A disease such as hypertension can cause heart attacks and strokes. What to do if the pressure increased, you need to know each person in order to avoid irreversible consequences.
Increased pressure, according to statistics, is the problem of 1/3 of the population. To normalize it, you can use medicinal and non-medicinal drugs, and you should also pay attention to some of the recommendations of doctors.
If the pressure has risen sharply, then experts recommend taking the following measures:
- 1. Gradually reduce blood pressure (25-30 mm Hg in one hour).
- 2. Eliminate arrhythmia and restore normal heart function.
- 3. To prevent the agitation of a psychomotor nature.
- 4. To establish the reasons for which increased blood pressure.
In hypertensive crisis, an important point is the timely identification of its symptoms. In this state, a person often begins to panic, which leads to a deterioration of the general condition. Therefore, the first thing you need to calm the patient. The next step is to call the ambulance and measure blood pressure.
While the ambulance is on the way, the patient should be given first aid. To do this, you can follow this advice. First, you should relax and for 3 minutes try to hold your breath while exhaling for 10 seconds. This method reduces the heart rate, can affect the decrease in pressure by 20-30 mm of mercury column. However, this technique is not always effective. Then you should try other ways.
An important role is played by the position in which the patient is. The most optimal for increasing blood pressure is posture half-sitting in bed. A warm heating pad attached to the legs can improve well-being. In addition, you can make a hot foot bath or put mustard plasters on your shins.
Independent use of medications is allowed only if they are prescribed by a doctor and are taken regularly. Drinking pills or other medicines that someone of your friends advised is strictly prohibited. The most common means to reduce blood pressure are tincture of motherwort, hawthorn, valerian, as well as drugs Valocordin and Corvalol. If the pressure increases pain in the chest zone, it is advisable to take a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue.
Eating any foods is not allowed. When there are severe headaches, you need to take a diuretic drug, if it has already been prescribed by a specialist before.
When the pressure often rises, you can try to be treated by folk methods.
Some of them are quite effective, but may have side effects and contraindications. Therefore, before trying a particular method, you need to contact a specialist for advice.
One of the healing remedies are hips and hawthorn. These plants are quite common, so you can grow them yourself or buy almost any pharmacy. The fruits of these shrubs well stimulate the heart. They can be used both in the complex and separately. They help to reduce diastolic pressure. Such an action is associated with the ability of the fetuses to stabilize the work of the heart muscle, improve blood flow and remove unnecessary formations in the arteries.
Very good for hypertension help plants such as stevia, flax seed, valerian. In addition to the normalization of pressure, stevia also reduces the level of sugar, so it can safely be taken by patients suffering from diabetes. Viburnum berries also have beneficial properties. Daily hypertensives should eat about 10 berries of viburnum.
If the pressure rises, you can brew green tea or karkade tea. The constant use of these teas helps to increase blood flow to the tissues and serves as an excellent prevention of vascular atherosclerosis. With regular use of teas possible complete rejection of drugs.
Among the popular methods for elevated blood pressure are acetic lotions. This method consists in that a piece of cloth or gauze is moistened with apple cider vinegar and applied to the heels for 5-10 minutes. In the absence of apple cider vinegar, you can use the essence, previously half-diluted with water. You can moisten with vinegar and socks. This compress is carefully wrapped. Applying this method, you need to know that vinegar can dramatically reduce blood pressure, which may adversely affect the human condition. Therefore, making acetic lotions, you should constantly monitor the indicators of pressure.
Non-traditional methods include acupuncture, which involves the impact on acupuncture points. One of these points is under the earlobe. By drawing from it an imaginary line to the middle of the clavicle, we get a vertical line. Along this line it is necessary to perform stroking with finger pads in the direction from the bottom up. The described actions should be repeated 10 times on one and the other side.
If the pressure jumped, you can try to influence the point, which is located 0.5 cm from the ear closer to the nose. With a strong but painless pressure, this point is recommended to massage for 1 minute.
A repeated increase in blood pressure suggests that you need to see a doctor and, most likely, to reconsider your lifestyle. Perhaps the cardiologist will prescribe medications that need to be taken continuously. However, even in this case, regular visits to the doctor are necessary. This is due to the fact that, given the course of the disease, treatment may be adjusted.
As for the way of life, it will be necessary to revise your diet, exercise and give up bad habits.
Blood pressure may be increased due to certain foods. Therefore, to normalize it, the following rules should be followed:
- 1. Reduce the number of receptions of meat to 1-2 times a week. It is desirable to replace food of animal origin with seafood, dairy products, fish.
- 2. For cooking use sunflower and olive oil. This is due to the properties of animal fats to the formation of cholesterol plaques in the vessels. Vegetable oils, however, contribute to their purification.
- 3. Increase the consumption of complex carbohydrates and reduce the number of simple ones. Products containing complex carbohydrates include apples, plums, pears, cherry plums, legumes, etc.
- 4. Reducing the amount of sugar and salt consumed. For this purpose, product data substitutes can be used.
- 5. Limit caffeine and alcohol intake.
- 6. On the recommendation of a specialist, you can use special food additives.
In addition, exercise is recommended if there is a problem of hypertension. Motor activity is an important condition for the well-being of hypertensive patients. The most ordinary walks in the fresh air, minor physical exertion throughout the day will help strengthen the heart and improve the overall condition. However, such loads should be moderate. It is also forbidden to do exercises that involve lifting a lot of weight.
It is proved that blood pressure can rise in various stressful situations. Therefore, you should avoid shocks, troubles, crises as much as possible. You can try yoga or meditation. Regular classes can give pretty good results.
If blood pressure increases, perhaps this is a consequence of constant lack of sleep. In this case, you need to establish a night’s sleep, the duration of which should be at least 5-6 hours a day.
There are many cases where the pressure was raised due to the presence of excess weight. Therefore, when such a problem exists, you should try to lose those extra pounds.
So, hypertension is a serious disease, the neglect of which can lead to serious consequences. However, if you follow the recommendations of a specialist and adhere to certain rules, you can maintain a normal work of your body and live a normal life.