Effective treatment for cystitis – a combination of pharmacology and folk remedies
Cystitis, in its most simplified popularization of the term, is inflammation of the bladder. Comprehensive treatment of cystitis includes local and systemic therapeutic techniques, as well as some traditional medicine.
The tactics of treatment is chosen based on the type of pathogen identified in the patient’s urine, the severity of the clinical picture, the presence of complications and concomitant diseases. What and how to treat cystitis can be understood only by thoroughly examining not only the available objective examination data, but also the patient’s history. Often there are situations when the human environment includes many factors contributing to the development of the disease in question. The course of treatment of cystitis before the disappearance of clinical signs of the disease takes an average of about one week.
Differences of therapy in chronic and acute forms of the disease
To get rid of cystitis forever, it is necessary to clearly differentiate between its acute and chronic forms, as well as the difference in treatment with them. Thus, the treatment of the acute form of the disease is carried out mainly with antibiotics. Such a tactic is due to the fact that the absolute majority of cases of cystitis are caused precisely by the presence of bacterial microflora that enter the bladder in an ascending (less often descending) way. As a rule, competently performed antimicrobial treatment is sufficient for complete recovery, but along with the aforementioned patients, additional supportive therapy is often prescribed. Recovery from acute cystitis occurs within 7-14 days.
The set of drugs and techniques used in chronic inflammation is not much wider. This is due to the fact that in this case the bacterial component of the disease is often not the main, but an additional etiological factor that comes into play against the background of already existing disruptions in the urinary system or the body as a whole (endocrine disorders, disturbed urine outflow, radiation damage). Effective treatment of cystitis in a chronic form without eliminating the true etiological factor is impossible. In cases of an idiopathic form, all the means and methods of the applied therapy are symptomatic in nature, facilitating the patient’s condition and not eliminating the disease.
Antimicrobial therapy as a basis for the treatment of bacterial cystitis
Antimicrobial drugs are prescribed in almost all cases of acute cystitis. Treatment for chronic cystitis is also rarely without antibiotics. The use of modern broad-spectrum means allows you to do without bacteriological urine culture, however, the lack of effect of the applied drug sometimes forces the specialist to use this method of examination of the patient.
How to quickly cure cystitis? The most popular antibiotic treatment regimen today includes a single dose of monural – a drug effective against the absolute majority of microflora found in cystitis. The dosage of this medicinal product is a shock, allowing you to avoid long-term medication and related side effects. However, severe forms of the disease, as well as the lack of the expected effect, in some cases dictate the need to use a course of antibacterial agents.
In the treatment of inflammatory diseases, fluoroquinolones, which are active against both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, have gained high popularity. The most well-known representatives of this pharmacological group are drugs such as ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin.
Due to good bioavailability, as well as the minimum number of side effects, macrolides (sumamed, rulid) have also proven themselves well. In addition, the course of treatment may include the suppression of pathogenic microflora by Trichopolum (metronidazole), the time of application of which can reach 10 days.
Detailed information on the causes of cystitis and methods of its treatment is laid out in the video:
Treatment aimed at eliminating the side effects of the antibiotic
The use of antibiotic drugs in almost all cases leads to the development of some side effects, in particular, intestinal disorders and diarrhea. The causes of this phenomenon lie in the non-selective action of powerful antibiotics, which, along with pathogenic microflora, destroy the lactobacilli contained in the gastrointestinal tract. In order to stabilize the work of the gastrointestinal tract, it is necessary to eliminate the symptoms that appear in a timely manner, and the treatment in this case is carried out using the method described below.
Correction is carried out by assigning the patient funds containing live bacterial cultures, or provoking their development in a natural way. The most commonly used is bifidumbacterin or bifilis.
