Arterial hypertension is a pathology that requires regular monitoring and regular medication. Many patients noted a positive result after the use of the drug Tenoric from pressure, which combines a double effect.
Mechanism of action
The combined drug has a long antihypertensive effect due to the active ingredients in the composition. Atenolol is a cardioselective β1-adrenergic blocker and does not have membrane-stabilizing, sympathomimetic activity. Under its action, the number of contractions of the heart muscle decreases and the excitability decreases. Indicators of upper (systolic) and lower (diastolic) pressure return to normal.
Chlorthalidone is a monosulfamyl (thiazide-like) diuretic that removes sodium, magnesium, and water from the body, which helps lower blood pressure. The disadvantage of the component is that it decreases the level of potassium necessary for the heart to work. Antihypertensive effect increases over 3-4 weeks.
A positive result of therapy is achieved precisely with the combination of the active substances of the drug – atenolol and chlorthalidone. The drug Tenoric (pills from pressure) retains its effect throughout the day after taking one dose. The duration of the course of treatment is determined by the doctor and depends on the degree of hypertension.
Tenoric: indications for use of the drug
This tool is prescribed for the treatment of one disease – arterial hypertension. The combination of components allows patients with tachycardia and heart rhythm disorders to take it. The pressure decreases gradually under the action of the drug to normal (working) indicators, thus avoiding dizziness.
Causes of high blood pressure (arterial hypertension)
Cardiovascular diseases rank first among the causes of mortality. These include hypertension, occurring most often in patients older than 40 years. In the first stages, when the pathology is only in its infancy, the symptoms practically do not manifest, and mild malaise, headache, dizziness are often attributed to the banal fatigue of the body.
The main causes of hypertension include:
- Disorders in the endocrine system.
- Disturbed metabolism in the body.
- Increased cholesterol.
- Overweight, obesity.
- Bad habits (especially smoking).
- Inactive lifestyle.
- Regular consumption of junk food.
- Genetic predisposition.
Depending on the stage of hypertension, the attending physician must select medications that will help keep blood pressure at the right level. For treatment of 1 and 2 degrees, Tenoric may be prescribed, the price of which depends on the dosage of the active ingredients. It should be borne in mind that for a positive result, it is necessary to radically change the diet, the usual way of life and constantly monitor the pressure indicators.
Dosage and method of use
Tenoric tablets can contain 50 or 100 mg of active substances. At the beginning of the course of therapy prescribed a minimum single dose of the drug – 50 mg per day. The best effect is achieved when taking 100 mg. Blood pressure should be monitored for several days, and if the drug treatment has no effect, it is replaced with another hypertensive agent. Increasing the daily dose (more than 100 mg) does not lead to a further decrease in pressure, therefore, additional drugs are often prescribed.
Elderly patients need to take the medicine Tenoric in a lower dosage. For people with renal insufficiency, the interval between doses of the drug is increased. “Tenoric” is drunk at the same time (preferably in the morning) with a small amount of water. The drug is intended for long-term use and should not be used if necessary to stop the attack of hypertension.
Features of use
If a hypertensive drug is prescribed to persons with concomitant diseases, special attention should be paid to well-being after taking the medication. Tenoric for pressure is used with caution in case of bronchial diseases (β2-adrenostimulants are also prescribed), heart failure, and diabetes mellitus. For patients with pheochromocytoma, the drug is used in combination with alpha-adrenoreceptor blockers to prevent the development of a hypertensive crisis.
It is forbidden to drink alcohol during treatment with Tenoric. Indications for use (according to the instructions) allow to use it during pregnancy under the strict supervision of the attending physician. The course of therapy must be discontinued before surgery (48 hours).
Long-term use of the drug should not be abruptly interrupted, so as not to cause withdrawal syndrome, especially in the presence of coronary heart disease (fraught with the development of a heart attack). Tenoric reduces glucose tolerance.
Contraindications for appointment
There are a number of contraindications that prohibit the use of Tenoric. The use of the drug for the treatment of hypertension is unacceptable if the patient has the following diagnoses in history:
- Severe bradycardia.
- Hypotension (low blood pressure).
- Metabolic acidosis.
- Obstructive bronchitis.
- Bronchial asthma.
- Acute heart failure.
- Acute hepatic or renal failure.
- Vasospastic stenocardia.
- Chronic heart failure.
- AV blockade 1 and 3 degrees.
- Violations of water and electrolyte balance.
- Pregnancy (if absolutely necessary) and lactation.
- Age up to 18 years.
- Individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Drug Tenoric from the pressure can be prescribed exclusively by a doctor in order to prevent the negative effects of self-medication.
Increasing the recommended daily dose of the drug can cause a number of undesirable symptoms indicating an overdose. With the appearance of arterial hypotension, bronchospasms, bradycardia, acute heart failure, seizures, loss of consciousness, vomiting, an urgent need to seek medical help. A patient with similar signs of drug overdose relies on hospitalization and constant supervision by doctors.
Interaction Tenorica with other drugs
Funds from the group of β1-adrenergic blockers with caution used in the treatment of antiarrhythmic drugs of the first class, so as not to provoke an increase in cardiodepressive action.
ACE inhibitors should not be taken with the drug Tenoric. Reviews of patients and doctors suggest that in such a duet anti-hypotensive effect is enhanced. An increase in blood pressure may occur when taking Tenorica and adrenaline (norepinephrine). Do not combine β1-blockers with MAO inhibitors (there is a risk of increased pressure).
Reception Tenorica, as well as any other means from this group, must be stopped a few days before the end of the use of clonidine. It is not advisable to use preparations that contain lithium in combination with diuretics (the renal clearance of the element is reduced).
Pick up a complex of drugs for the treatment of hypertension can only be a doctor, who will take into account the interaction of drugs and their tolerance to a single patient. Self-treatment or will not bring results, or lead to a deterioration of health.
The drug Tenoric practically does not cause side effects, if the dosage and recommendations for use are observed. In rare cases, some complications may occur:
Finding side effects, you need to consult a specialist. The drug for regulating blood pressure Tenoric, patient reviews of which are mostly positive, has a good therapeutic effect. After the course of treatment, the pressure indicators remain within the normal range for 2–3 months.
The tool can be replaced by drugs that have a similar effect and have the same active components in the composition. Tenoric (price per package in the dosage of 50 mg – 150–190 rubles) made in India is one of the available antihypertensive drugs. To cheap analogues can be attributed to Tenonorm, Tenorox, Atenolol Compositum Sandoz.
Another substitute – Tenoretik – a drug made in England. It differs only in its higher cost (600–750 rubles per package in the dosage of active substances 100/25 mg). The instructions for use described similar properties of the drug, possible side effects and contraindications to the use.
Prevention of hypertension
The first thing you should pay attention to hypertension, is nutrition. Harmful animal fats, sweets, alcohol, strong coffee and tea should be completely excluded from the diet. The advantage is given to fruits, vegetables, fish, cereals, dairy products, vitamins and minerals. To clear the vessels of excess cholesterol, you can use drugs and recipes of traditional medicine (in any case, you should consult a doctor).
When taking medications (for example, Tenoric) for pressure, it is important to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. If possible, more time should be spent outdoors, doing simple exercises without heavy physical exertion, breathing exercises.