Fungal diseases today are fairly common. That is why manufacturers offer a huge range of various means to combat them. Ointment and cream from the fungus on the feet is considered the most effective way of treatment, but how to understand all their diversity?
Indications for use
The indication for the use of any ointment or cream for fungus on the legs is mycosis of the skin, caused mainly by fungi of the genus Candida. Today it is very easy to get a fungus, but it is quite difficult to cure this disease. It should be understood, no matter how effective the ointment, it must be used in combination with other drugs. Local remedies are suitable only in the initial stages of the disease.
Foot mycosis causes more than 500 types of fungi. Therefore, the same disease in different people may differ in clinical manifestations and mechanism of damage. To select the correct ointment from the fungus on the legs, you must first conduct a laboratory study. Only then will the treatment be effective.
Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
Here we look at the pharmacokinetics of the cream and ointment from the fungus on the legs on the example of the popular means Lamisil.
The drug inhibits squalene epoxidase in the cell membrane of a microorganism, which inhibits the biosynthesis of sterols in the stroma in the early stages of development. It also helps create a deficiency of ergosterol, which leads to the accumulation of squalene inside the cell. This causes the death of fungi. It shows activity in relation to mold fungi, dermatophytes, some dimorphic fungi, yeast fungi.
The most popular drug for the fungus on the legs today is Lamisil ointment. Therefore, we will consider its pharmacokinetics in this section.
Only 5% of the agent is subjected to systemic absorption with local use.
The use of ointments and creams from the fungus on the legs during pregnancy
Foot fungus often traps women during pregnancy. This is because the body of the pregnant is more vulnerable. The treatment of this disease is greatly complicated in such an important period in the life of every woman. If you have noticed the first symptoms of foot fungus, you should immediately consult a doctor who can prescribe an effective and safe treatment.
Ointment from the fungus on the legs is not always contraindicated in pregnancy. But they must be used extremely carefully, so as not to harm themselves and the fetus. The safest products for pregnant women are: salicylic ointment, Lamisil, Clotrimazole, Nizoral. But these tools must be used with special care and in no case should not exceed the dosage prescribed by the doctor.
Ointments and creams from the fungus on the feet are usually safe for the patient. The main contraindications to their use may be:
- Individual intolerance to the substance of the drug.
- High sensitivity to components.
- Early age (up to 12 years).
- Hepatic or renal impairment (use with caution).
- First trimester of pregnancy.
Among the main side effects of ointments from the fungus on the legs are: allergic reactions, contact dermatitis, erythema, itching, burning, redness, swelling of the skin, skin rash.
If you notice the manifestation of these symptoms, you should immediately stop treatment. Side effects pass independently, without special therapy.
Names of ointments and creams from the fungus on the legs
In pharmacies today, customers can find different names of ointments from the fungus on the legs. They all differ in their composition and mode of action. Here are the most effective and efficient:
Zalain. The active ingredient in the cream is sertaconazole nitrate. It has an excellent antifungal effect. It is active against most fungi and bacteria. Apply smoothly, all over the affected surface, at least twice a day. It is necessary to capture at least 1 cm of skin that is located around the affected area. Therapy can last at least two weeks, but the duration of treatment depends entirely on how localized the infection.
Zalain is not recommended for people with hypersensitivity to sertaconazole nitrate. As a rule, during pregnancy and during breastfeeding does not apply (only in extreme cases, as prescribed by a doctor). Side effects usually occur rarely, among them stand out: dermatitis, self-erythematous reactions taking place. Separate treatment is not necessary.
Candide. Clotrimazole forms the basis of this antifungal drug. Apply the ointment can only be on pre-cleansed and dried skin, which has undergone damage. It is recommended to use a small amount of the drug at one time. It is necessary to apply not less than twice (three times) per day. In order for the treatment to be effective, experts recommend not stopping when the main symptoms pass. Continue to apply the cream for another two weeks after they disappear.
Contraindications to use:
- Pregnancy (only if the localization of the disease is too extensive).
- Intolerance to clotrimazole.
Among the side effects sometimes manifested a slight irritation of the skin. It quickly passes without therapy.
Nizoral. The active ingredient is ketoconazole. It is because of this that the drug has strong fungicidal and mycostatic effects. To achieve a positive result, the following dosage is recommended: once a day, apply on the skin (damaged and adjacent to it) in a thin and even layer, do not rub it. The average duration of therapy is four to six weeks.
With an overdose of cream may appear erythema, burning, swelling. To improve the condition you need to immediately stop using the drug. Individual intolerance to ketoconazole is a contraindication to the use of the drug. In pregnancy, the use of Nizoral is safe enough, but should be supervised by a specialist. The main side effects are: burning, redness on the skin, allergies, hypersensitivity, itching, erythema.
A remedy that is often used to treat foot fungus. Based on the active substance of the substance terbinafine hydrochloride. It has a rather broad spectrum of activity against many fungi.
Use the drug can only be twelve years of age. The average dosage may be the following: twice a day apply to cleansed and dried skin that has been damaged. Use a small amount of ointment and lightly rub. Medical therapy can not last more than a week.
The positive effect of the use of the patient can be seen after the first application. If treatment is irregular or is often interrupted, there is a possibility of a resumption of the disease.
The cream can lead to complications in renal and hepatic failure. It is contraindicated for the reception of chronic alcoholics or people with improper metabolism. During pregnancy is prescribed only under the strict supervision of a doctor. If you have a hypersensitivity to terbinafine hydrochloride, the drug is contraindicated.
Side effects are quite rare. Among them is to highlight the various allergic reactions (rash, itching, burning).