Antispasmodic therapy as prevention of acute urinary retention
The existing drug treatment of cystitis includes antispasmodics. The fact is that sharp pains and burning during urination often lead to a reflex spasm of urinary tract sphincters, and this, in turn, to an acute urinary retention. The accumulation of urine that does not receive an output in the bladder leads to a dramatic increase in symptoms, urinary reflux to the kidney, the development of uremia and toxemia. Most often spasm of sphincters occurs in children, because of their lower pain threshold than in adults.
The drugs of choice include no-silo, papaverine, drotaverine. All of them have a fairly quick and strong effect, while having a relatively low cost. The dosage form of the antispasmodic agents used can be any, but the most popular are tableted drugs and suppositories. Antispasmodic injections for cystitis are not appropriate, because when we treat cystitis, there is no need to achieve extremely rapid action of the drug.
Effective analgesia – a way to quickly improve the quality of life of the patient
Pain relief can also be performed with the help of popular analgesic drugs of non-narcotic action (analgin, ketorol). However, the most effective is the use of combined means in which there is a combination of analgesic and antispasmodic (antispasmodic).
It should be remembered that the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs even in parenteral form leads to the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract, the formation of ulcers, bleeding. Ideally, the time course of use of analgesics should not exceed a few days. Reception is carried out taking into account the allowed dosages specified in the annotations to the drug or in accordance with a doctor’s prescription.
Prevention and treatment of bleeding in chronic cystitis
Appeared signs of blood in the urine indicate the presence of pronounced disorders in the structure of the mucous membrane of the bladder. Such symptoms often occur with chronic, long-flowing cystitis with existing complications, up to the malignancy of polyps and the development of malignant oncological processes. At the same time the volume of blood released can be quite large.
Methods for the treatment of bleeding can be operative, but more often use conservative therapy with the use of such means as etamzilat, vikasol, aminocaproic acid. The drugs affect the blood coagulation system, stimulating the processes of hemostasis.
Immunostimulating drugs to activate the patient’s own defenses
Modern methods of treatment of cystitis include immunotherapy. The use of immunostimulants is reasonable for chronic, often recurrent cystitis of bacterial and viral etiology. The decision on the need for an immunostimulating treatment depends on how long and with what intensity the disease progresses.
To date, the most frequently prescribed T-activin, timolin, timomodulin. These funds stimulate the processes of cellular immunity, helping to reduce the time of illness and the frequency of relapses.
Topical treatment for cystitis
It is possible to fight cystitis with the help of local treatment, but it should also be carried out by an experienced specialist. Antibacterial solutions (furatsilin, miramistin), a solution of colloidal silver are injected into the cavity of the bladder through a catheter. In this case, the catheter after administration of the drug is removed. Removal of the drug is carried out naturally.
At home, the patient’s condition can be alleviated by sitting in a warm bath with salts and aromatic compounds. Such a procedure has not only a spasmolytic, but also a sedative effect, contributing to the normalization of the patient’s psychosomatic condition. Outside the period of exacerbation of chronic cystitis, some physiotherapeutic procedures (UHF, electropheresis) are prescribed, however, in the acute stage, the appointment of such manipulations is not shown.
Folk recipes in the treatment of cystitis
You can successfully combat pathology by using traditional medicine. However, this treatment is better to use in the mild course of the disease, as well as in its chronic forms in the remission stage. Cranberries, field chamomile, parsley have a uroseptic effect. Birch tar is also treated with cystitis, but its effectiveness has not been proven.
As a rule, vegetable raw materials are used as water decoctions, with a large amount of liquid. This allows you to get not only the antiseptic effect of the herbs used, but also a mechanical washing of the bladder with urine. However, it is necessary to closely monitor the water balance (the ratio of drunk and selected). Otherwise, serious complications may occur (hyperhydration and internal edema).
Prognosis in acute and chronic form
Due to the high frequency of occurrence of cystitis, many people are concerned about the question of whether cystitis can be cured forever. Responding to it, it can be said that the prognosis for acute forms of the disease in most cases is favorable. Recovery is complete within a few days.
