. Three tablespoons poured over a liter of boiling water, insist 2 hours. Take half a cup 4-5 times a day.
- Peppermint, valerian root and fennel fruit are taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Two teaspoons poured a glass of boiling water, infused for 20 minutes. Drink 100 ml in the morning and evening.
The effect of a large number of medicinal plants is scientifically confirmed and is used when creating herbal preparations. An effective treatment for gas formation in the intestines is the German drug Iberogast, containing bitter extracts of Iberian, angelica root, chamomile flowers, caraway seeds, milk thistle fruits, peppermint leaves and peppermint, celandine herb, licorice root. It acts on various parts of the formation of gases, improving digestion, speeding up the passage of food through the intestines, providing anti-inflammatory effect and reducing the processes of decay in the intestines. The uniqueness of the drug is a complex effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Iberogast is able to act not only directly on the mechanisms of gas formation, but also on the diseases that provoke it: peptic ulcer and gastritis. Thus, the drug combines the basic qualities necessary for the treatment of flatulence and other diseases of the digestive system.
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