This article will address issues with vessel problems. You will learn about the main symptoms, signs, methods of prevention and treatment.
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of serious complications and death. Vascular diseases account for 60% of the total number of pathologies, and is ranked 4th in the world, according to the frequency of occurrence according to official medical statistics from the United States Institute of Research from 2014. Our circulatory system is quite unique and perfect. The center of this system is the heart, being a pump, it pumps blood continuously. The branched system of arteries, veins of large and small diameters and a network of capillaries are connected with it. Blood flows through our vessels, carrying oxygen and beneficial substances into organs and tissues. In a young body, the vessels have a sufficient amount of collagen and substances that help our vessels to remain elastic and have a smooth inner surface. But with age, our vessels undergo significant changes. Namely: arteries and veins lose their elasticity and strength, they completely change their structure and composition. The inner surface becomes friable, microcracks appear in it, which further contribute to the occurrence of bleeding and vascular thrombophlebitis, and the deposition of fatty plaques. On the inner surface of the walls, more often these are arteries, fat deposits appear – atherosclerotic plaques, or atherosclerosis. This is a fairly frequent occurrence. Atherosclerosis is a widespread, in most cases hereditary, disease, during which damage of the elastic and muscular type of arteries occurs, in the form of proliferation of connective tissue in conjunction with the lipid (fatty) impregnation of the inner artery membrane, these
It is important to understand and know what the problems may be with the vessels, and their main clinical symptoms and early signs.
Symptoms and signs of vascular problems
Most of all cardiovascular diseases, in one way or another, are related. Given the normal processes in our body, all the nutrients, including cholesterol, the rate of which varies, in our body is 3.3 – 5.5 mmol / l. According to the recommendations of the European Association of Cardiologists for patients with diseases of the circulatory system, a scheme of normal indicators of the biochemical spectrum of lipids (taking blood from a vein in the laboratory), from 2000, has been established. Where established the rate of total cholesterol is less than 5 mmol / l; LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein, or “bad cholesterol”) is less than 3 mmol / l. HDL cholesterol (high density lipoproteins, or “good cholesterol”, its high blood level is also called “longevity syndrome”) is less than 1 mmol / l. It is determined in specialized biochemical laboratories, medical clinics and hospitals. An excess of total cholesterol leads to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in the lumen of our vessels. Subsequently, they narrow the internal diameter of the lumen of the arteries, which in turn leads to slower blood circulation and the formation of blood clots. In the future, the organs and whole organ systems that directly depend on the blood supply to these vessels receive less of enough nutrients and oxygen.
With significant vascular pathology, most people will have a number of serious diseases:
- hypertonic disease;
- neurodynamic vascular dystonia;
- varicose veins;
- phlebitis and thrombophlebitis;
- cerebro-vascular crises;
- myocardial infarction and brain;
- migraine and migraine attacks;
- heart failure;
- coronary heart disease.
Clinical manifestations associated with vascular diseases are directly dependent on the location and on the organ that is affected. If the affected organ is the heart, then the person in most cases feels sore and squeezing behind the sternum in the region of the heart, slight shortness of breath during physical exertion or at rest. In the pathology of cerebral vessels, patients experience: memory impairment, weakness in the limbs, dizziness, or even loss of consciousness. If a person has varicose veins of the lower extremities, then the main manifestations of the disease will be: fatigue and considerable pain in the lower extremities, even with slight physical exertion, swelling of the legs and feet, the appearance of enlarged veins on the skin, so-called venous spider veins and other symptoms of leg vein disease.
There are a lot of vascular diseases, another example is a significant change in blood circulation in the smallest vessels – the capillaries. A person who has this type of disorder will observe the first manifestations of a feeling of cold and numbness in the upper and lower extremities, pale skin when the ambient temperature drops, or stays in the cold. Of great importance is the hereditary factor, namely, if in your family someone from your family has suffered from vascular diseases, then remember that it is possible with a set of negative factors and you.