Severe chronic inflammation of the bladder is rarely cured completely. The frequency of recurrence depends on the doctor involved in the treatment. Plays the role of his work experience, skill level, technical capabilities of the medical institution. Self-complicated cystitis is almost impossible to cure.
Prevention of bladder inflammation and action at the first signs of exacerbation
The text above dealt with what is cystitis and how to treat it. However, a significant role is played by the prevention of the disease. Literate preventive measures can prevent the development of inflammation, significantly improve the quality of life of a patient with a chronic form of the disease, reduce the frequency of exacerbations of a pathological condition.
The disease in question can be prevented by following simple precautions such as:
- Lack of hypothermia (the main contributing factor).
- Hygiene measures of the external genital area (prevention of the upward path of infection).
- Active lifestyle. Mobility improves blood circulation in the pelvic organs, improves the level of immune defense, reduces stagnation.
- Preventive use of uroseptics. What is cystitis and treatment of its folk remedies, also mentioned above. However, the use of uro-septic herbs is also advisable for preventive purposes, especially in chronic forms of the condition.
In conclusion, it must be recalled that cystitis, despite its seeming simplicity, is a rather serious internal disease. In the archives of specialists – urologists stored a lot of photos of the bladder of those patients who, to the last possible opportunity, neglected visits to the hospital. Unfortunately, in such cases the organ cannot be preserved. Treatment should be started in a timely manner, be literate and thoughtful, carried out under the supervision of a urologist. Only in this case is it possible to find a solution on how to cure cystitis forever, and avoid frequent relapses.
Effective treatment of cystitis
One of the unpleasant diseases that significantly spoils life is cystitis. Inflammation of the bladder mainly affects women because of the characteristics of their anatomy. If the treatment of cystitis is carried out incorrectly, then the person condemns himself to constant meetings with him and the development of serious complications.
An important key to effective treatment of this disease is the timely treatment of the patient. At the first symptoms of cystitis, you must visit a urologist. For its successful treatment, it is necessary to identify all pathogens. Among them can be both opportunistic flora and STDs.
Tests to be taken for symptoms of cystitis:
- common urine and blood;
- smear on flora;
- urine culture with antibiogram;
- sowing on microflora with antibiogram;
- PCR scraping (herpes, cytomegalovirus, HPV, gonococcus, chlamydia trachomatis, trichomanades, mycoplasma genitalium);
- seeding on mycoplasma and ureaplasma with antibiogram.
It is also advisable to examine the blood for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis, toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis.
It is important to undergo a comprehensive examination before taking any drugs. Of course, in acute cystitis, the results of the tests are not expected and therapy is prescribed. However, the treatment regimen is supplemented, if necessary, after their receipt.
To cure cystitis at home alone, using the advice of friends, it is impossible. Avoid taking antibiotics also fail. The use of natural products and fees gives good results, but only as a supplement. They are also useful for preventing relapses.
Here it is important to understand that the symptoms of cystitis can also go away on their own, however this does not mean cure. The disease has simply passed into the chronic form, and any provoking factor will cause its aggravation. Treatment of cystitis in this case is much more difficult. This will require much more time and money.
Frequent relapses of the disease lead to irreversible changes in the wall of the bladder, over time, its normal functioning is disrupted. This can lead to urinary incontinence, cancer, reduction in capacity, constant pain.
Quite often, inflammation spreads to the kidneys, leading to chronic pyelonephritis over time. This disease contributes to the occurrence of renal failure.
So, how is a person treated for cystitis who no longer wants to face him? Therapy necessarily contains antibacterial, immune, antifungal drugs. It is necessary to include drugs that normalize the microflora and support the liver.
After 3 weeks is monitored. Mandatory analysis of urine surrenders (total and seeding). When treating any STDs, their PCR and ELISA diagnostics are performed. If there are abnormalities in the tests, the doctor will prescribe a repeated course of therapy, perhaps another or several drugs will be used.
After treatment, preventive courses are conducted. They may contain herbs, uroseptics, immunomodulators, drugs that restore the liver and microflora.
