Liver obesity (fatty hepatosis) is a disease in which degeneration of liver tissue into fatty tissue occurs. Fatty hepatosis equally affects both men and women. The reasons that can lead to this condition are many, but the most common is the abuse of fatty foods and alcohol. Liver obesity can also develop as a result of metabolic disorders, protein and vitamin starvation, and chronic toxicity with certain toxic compounds. Increased risk of disease in people with diabetes and thyrotoxicosis.
Symptoms of liver obesity
In the early stages of the disease and in cases where the cause of fatty hepatosis is endocrine pathologies, the signs of the disease may not manifest themselves for a long time or disguise as symptoms of the underlying disease.
Usually, patients are disturbed by indigestion, nausea, and sometimes vomiting, a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium. With the progression of the disease may occur a general deterioration of health, patients complain of weakness, fatigue, decreased performance. In some cases, jaundice may develop, accompanied by itchy skin. Very often, patients increase the liver, people with asthenic physique can independently feel its edge. Its surface will be smooth and smooth, but when pressed on the edge of the liver, patients will experience pain.
Similar complaints can be observed in other diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, therefore, when the above symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor, and not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment. To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe a series of laboratory tests (biochemical blood analysis) and instrumental examinations (ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs). If, after the examination, the doctor doubts the diagnosis, a liver biopsy is performed on the patient.
Fatty hepatosis treatment
A patient with liver obesity must be prepared for the fact that the treatment will be long and will require patience and discipline, and in some cases, refusal of bad habits or withdrawal from harmful production.
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the factor that caused the development of fatty hepatosis, as well as the treatment of associated diseases.
Patients need to follow a strict diet, and special diets should be adhered to not only during the course of treatment, but also after its completion. Patients suffering from fatty hepatosis are prescribed therapeutic diet No. 5, which can be observed for 1.5–2 years by expanding the list of authorized products in consultation with a physician. Diet eliminates the use of any fatty foods, whether meat, fish or dairy products. Canned food, smoked meat, spicy, pickled, fried foods, rich and confectionery products with fatty creams are also excluded. Patients with liver obesity absolutely contraindicated the use of any alcoholic beverages.
It is useful to include low-fat meat and fish in the diet in the form of boiled meat, or in the form of steam meatballs, meatballs and souffles. On the table should always be fresh vegetables and fruits. It is recommended to eat black bread, vegetable oils, dairy products with low fat content. The number of eggs is limited to one per day, and cook it better in the form of an omelet.
In addition to diet therapy, patients are shown drug treatment. Therapy is aimed at normalizing the work of the liver and biliary tract. Hepatoprotectors are very effective in treating fatty hepatosis (Essenicale, Resolut, Ursosan). The course of taking these drugs is usually at least 2 months. Patients should be prepared for the fact that during their lifetime they will have to take drugs of this group with a preventive purpose.
Vitamin therapy is also important in the complex treatment of the disease. Usually, it is enough to take vitamin complexes (Biomax, Alphabet, Complivit) 2 times a year. Vitamin E, nicotinic, ascorbic and folic acids, riboflavin are especially useful.
Doctors pay special attention to the state of fat metabolism in patients. In most cases, correction of lipid metabolism parameters is required, for which anti-cholesterol preparations are prescribed (Atoris, Crestor, Vasilip).
From folk remedies to combat liver obesity, infusions and decoctions of hips, immortelle and milk thistle are used. It should be noted that they should be taken only with the permission of the attending physician.
Not the last place in the treatment of the disease is given to physical exertion. It is necessary for the prevention of obesity and the fight against overweight, as well as for general body strengthening. Very useful walking in the fresh air, light running, swimming.
Fatty hepatosis is a disease with a favorable prognosis for patients. The sooner the treatment of this disease is initiated, the more likely the patient has a full recovery. And in case of late or incorrect treatment, liver obesity can turn into the form of chronic hepatitis, and in the most severe cases, cirrhosis of the liver.
Prevention of liver obesity
Prevention of fatty hepatosis is to exclude factors that increase the risk of developing the disease. The basis of it is a healthy lifestyle, excluding smoking and alcohol. Regular exercise, morning exercises, walks in the fresh air should become a habit of every person. People suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems and other related diseases should regularly monitor and, if necessary, adjust the level of glucose and blood cholesterol. Briefly, these methods can be summarized as follows:
- healthy balanced diet;
- reduction of alcohol consumption or complete rejection of it;
- regular exercise;
- control blood cholesterol levels for people over 45 years old.
Which doctor to contact
If you suspect liver disease, you should contact your gastroenterologist or hepatologist. A nutritionist, an endocrinologist, and a cardiologist can be of great help in treatment, prescribing the means to correct lipid metabolism.