Features of the structure and functioning of the urogenital system in women leads to the emergence of an increased risk of developing inflammatory diseases. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the surface of the bladder is fraught with not only a complex of unpleasant symptoms, but also the development of more serious diseases. Baths with cystitis are able to minimize the manifestations of the disease and, when used in combination with medication, speed up the healing process.
Features of the development of cystitis in women
Pathogenic microorganisms are always present on the mucous surfaces of various organs, but the natural protective microflora is able to suppress the vital processes of bacteria, preventing their further reproduction. Disruption of the body’s immune responses leads to the development of inflammatory diseases, regardless of the nature of the development of the disease and the ways of infection.
In a healthy woman’s body, the microbiological background of the urethra and the vagina is in a “sterile” state, and even microorganisms that get there, due to the proximity of the anus or due to sexual intercourse, are quickly destroyed.
A violation of the immune properties of a woman’s body can be triggered by:
- circulatory disorders in the pelvic organs;
- hormonal disorders;
- various avitaminosis.
Symptoms of cystitis
Manifestations of cystitis in women are identical to its manifestations in men and depend on the degree of development of the disease. In the acute form of the disease, note:
- acute pain accompanying bladder contraction when urinating;
- feeling unwell;
- frequent urination caused by damage to the bladder surface mucosa;
- reduction of urine during urination (sometimes its complete absence);
Efficacy of cystitis baths
The use of cystitis bath in women rightfully occupies one of the leading places among the methods of local antibacterial treatment:
- the introduction of antibacterial agents in the vagina;
Depending on the remedy used when taking baths, this procedure can have a number of positive effects on the pelvic area as a whole, as well as on the pelvic organs separately. The physiotherapeutic effect of the procedure consists in double impact:
Thermal effect is the favorable effect of high temperatures on the tissues of the pelvic organs:
- increased blood circulation;
- increasing the rate of metabolic processes;
- vasodilator effect;
- antispasmodic effect.
The chemical effect depends on the characteristics of the agent on the basis of which the bath is made. As a rule, it is an antibacterial agent, often used with essential components, the purpose of which is:
- suppression of bacterial background;
- relaxation of smooth muscles;
How to take a bath for cystitis
Cystitis baths are performed in several ways. All of them are equally effective, only the amount of antiseptic solution used and the technique of the procedure differ.
Bath, taken in the pelvis or trough
The advantage of this bath is a smaller volume of antiseptic solution used. The container used in taking physiotherapy should be plastic or enamelled to eliminate unwanted chemical reactions with an antiseptic solution and have a volume sufficient to immerse the woman’s pelvic area to the navel line. A prepared antiseptic solution, heated to a temperature of 40-45ºС, is poured into the pelvis.
Before the procedure, you must:
- perform all hygiene measures;
- prepare fresh underwear;
- large dry towel;
- warm socks.
Socks should be put on their feet in advance and sit in the basin, submerging the hips to the navel in water. From above, to prevent premature cooling, it is necessary to wrap a towel over it, covering its upper body and the heated area. The procedure lasts no more than 20 minutes before the solution begins to cool. At the end of the procedure, you should thoroughly dry off and put on warm clothes. It is advisable to do a bath before bedtime, in order to eliminate the need to go outside.
Physiotherapeutic procedure taken in the bath
From the procedure performed with the help of a small tank, the heating in the bath differs in the volume of the antiseptic solution and the more complete immersion of the body. With this method, water is immersed to the waist, that is, not only the pelvic region, but also the hips and feet. Otherwise, the technique does not differ from the previous method.
Treatment with a steam bath is somewhat different from previous methods. When taking a steam bath, the temperature of the solution should be about 90ºС. The hot solution is poured into a container on which you can sit without touching the hot water, for example, a plastic bucket. Using a towel or blanket, sitting on a bucket, you should wrap up, creating a semblance of a cocoon. The duration of the procedure is 20-30 minutes. In the case of cooling the tank with a solution, you need to add boiling water, bringing the temperature to the original.
Means used for cystitis baths
There is a difference in what antiseptics are used when taking a certain type of bath. For immersion baths, mainly antiseptic and alkaline agents are used:
- potassium permanganate;
- baking soda;
- herbal fees.
For steam bathing at home, herbal preparations are used that contain a large amount of essential oils:
- coniferous broths;
- decoction of chamomile pharmacy;
- decoction of Hypericum or horsetail.
The use of chamomile at physiotherapy is due to its high biological activity. Due to the composition of the essential oil, its use has an equal positive effect in water procedures and steam. In addition to baths, also chamomile douching is effective. On the body, it has the following actions:
To prepare an antiseptic solution, 2-4 tablespoons of dry grass are poured with a liter of boiling water and infused for an hour. Then, the resulting broth is diluted with warm water to the required volume.
Herbal decoctions are prepared according to a similar scheme. As the main ingredient, use herbs containing essential oils and possessing antiseptic properties.
The main therapeutic effect when using soda is achieved by alkalizing the environment in contact with the infected area. Bacteria that infect the urogenital area and cause cystitis are resistant to an acidic environment, but are not able to exist in an alkaline one. In addition to the ability to suppress the viability of bacteria, soda has a calming effect, relieves irritation and pain. The optimal solution concentration is achieved by dilution of 15-20 g. per liter of water.
Potassium permanganate is a dark crystals, well soluble in water. In direct contact with the affected area, it has a pronounced antiseptic, antibacterial and astringent effect. When cystitis is added to aqueous solutions, bringing the concentration to a dark pink color. When douching with potassium permanganate, to prevent dryness or irritation, the solution is made slightly lighter than when taking baths.
An extremely effective antimicrobial and topical antibacterial agent. In direct contact with the contaminated environment, inhibits the growth and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. A distinctive feature of furatsilin from other antimicrobial drugs is the slow development of resistance to bacteria.
Before the procedure, furatsilin dissolved in water at a concentration of 1-3 tablets per liter of water. Its use in the form of steam baths is not advisable due to the absence of volatile compounds in its composition.
Despite the undoubted efficacy and feasibility of using baths for the treatment of cystitis in women, in no case should one refuse to take antibacterial drugs. The use of baths should first of all be considered as an addition to the main treatment or as a means to consolidate the achieved results of treatment and prevent recurrence.