It is advisable to conduct a urine test (total and seeding) every month. In addition, it will be helpful to visit the dentist and otolaryngologist, as carious teeth and chronic inflammation of the nasopharynx may contribute to recurrence of cystitis.
In the chronic course of the disease, it is necessary to do a cystoscopy with a good doctor. He will assess the degree of damage to the bladder wall, prescribe therapy.
For the treatment of cystitis to be successful, it is strictly forbidden:
- there is smoked, pickled, salted, spicy;
- drink coffee, alcohol, carbonated;
- subject to strong physical exertion;
- have sex without a condom, it is generally better to completely abandon it during therapy.
So, effective treatment of cystitis is a long and laborious process, especially if the disease is neglected. Doing the course of some antibiotics will not work. A comprehensive examination is necessary, including for STDs. During the year, you need to pass tests and take preventive courses.
Treatment of cystitis folk remedies
A sad statistic says: more than fifty percent of women have experienced cystitis at least once in their life. To cope with the disease in a timely manner and prevent the development of the chronic stage will help folk remedies and careful attitude to your body.
Unfortunately, more and more people, including those of relatively young age, are experiencing symptoms of a disease such as cystitis. Treatment with folk remedies in many cases can not only stop but also prevent both the onset and the development of cystitis, which in its advanced stages can turn into a much more dangerous disease, pyelonephritis.
The causes of cystitis lie in the physiological features of the design of the urinary organs, insufficient attention to hygiene, hypothermia and the harmful effects of bacteria.
Of course, visiting the doctor, despite the sensitivity of the problem, is inevitable.
Long self-healing, you risk to earn chronic cystitis. Treatment of cystitis folk remedies can only save you from unpleasant symptoms.
Search for the true etiology of cystitis, you need to pass tests and in consultation with a good specialist. Only in this way you will be able to destroy the root of the problem, and therefore, forever say goodbye to the cutting pain in the lower abdomen, constant running to the toilet and blood in the urine. Very often, diseases that accompanies and which provokes cystitis, it is useless to treat with folk remedies. But it is possible and necessary to help yourself at first with the methods at hand.
Hygiene and warming
The first thing worth paying close attention to is hygiene and warmth. Wash and dry thoroughly with a dry, clean towel. Panties should be steamed with iron during this period. Not to mention that you can not overdo it with warming up. You can use a heating pad or salt cooked in a frying pan – not so important.
The heat should not be too intense, pleasant, relaxing and dry. Warm up is the lower abdomen and pubic area, the procedure can not be repeated more than four times a day. And remember about cleanliness on the verge of sterility – bacteria warm up multiply faster, and immunity decreases in the period of exacerbation of cystitis, be extremely attentive to your body – and the disease will recede faster.
It is best to buy in the pharmacy a ready-made blend of herbs for the treatment of cystitis, but if this is not possible, the experience of our grandmothers will fit. The leader in the treatment of cystitis and the maintenance of women’s health in general is knotweed, it is also a highlander bird. Yes, this is the same soft roadside grass with oval leaves. If you use a decoction of knotweed regularly, the symptoms of cystitis can be forgotten for a very long time. Excellent help seeds of parsley and bearberry, as well as yarrow. Dry grass should be brewed in the calculation of one or two tablespoons per cup of boiling water. Drink infusions of herbs preferably in the form of heat and sips.
One of the best and most ancient folk remedies that help with cystitis, especially caused by hypothermia, is a warm decoction of cedar nutshells (to insist half a cup of shells in half a liter of boiling water). In addition to high efficiency, this drink has a pleasant taste. Taiga healers claimed that with this simple medicine they were able to quickly put people on their feet, even with very strong pains in the bladder area.