Important Do not make independent conclusions about your disease and in any case do not assign yourself an independent treatment. Consult a doctor.
Consequently, in the case of vascular disease, there is a significant obstruction of blood circulation in the vessels. The following clinical signs will help you in recognizing the malfunctioning of the circulatory system, in particular the blood vessels:
- frequent headaches and dizziness;
- throbbing pain or pulsation of the veins in the neck, darkening of the eyes, with sharp head tilts and changes in body position;
- feeling of numbness and coldness in the limbs;
- feeling of discomfort when the weather changes;
- a sharp increase or decrease in blood pressure numbers;
- a sharp increase (tachycardia) or slowing (bradycardia) pulse;
- loss of consciousness;
- feeling unwell at high ambient temperatures;
- throbbing pain in the head;
An important point in vascular diseases is their prevention and treatment.
Prevention of vessel problems
Given the complexity in the early detection of diseases of the vascular system, most people seek the help of specialists at a time when the course of the disease requires urgent and proper therapy. Therefore, prevention of prevention of this kind of disease is essential.
An important point in the process of prevention, vascular diseases has always remained the correct mode, a balanced and rational diet. Diet and lifestyle changes are the first and necessary steps to prevent vascular disease.
The basis of the diet should be included in sufficient quantities of fresh vegetables and various fruits. Fundamental is a reduction in the consumption of total fat and a decrease in saturated fat, and it is necessary to limit the consumption of: butter, margarine, whole milk, cream, pork tenderloin, duck, sausages, cakes, coconut and palm oil, coffee.
Instead, it is recommended to add to the daily diet: unrefined food from cereals (cereals), lentils, dried beans, rice, oatmeal, potatoes, fish, chickens, turkey, game, veal.
It has been proven that today there are a number of food products that, if used, can prevent blood clots from occurring, therefore, their mechanism of action is aimed at the anticoagulant abilities of our body and these substances act as a weak anticoagulant. These include the following products:
- all products containing vitamin K: liver, fish, mushrooms.
- black and green teas;
- ginger root;
- seafood and seaweed;
- berries: raspberry, strawberry;
- bananas and pineapples, citrus fruits.
No less important condition is to maintain the correct mode of sleep and rest (you need to sleep at least 8 hours a day), giving up bad habits, practicing regular and normalized sports, frequent outdoor activities and maintaining an active and rational lifestyle.
Treatment of vascular problems
In cases of vascular pathology, in which, it is necessary to assign only therapeutic treatment, in this situation, it is recommended to seek medical attention from a doctor immediately. Only a specialist is able to correctly and rationally establish an accurate diagnosis using the latest methods of instrumental diagnostics, diseases of the circulatory system and, accordingly, prescribe the correct treatment.
So the basis of treatment is the principle of prescribing drugs, depending on the specific case of vascular disease. Namely, it is necessary to take drugs that affect lipid metabolism in the body. In modern medical practice, fibrates are widely used: bezafibrate 1 tablet (0.2 g) 3 times a day, for a long time, the doctor selects the terms of administration individually. Fenofibrate (lipantil) 1 capsule (0.2 g) 1 time per day. Nicotinic acid at 0.05 g (up to 3-6 g / day) and
It should also not be forgotten to strengthen the vascular wall of blood vessels with a preparation such as ascorutin and 1 table. (50 mg.) 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment 3-4 weeks. Troxerutin at a dose of 60-90 mg / day for 2-4 weeks for varicose veins, thrombophlebitis. The use of multivitamin: duovit 1 table. per day, quadtit 1 tab. Once a day for a month.
Remember There are a lot of treatment regimens and drugs, but their correct use and dosage are necessary, only after consulting a specialist, for a specific vascular disease.
An important point is regular visits to specialized clinics and hospitals every six months if a person has vascular pathology. Getting appropriate advice and treatment regimen.
Maintaining an active lifestyle, special physical exercises and a standardized work day will also have a favorable effect on the state of your blood vessels.