What is the radiography of the stomach and duodenum 12?
This type of x-ray is a beam study of the upper digestive tract (stomach, duodenum), conducted using contrast. The method allows to identify a serious pathology, provided that the pathological focus is in the field of view of the device. When abnormalities are detected on radiographs, endoscopic examination with the possibility of taking a biopsy is necessary.
In which cases prescribe an x-ray of the stomach and duodenum?
The study is prescribed by general practitioners, gastroenterologists and surgeons in case of suspected peptic ulcer or neoplasm of the stomach or duodenum. Based on X-ray, it is also possible to diagnose hernia of the esophageal orifice of the diaphragm, narrowing of the output section of the stomach (stenosis), deformity of the duodenum in its bulbous part. This study is conducted if patients complain of belching, heartburn, nausea and vomiting immediately after a meal or after some time. They may have pain in the upper abdomen, usually associated with a feeling of hunger. With the saturation of pain pass. Exacerbations of the disease often have autumn-spring seasonality.Where can I do a X-ray of the stomach and duodenum?
The study is available and widely used in outpatient and inpatient-type health care facilities: hospitals, hospitals, and consultative diagnostic centers. Radiography requires appropriate equipment and competent qualified specialists.
How to prepare for the x-ray of the stomach and duodenum?
The study should come on an empty stomach. Your doctor will tell you if you need to cancel your medications that stimulate the motility of the digestive tube or relieve spasm. Within a few days before the procedure should not drink alcohol, smoke. In case of excessive gas formation, dairy products, fresh bread, pastries, legumes, cabbage should be excluded from the diet.
How is the x-ray of the stomach and duodenum 12?
First, the laboratory technician performs a radiography of the abdominal organs in a direct projection in the standing position. This allows you to identify acute surgical pathology: rupture of a hollow organ, bleeding, acute intestinal obstruction. Then the patient is allowed to drink a glass of barium suspension. The mixture of consistency resembles sour cream and has a characteristic taste of lime. Usually lemon citrus is added to the mixture, which allows you to distribute the contrast over the entire volume of the stomach. After that, the x-ray laboratory technician conducts a series of x-rays in various projections (straight, side, oblique). The position of the patient’s body changes during the study: standing, lying down and with a raised leg end of the table. After the procedure, abundant drinking is shown – this will help to quickly remove barium from the body.
When is radiography contraindicated?
Because of the significant radiation exposure, it is not necessary to conduct a study for pregnant women and young children. With intestinal perforation or acute obstruction, the use of barium suspension can aggravate the situation.
How is the conclusion interpreted?
Normally, in radiography of the stomach, its walls look smooth and even, with no filling defects and no pathological outgrowths. Barium suspension partially settles on the folds of the mucous membrane, contouring them. When a neoplasm or flattening of the mucous membrane relief is detected in the form of a platform without folds, the doctor makes a conclusion about the pathological process in the stomach or adjacent organ. Endoscopy helps to establish the process structure in detail.
Contrast should be easily into the duodenum. When the stenosis of the outlet barium is retained for a long time in the stomach. The normal duodenum is covered from the inside by mucosal folds arranged in a circle. Defects of filling, deformation, pathological processes are symptoms of intestinal pathology.
The radiologist reflects all the changes revealed in the pictures in the conclusion, with which one should go to the doctor who sent him for this examination.
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