A special place in the treatment of cystitis folk methods is a decoction of sunflower roots. To prepare this medicine, you need to dig up the sunflower roots in the fall, wash, chop and dry them. Next, you need 200 g of the root pour two or three liters of boiling water, and then insist the mixture in a thermos or boil for three to five minutes. Take a decoction of sunflower roots must be three times a day for half a cup during the month. The course of treatment should be repeated a month later, even in the absence of symptoms.
Warm phytobaths with cystitis combine two methods – warming up and phytotherapy. It is best to use disinfecting, anti-inflammatory herbs for such baths: chamomile, calendula, string. You can add a decoction of eucalyptus leaves, it perfectly disinfects. In addition, adherents of traditional medicine are advised to pour in a bath of decoction of spruce or pine branches, as well as infusion of birch leaves.
Having a tendency to the appearance of symptoms of cystitis, do not forget about prevention – however trite it may sound, it often helps to avoid serious health problems. So, if you have symptoms of cystitis at least once in your life, you should follow these simple rules: wear only cotton underwear, try not to swim in open ponds, do not overcool and carefully observe hygiene.
Recall that for whatever reason cystitis has arisen, treatment with folk remedies is only a temporary method, and you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. At least in order not to have to resort to either the folk methods or the drug treatment in the future.
Treatment of cystitis – in which cases hospitalization is needed – Effective methods
Effective treatment of cystitis
The most effective treatment for cystitis, which allows you to quickly suppress the unpleasant symptoms of urinary tract infection – antibiotic treatment. For the treatment of cystitis, various drugs are used, the choice of which depends on the results of urine tests that determine bacterial cultures – disease pathogens.
Treatment of uncomplicated acute cystitis involves taking one drug from the following list:
A relatively new class of drugs used to treat cystitis and suppress the symptoms of urinary tract infection is quinolones, including ofloxacin, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, trovafloxacin. Antibiotics of the quinolone group are no less effective in combating bacteria that provoke cystitis than other drugs, but suggest several limitations — in particular, quinolones are very rarely used to treat cystitis in pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding.
In most cases, if the cystitis is not complicated by other factors, effective treatment of cystitis takes only one or two days — most of the symptoms of cystitis disappear in this short period of antibiotic use. However, the duration of a course of treatment of cystitis with antibiotics usually ranges from three days to a week – this measure allows to cure the infection completely and prevent the return of symptoms of cystitis in the future. The duration of treatment of cystitis with antibiotics can be increased in the following cases:
- With a late visit to a doctor and inadequate treatment for a long time
- With signs of kidney infection
- With diabetes
- With prostate infections in men
In addition, a more prolonged treatment of cystitis with antibiotics is required when urinary tract infection is caused by chlamydia or mycoplasma. After completion of treatment, a re-analysis of the urine is usually required, confirming the absence of infection.
Ways to relieve cystitis pain
In addition to antibiotics, effective treatment of cystitis involves the administration of various painkillers. Painkillers do not kill the bacteria that caused the cystitis, but effectively suppress its most unpleasant symptoms – including cutting pain when urinating. Ibuprofen and paracetamol are among the most widely used drugs for suppressing the symptoms of cystitis.
In addition, heaters or hot compresses help to relieve pain, increasing the amount of fluid consumed. But from coffee, alcohol and spicy, spicy food for the treatment of cystitis is better to refuse – such products can exacerbate the symptoms of infection.
Effective treatment of chronic cystitis
According to statistics, four out of five women who have undergone three bladder infections for several months have chronic cystitis, a periodic return of symptoms of infection. In chronic cystitis (symptoms appear three times a year or more often), the following treatments are recommended:
- Daily small doses of antibiotics — nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole — that need to be taken for six months or longer. It is necessary to take antibiotics at night – the active substances are retained longer in the bladder, making the drug more effective. Studies have shown that this method of treatment of chronic cystitis is high enough performance and almost no serious side effects.
- Taking a single dose of antibiotics after sexual intercourse (in the case when the symptoms of cystitis worsen after sexual contact).
- A short (one or two day duration) course of antibiotics when the first symptoms of cystitis appear.