Tickling and sore throat, feeling a lump and the desire to cough – these symptoms are familiar to everyone. Often they accompany pharyngitis. Today’s article will tell you about this disease. You will learn the main symptoms and ways to eliminate the pathology.
Pharyngitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the larynx area. It affects the lymphoid tissue. By the nature of the disease is infectious and non-infectious. In the first case, pathology develops due to the defeat of viruses and bacteria, as well as due to any other disease (scarlet fever, influenza, whooping cough). Non-infectious pharyngitis is less common. Its appearance is triggered by the inhalation of polluted air or chemical (irritating) substances. Find out what caused the disease, you can only through laboratory studies.
Pharyngitis in children is most often diagnosed. Symptoms and treatment will be presented to you later. Before it it is necessary to say that there are two forms of pathology: acute and chronic. The latter occurs as a result of improper therapy or lack thereof.
The appearance of pharyngitis of different forms
The most common pharyngitis sick children of preschool and school age. If the pathology has arisen suddenly, then it proceeds in an acute form. It has symptoms such as severe sore throat, sore throat. During the inspection, you can see a strong redness of the mucous membrane, swelling. Often there is a dry cough with pharyngitis. The disease can be accompanied by high fever (up to 39 degrees). In children, pathology provokes headache, general malaise, increased drowsiness. If rhinitis is added (which is not uncommon), then we are talking about acute nasopharyngitis. The lack of modern therapy provokes the transition of the pathology to the chronic form.
When running or undertreated pharyngitis in children persistence and irritation in the throat. Acute pain is gone, and body temperature is within normal limits. It would seem that the child is recovering. But it was not there. Chronic pharyngitis provokes frequent headaches. It can be exacerbated by complications such as sinusitis or otitis. Less commonly, pathology affects the kidneys, but this is possible. Chronic pharyngitis cough, often dry or wet, but with very difficult sputum discharge. The child’s appetite is deteriorating, working capacity is going down.
How to eliminate pharyngitis in children?
Symptoms and treatment should intersect with each other. Primary pathology therapy is symptomatic. This means that when the temperature rises to high values, the child must be given antipyretic drugs: Panadol, Ibuprofen, Nimulid. Many of them also have anti-inflammatory effects. Cough for pharyngitis should be eliminated with appropriate means. Note that they depend on the nature of the symptom.
If there is a runny nose, it must be treated with antiseptics, antiviral agents or antibiotics. The appropriate drug is selected depending on the cause of pharyngitis. Often parents resort to grandmother’s methods of treatment: they use folk remedies. This is acceptable, but you should always remember about possible allergies. In addition, the use of improvised means does not exempt you from taking medication. Herbal decoctions and folk recipes cough with pharyngitis is quite difficult to eliminate. If the disease is started, it will go into the chronic stage – you already know about it. Therefore, it is important to show the child to the doctor and get an appointment.
Antibiotics or antivirals?
Pharyngitis cough often has an infectious origin. It appears due to the defeat of the larynx by bacteria or viruses. The latter option is more common in children. For the treatment of acute viral pharyngitis it is necessary to use drugs that eliminate the cause of the disease. Doctors prefer to prescribe safe medicines for children: interferon inducers. The drugs boost their own immunity, helping the body to cope with the infection itself. Children are allowed to give Anaferon, Ergoferon, Tsitofir. After 2 years, Isoprinosine is assigned, and field 4 – Cycloferon. Schoolchildren can be given the well-known Rimantadine.
Pharyngitis cough in children can be caused by the multiplication of bacteria. In this case, doctors prescribe antibiotics. It is important to remember that such funds are prohibited to take on their own. It is believed that the most effective antimicrobial agents for pharyngitis – penicillins. Preference is given to Augmentin or Amoxiclav. Flemoxin or Amoxicillin is less commonly prescribed. If the child has intolerance to this range of antibiotics, then the drug is selected taking into account the individual characteristics.
Wet cough with pharyngitis in children is often caused by the flow of nasal mucus along the back of the throat. It seems that the child does not have snot, and the nose grunts. During the inspection, you can see that the pharynx is inflamed and purulent sputum flows through it. The treatment of such an irritant is always complex. Doctors prescribe the following remedies.
Saline solutions Aquamaris, Rinostop, Dolphin. They are necessary for washing the nasal passages in order to eliminate accumulated pus and cleanse the mucous membranes.
Vasovosuzhivayuschie means Nazivin, Vibrotsil, Snoop. The drugs are designed to relieve swelling. They eliminate nasal congestion and relieve itching, restore breathing.
Antibiotics and antiseptics Isofra, Protargol, Miramistin. The purpose of these drugs is to eliminate germs that irritate the larynx and provoke a cough.
Before you remove the cough with pharyngitis, you must make sure that it is really dry. To do this, show the child to the doctor. The doctor will listen to the breath, bronchi and lungs. If everything is clean in the lower respiratory tract, it will allow you to take antitussive formulations. For children appointed: Sinekod, Codelac Neo, Herbion. The purpose of medicines is to remove the spasm and reduce the activity of a complex reflex arc.
Often the kids cough with pharyngitis torments so that they have vomiting urge. If this reflex is not stopped in time, the child will vomit. This symptom is very painful and exhausting. More often it appears in the acute course of the disease.
If a child has a cough for pharyngitis – how to treat? Most debilitating cough with difficult discharge of viscous sputum appears in chronic disease. A child having this problem coughs all the time, cannot push a lump out of the respiratory tract. To alleviate the condition, doctors recommend using expectorants: “ACC”, “Ambrobene”, “Lasolvan,” Mukaltin. medications can be taken in the form of inhalation.The effectiveness of such treatment is several times higher than the oral use of expectorant drugs.
Doctors can also recommend anti-inflammatory syrups and tablets, for example, Ascoril, Erespal, and Pektusin. To take them is permissible in accordance with the age of the child, in the right dosage.
Since the cough during pharyngitis is caused by irritation of the larynx, it is possible to take emollients. Doctors prescribe children lozenges for sucking, irrigating solutions. This always takes into account the age of the child. Many drugs are contraindicated in children under 3, or even up to 6 years.
To reduce cough and sore throat, Lizobact, Doctor Mom, Strepsils, Septolete, Grammidine are used. You can treat the inflamed larynx with solutions Ingalipt, Tantum Verde, Hexoral, Bioparox. Be sure to read the instructions before using the medication.
Traditional methods of treatment
Many kids help rinsing with pharyngitis. Such manipulations can be carried out independently, but do not forget to observe the received assignments. For rinsing, choose decoctions that have anti-inflammatory, regenerating effect: chamomile, sage, calendula. It is permissible to gargle with saline. For its preparation you will need a teaspoon of soda and salt, as well as a glass of warm water.
Treat cough with pharyngitis can be abundant warm drink. Use tea with raspberries or lemon, milk with honey. Many help onion decoction. When choosing a folk remedy, always consider the age of the child. Children under 3 years old are not recommended to give allergenic products on their own: honey, cow’s milk, vegetable decoctions.
Pharyngitis, accompanied by cough – a frequent occurrence in childhood. A small fragile organism cannot cope with the disease on its own. Therefore, it is so important to notice the pathology and conduct the correct treatment. Remember that it is much easier to eliminate a sharp cough than a chronic one. Good health to you and your child!
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