The appearance of vaginal mucus with an unpleasant odor is a frequent symptom of gynecological disease. Therefore, the discharge with the smell of women, should serve as a reason to visit the gynecologist. But since the concept of “unpleasant sexual secretion” is different for each person, before making an appointment to see a doctor, it is worth knowing which flavors belong to the normal variants and which are considered a sign of pathology.
Determination of norms and deviations from it
Vaginal discharge – the main product of the glands, as well as a set of dead skin cells and cervical fluid secreted by the cervix. The nature of mucus is determined by the organs that produce it, as well as by the sex hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Vaginal secretions and microflora are closely related. They are individual, and therefore the smell of each of the representatives of the weaker sex is different, special. He is almost elusive, but there is.
Normally, the vaginal mucus should be light, slightly turbid or transparent, free from impurities and aroma, moderate in volume, not accompanied by discomfort and pain. In different phases of the menstrual cycle, the characteristics of the discharge change. For example, after menstruation and during ovulation, they are thicker by consistency, have a sour smell and a yellowish tint.
If white, yellow, green, cheesy, frothy, clear discharge with odor, rotten, fish, onion, or milk has appeared, then we are talking about pathologies and gynecological diseases.
Why does a symptom appear
Vaginal discharge with odor most often results from the addition of pathogenic microbes, which, getting into the normal microflora of the intimate zone, secrete the products of their vital activity – a specific fragrance. Infections, fungi and viruses that provoke gynecological diseases, develop inflammatory processes, which causes their symptoms. Each disease has its own, but a common feature is the secretion with the scent.
Sometimes the causes of discharge with an unpleasant odor in women are associated with disruption of the immune, glandular system, metabolism, hormonal imbalance, stress, disruption of the vaginal microflora, taking antibiotics and contraceptives. These disorders explain the unpleasant aroma of mucus in a girl who does not yet lead an intimate life, therefore the probability of contracting sexually transmitted diseases is excluded.
An unpleasant odor of discharge can appear during menopause, when estrogen levels are low.
Odor discharge with female gynecological diseases
Each disease can be identified by the specifics of the aroma and associated symptoms.
Discharges with the smell of fish mean dysbacteriosis or bacterial vaginosis, in which the normal ratio of various types of microorganisms in the vaginal environment changes: opportunistic start to prevail, and the amount of lactic acid decreases. Acidity of mucus decreases. This disease is not infectious and inflammatory. In the initial stage, it is asymptomatic, but after 7–10 days a secret with a rotten fragrance arises, which increases after coitus. This is accompanied by itching, burning of the mucous membrane and grayish color of secretion.
So can gardnerellosis stink – an inflammatory process caused by the bacteria gardnerell. It denotes the rotten secret of a rather dirty white color. Symptoms are completely similar.
Garlic or onion
If the discharge smells like onions or garlic, then the reason for this may be immunodeficiency, metabolic disorders, antibiotics, and even excessive consumption of these vegetables with food. Of its pathologies, inflammation of the uterus, vaginal dysbacteriosis and thrush can be provoked. The most common is thick muddy mucus, which has a yellowish or greenish tint. The fragrance becomes saturated after sexual contact. Periodically disturbed itching and burning.
The sour smell of discharge in women speaks of candidiasis, an infection triggered by fungal spores of the Candida family, commonly referred to as thrush in everyday life. Cheesy discharge of white color with an unpleasant smell, similar to cottage cheese, often cause itching or burning in the vagina.
The disease is sexually transmitted, and can also be formed due to a violation of the bacterial balance in the vaginal environment under the influence of emotional turmoil, weak immunity and antibiotics. Thrush can be accompanied by moderate and strong secretions with a rather unpleasant smell of sour milk and minor grains.
A light sour taint is often a normal sign of a particular day of the menstrual cycle: ovulation or after menstruation.
If the discharge smell of iron, then this indicates the presence of blood in them. Such a sign appears during menstruation and in the presence of erosion or ectopia of the cervix.