This is a popular antifungal drug that is based on the active action of clotrimazole. Many specialists after diagnosing mycosis (fungus) of the feet, prescribe Clotrimazole as the main drug. Average dosage: twice (three times) per day in a small even layer. In this case, the skin must first be completely cleaned and dry well. The duration of therapy depends on the degree of the disease. Even when the symptoms have passed, it is recommended to continue the treatment for at least another two weeks.
Nursing mothers drug prescribed with caution and under the close supervision of a specialist. At the beginning of pregnancy (I term) ointment is completely contraindicated. Cannot be used if you suffer from intolerance to clotrimazole. Patients with liver failure need to be used with caution and constantly check the condition of the liver.
Among the most common side effects that may occur in the process of using the ointment are: allergic reactions (mainly burning, itching, rash, redness), erythema, blisters, tingling sensation and peeling of the skin.
The drug is based on the active active ingredient – naftifine hydrochloride. For effective treatment, the cream is applied to the affected skin and adjacent areas with a thin layer once a day. The skin before the procedure should be cleaned and dried.
The complexity of the disease greatly affects the duration of therapy. As a rule, after two or three weeks, the symptoms disappear. To prevent recurrence, Exoderil must be used for at least fourteen days after all symptoms disappear.
The drug is not used during pregnancy, as it can harm the fetus. Lactating women ointment is also contraindicated, as well as those who manifest intolerance to the main substance. The drug is prohibited to children. If you are using Exoderil, be prepared for some side effects (itching, flushing, allergies, dry skin, burning).
The drug perfectly dries the skin, disinfects it. Also has a good astringent and absorbent effect. This ointment is excellent for various skin irritations and dermatitis. Zinc oxide is the basis of the ointment and its active ingredient. Apply only on the recommendation of a specialist. The dosage and duration of therapy depend only on the clinical picture of the disease and the degree of its spread.
Side effects from using zinc ointment:
One of the few ointments that can be treated fungus on the legs during pregnancy. The only contraindication is zinc oxide intolerance.
Russian ointment from the fungus on the legs
Antifungal ointment Mikonorm, which is produced on the territory of Russia, is considered an affordable and effective tool in the treatment of foot fungus. It is based on terbinafine hydrochloride.
You can start using the ointment from the age of twelve. On average, the dosage may be as follows: use a small amount of ointment twice a day, rub into the affected skin and the adjacent areas. This ointment from the fungus on the legs helps to cure this unpleasant disease in a week. At the same time, a decrease in the strength of symptoms is noticeable already on the first day of use.
Despite all the advantages, Miconorm ointment is sometimes contraindicated. In particular, it is not recommended for patients to use for alcoholism, patients with improper metabolism, tumors, diseases of the kidneys and liver. Intolerance to substances can lead to allergic reactions.
Allergic reactions such as rashes, redness, itching, and burning sensation are among the main side effects.
Method of application of ointments and creams from the fungus on the legs
If you want to increase the effectiveness of the use of creams and ointments from the fungus on the legs, you need to know how to apply them correctly.
- Before applying the medicine to the affected skin, it must be thoroughly cleaned (with soap and hot water) and dried. If you wish, you can add various herbs or ordinary soda to the water.
- The ointment is applied in a small amount, slightly rubbing into the affected area.
- Try every day to handle your shoes and other items with special solutions.
- Avoid getting drugs on the mucous membranes.
- At the same time, treat all affected areas.
In case of overdose with ointment from the fungus on the legs, swelling of the skin, contact dermatitis, redness, itching or burning may occur. All these unpleasant symptoms disappear on their own and without special treatment.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Ointments and creams from the fungus on the feet should be kept out of the reach of children, in a dark place at a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees. Please note that improper storage of any medication may increase its side effects. Be sure to read the instructions, which are always attached to medicines.
As a rule, the shelf life of various outdoor products from the fungus on the legs is three to five years.
Effective ointment for fungus on the legs
It is difficult to understand which effective ointment from the fungus on the legs is best. It all depends on the health of the patient, how his body carries the various components that make up the various drugs, the extent of the disease and the localization of the infection. Many patients note that Mikospor ointment helps to achieve an effective result.
The composition of this drug includes such active ingredients as urea and bifonazole. Thanks to them, the ointment has a good antifungal effect. Apply only once a day (a small amount is used), unless there are other recommendations on the dosage from the doctor. The average duration of therapy is four weeks.
The main contraindications for the use of ointment:
- First trimester of pregnancy.
- Sensitivity that can cause allergies.
Among the side effects distinguish: maceration, contact dermatitis, desquamation, erythema, allergies (rash and burning).
Cheap and effective foot ointment
If you do not have the opportunity to purchase expensive drugs, but you want to cure an unpleasant disease, you can pay attention to cheap ointments from the fungus on the legs. Among them should be highlighted:
Salicylic ointment. As the name implies, the main component is salicylic acid. Differs in antiseptic effect. Do not apply to patients with intolerance to this acid, as it can cause allergic reactions.
Traditional ointment dosage: apply twice or thrice a day on the skin that is affected by fungus. Do not forget that the skin must first be well cleaned. Therapy lasts from six to twenty days. Ointment rarely leads to side effects. But patients may have: allergies, itching, peeling, redness, dryness, rash.
The average price of salicylic ointment: 13 UAH.
Sulfuric ointment. Based on the action of the active ingredient – sulfur. Due to this, the drug fights parasites, microbes and fungi perfectly, but is used mainly in the combined treatment.
The usual dosage: twice a day applied to the affected cleansed and dried skin. Children under three years of age are contraindicated. Therapy continues until the symptoms disappear. Contraindications to use: early age, pregnancy, breastfeeding, sensitivity to substances that can lead to allergies.