Sore throat on one side or both, extending to the ears, accompanied by normal body temperature, can be a symptom of a number of diseases. When the first signs appear, it is recommended to consult a specialist for an accurate diagnosis and timely and correct treatment.
Sore throat when swallowing is the most common symptom of colds and signals the development of the inflammatory process.
The organs of the company, the throat, and the nose are closely intertwined, and the development of the inflammatory process in one focus rather quickly passes to the whole group of organs. This is facilitated by the union of the oropharynx and nasopharynx with the help of the pharyngeal ring, which acts as the main immune organ.
Pain in the throat, giving the side of the ears, can be caused not only by inflammation, but also the development of an infectious process.
Diseases with sore throat, giving to the ears:
- Infectious diseases: diphtheria, chickenpox, scarlet fever, measles.
- These diseases have different etiologies, so the clinical picture may vary significantly.
Otitis is characterized by the development of an inflammatory process in the middle ear, as a rule, otitis involves a sore throat and ear on one side. Otitis can occur in several forms:
- Sharp. The disease begins with the appearance of acute pain in the area of one ear, the spread of the process to nearby tissues leads to a feeling of discomfort when swallowing. In the absence of timely treatment, it can turn into subacute, chronic or purulent forms.
- Subacute. It has no clear boundaries, easily flows into an acute or chronic course. An increase in temperature in this case is not observed or insignificantly differs from the normal one.
- Chronic. In this case, the temperature rises above normal only in the evening or does not rise at all. The patient complains of weakness, pain when swallowing, which give to the ear.
- Purulent. The most dangerous form, can lead to partial or complete loss of hearing. Purulent form is accompanied by acute pain with fever.
This disease is most often the reason that the throat hurts when swallowing, gives to the ears, but there is no temperature.
The cause of pain in the ear in this case is inflammation of the Eustachian tubes. The Eustachian tube is involved in the process of inflammation in diseases of the throat: sore throats, pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc. The swelling of the inflamed tissues causes the Eustachian tubes to squeeze. Because of this, the patient begins to be disturbed by a sore throat, which, when swallowed, gives to the ear.
In this case, ear pain is not the main symptom of the disease, and a rise in temperature is observed depending on the course of the inflammatory process in the throat.
In this case, the disease is accompanied by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharyngeal cavity, which easily spreads to the organs of hearing.
Usually pharyngitis is not accompanied by fever, a slight increase in body temperature can be noted. Acute pharyngitis can cause a sharp and prolonged rise in temperature, general weakness and depression of the body.
Inflammation in the mucous membrane of the pharynx causes irritation of the nerve endings that lead to a reflex cough. Cough irritates the pharyngeal cavity even more, which leads to painful sensations in the throat, which can give to the ear. At the same time, painful sensations during swallowing spread to both ears simultaneously.
Another common disease that is accompanied by an inflammatory process in the tonsils.
The chronic form of tonsillitis is accompanied by periodic remissions of the disease, associated with a decrease in body resistance. In this case, the pathogens are constantly in the crypts and on the surface of the tonsils. Reduced immunity and stress lead to the fact that the body is not able to suppress the growth of microbes. The disease is accompanied by a sore throat and can give to the ears.
Acute forms of tonsillitis pass with a high fever.
The development and intensity of the disease largely depends on the aggressiveness of the pathogen. As a rule, it is accompanied by fever, but in rare cases, painful sensations in the throat, radiating to the ears when swallowing, pass without an obvious increase in body temperature.
This disease is most common in children and is accompanied by fever. The clinical picture of an infectious disease depends on the pathogen itself and may differ depending on the age of the patient.
A sore throat, which gives when swallowing in the ear and flows without increasing the temperature of the body, should be taken seriously. Hearing aid tissues are very sensitive and the most innocent infection can cause the development of irreversible processes in them. As a result, hearing may be lost permanently.
Sore throat, extending to the ear or ears at normal body temperature does not mean that there is no reason to worry. In some cases, the body does not respond by increasing temperature to the development of the pathological process in the pharynx, and the organs of hearing are already involved in it.
When the first signs of hearing impairment appear, it is recommended to seek help from an otolaryngologist, it is almost impossible to independently determine the cause of the pain and make an accurate diagnosis. Using a mirror, a specialist will assess the state of the patient’s pharynx, determine the involvement of other organs in the process and the severity of the disease.
Treatment should begin immediately after the first symptoms, it will help stop the development of the process and avoid possible complications.
For the appointment of the correct treatment regimen, it is necessary to have an accurate diagnosis, and the effectiveness of therapeutic measures will depend on this. Improperly prescribed treatment can aggravate the course of the disease and lead to the fact that getting rid of the problem will become much more difficult.
Rinse. The effectiveness of rinsing in diseases of the throat due to the fact that on the surface of the mucous membrane involved in the inflammatory process, a large amount of mucus accumulates. Mucus contains dead cells of microorganisms, which lead to additional irritation of the pharynx.
Rinsing is recommended to be carried out several times a day; for this, folk remedies and traditional medical preparations may be suitable. With the help of rinsing, the mucous membrane is cleared of pathogens of the disease, the strokes are released.
Often it is the accumulation of a large amount of mucus becomes the cause of laying the ears or discomfort in them.
As solutions for gargling at home, suitable salt, baking soda, iodine. From medical preparations for rinsing solutions suitable Chlorfillipta and Chlorhexidine. Medicinal herbs relieve inflammation in the throat well; for this, chamomile, sage, eucalyptus, etc. can be brewed.
Before rinsing, it is necessary to clean the oral cavity with toothpaste. Rinsing is carried out for 5-7 minutes, after which it is not recommended to eat.
Nasal wash. The nose is washed with saline or vasoconstrictor agents. This will reduce the swelling of the nasopharyngeal cavity and reduce pain in it.
Oral irrigation with antiseptic solutions. Irritated mucosa has microscopic lesions, which are easily penetrated by microorganisms living on it. This leads to aggravation of the patient. The use of aerosol antiseptics has a detrimental effect on microorganisms, which allows to reduce the intensity of the course of the disease.
Antihistamines. Accepted in the form of tablets, reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane. This reduces the pressure on the auditory tubes and relieves pain in the ear. Antiallergic therapy should only be carried out under the supervision of a specialist.
Antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Appointed by a doctor after diagnosis and determining the nature of the pathogen.
Diet. For diseases of the throat, it is necessary to refuse to take hard, spicy, hot or cold food. These products irritate the mucous membrane and aggravate the course of the inflammatory process.
It is recommended to eat liquid, warm food. To soften the mucous membrane of the throat should take a warm drink with an interval of several hours.
Maintaining body resistance. It is difficult for a weakened body to fight pathogens; to maintain it, it is recommended to take immunostimulating preparations and vitamins.
Peace and warmth. Stress and hypothermia adversely affect health, for a speedy recovery, the patient must avoid hypothermia and adhere to the normal mode.
A sore throat that radiates to the ear is a symptom of the initial stage of a serious illness that can lead to complete or partial hearing loss. At the first signs of damage to the hearing organs, you should immediately consult a doctor.