With cervical ectopia, bloody mucous or watery secretion with such fragrance is often indicated during or after intercourse. Sometimes it hurts lower abdomen. If you find such signs immediately visit a gynecologist to exclude the development of tumors and oncology.
Ammonia and acetone
Discharges with a strong smell of ammonia occur against the background of involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder during actions that cause pressure inside the peritoneum: laughter, coughing, sneezing or just physical exertion. This happens on the background of emotional stress, overweight. The ammonia odor is often exuded due to a lack of fluid in the body, which makes the urine more concentrated, giving the described characteristic of mucus.
It also happens that the secretion smells like acetone. This is a clear sign of diabetes mellitus, in which ketone bodies accumulate in the tissues, which causes such a sign. The reason for this phenomenon may be a metabolic or protein diet. It is necessary to consult with the endocrinologist.
Rot and vinegar
This symptom may indicate rotting of the tissues of the genital organs during ectopic pregnancy, inflammation of the ovaries, the presence of uterine fibroids and STDs.
Trichomoniasis is an infectious venereal disease characterized by the production of frothy, liquid secretions with the smell of yellow or green rot. Its symptoms include itching, as well as pain during intimate contact and urination. Bleachers thawed with vinegar are the result of irregular hygiene.
It should be noted that at the beginning of pregnancy, fundamental changes, including hormonal changes, begin in the reproductive system. Hormones themselves can change the color of the secret and its flavor. As well as the protective function of the body at this stage is reduced for the sake of preserving the fetus and eliminating its rejection by the immune system. In the early stages of the gestation period, the organism is easily attacked by pathogenic microorganisms, and often chronic chronic diseases are exacerbated.
Leaky amniotic water may smell bad. In this case, abundant discharge with an unpleasant sweet smell is indicated. If fluid flows continuously, consult a doctor promptly. Most often this happens in the last trimester. When this happened closer to the established time of appearance of the baby, this may indicate the onset of labor.
Bleeding with a putrid odor signals possible fetal death. In this case, an abortion will be urgently performed to prevent infection.
If lochia gives pus, and with it pulls the lower abdomen, then it is a postpartum complication. This condition is especially dangerous after cesarean section. Find out in our article, how much are the selection after cesarean section.
If a woman has a delay and her vaginal secret smells unpleasant, then it is assumed not only pregnancy, but also possible gynecological pathologies.
Specific sometimes give the allocation after installing the pessary as a result of the body’s struggle with a foreign body.
How to get rid of a symptom
How to treat the discharge with an unpleasant smell in women? Therapy is carried out only under the supervision of a physician. The choice of drugs depends on the nature of the pathology and the stage of the disease.
- In case of infectious ailments, only medical intervention helps, sometimes even with antibiotics. It is preceded by a material sampling (swab) for microscopic analysis.
- You can get rid of minor inflammatory processes or thrush with the help of candles, creams, tablets.
- Some pathologies get rid of in a non-drug way. If the blood odor is due to the presence of cervical erosion, then it is “cauterized”.
- Physiotherapy procedures eliminates many ailments of the genital area. Doctors recommend douching: prescribe solutions containing antiseptics and antimicrobials. But such procedures are prohibited in adnexitis, parametrize and pregnancy.
- You can use folk remedies. Women use tampons soaked in decoction of herbs and make trays with medicinal charges.
Mandatory condition for effective treatment is sexual abstinence.
Recommendations for the prevention of the above violations:
- Do not stick to strict diets.
- Maintain regular hygiene intimate places. Rinse more often, especially in the hot season.
- Daily use of pads is acceptable, but they need to be changed often enough (every two hours) to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria on the surface.
- Purchase only high-quality products for the care of the intimate area – without dyes and flavors. Pay attention to the presence of notes on the maintenance of ph-balance.
- Protect if you do not have a regular partner.
- Wear natural underwear comfortable style, at least at home.
Smelly vaginal discharge is a common phenomenon that is often discussed on forums. There you can find reviews of women about this problem and the answers of competent specialists. Such a symptom is characteristic of many ailments, but each has its own healing tactic. Therefore, at the first pathological signs of secretion and discomfort, do not self-medicate, but consult your doctor.