Quite often, a cyst is diagnosed in the glandular organs: the nose, sebaceous and salivary glands, mammary glands, ovaries, prostate and pancreas are subject to the formation of retention cysts. Also in the sinuses can develop a false cyst, germinated from other tissues. A cyst in the nose is a benign formation of the paranasal sinuses. The cyst has thin walls and is filled with liquid contents. The size of the cyst may be small, in this case it almost does not manifest symptoms, or may be large (more than one centimeter), cause pain to the patient, cause a feeling of distention in the nose, dizziness, nausea, disturb the respiratory function of the nose. The otolaryngologist of the Yusupov hospital diagnoses a cyst in the nose, sends the patient to research. How to treat, what to do if a cyst degenerates into a malignant tumor, as the recovery period after surgery goes, the oncologist at the hospital will tell you about the consultation.
Cyst in the nose: symptoms and treatment
The cause of cyst development can be a mechanical injury that caused damage to the nasal mucosa, mucosal edema, an inflammatory process that causes mucus secretion from the glands to break down, and the ducts of the gland become blocked – a cyst is formed. The cause of cyst development can be frequent inflammatory processes in the nose, nasopharynx, allergic reactions, nasal curvature, congenital disruption of the anatomical structure of the organ. Small cysts do not show symptoms and almost do not manifest themselves, with the growth of education appears dryness in the nose, congestion, discomfort and headache. A large cyst can cause very strong headaches, shortness of breath, dizziness, a cyst can deform the bones of the skull, in rare cases develop into a malignant tumor.
If a cyst is found in the nose, treatment depends on the location, size of the formation, associated diseases and the presence of complications. Small cysts that do not cause pain do not interfere with the patient, the doctors do not remove them, but only watch them. Removal of a small cyst is required if the patient has to undergo a dental operation to implant teeth with bone grafting – in this case, the cyst is removed, it worsens the survival rate of the tissue. Large cysts, which cause pressure on the walls of the nasal sinus, irritate the trigeminal nerve, causing severe headaches and dizziness to be removed. In most cases, doctors use surgical treatment, in some cases, use drug treatment to relieve swelling, an allergic reaction, an inflammatory process without removing a cyst.
Removal of a cyst in the nose
Removal of a cyst in the nose is carried out depending on the location of the formation. The most commonly used endoscopic cyst removal method, which does not require the incision of soft tissues, is carried out through an opening in the front wall of the maxillary sinus using an endoscope. Endoscopic surgery can be performed through the fistula of the maxillary sinus, which expands to access education. Removal of a cyst takes place in two stages: first, it is opened, then its shell is removed. More traumatic methods are classic surgery and laser vaporization. Both in the first and in the second case, an incision of soft tissues is required under the upper lip to access the formation.
Cyst in the nose: is it dangerous
The cyst does not cause inflammatory processes, but may contribute to their development. Sinusitis, otitis media and other inflammatory processes can develop in the presence of a nasal cyst. A large cyst can cause severe headaches that significantly reduce the patient’s quality of life. Complicated cyst can cause squeezing of the optic nerve, deformation of the bones of the skull, tissue necrosis, the development of a purulent process and other serious disorders.
Endoscopic removal of a cyst in the nose: cost
Endoscopic surgery is a gentle method for removing a sinus cyst. Endoscopic surgery reduces the risk of bleeding, reduces traumatic effects on tissues, and removes the cyst to a monitor. The surgeon sees the entire path of movement of the instrument to the cyst, observing on the monitor an enlarged image of the cyst, conducts removal of the formation. The rehabilitation process after endoscopic surgery is faster than after the classical surgical method or laser vaporization. A short time after the operation, nasal breathing is restored, headaches disappear.
The cost of endoscopic sinus surgery varies from 19,000 to 60,000 rubles, depending on the pricing policy of the clinic, equipment, and the status of the clinic. The Yusupov Hospital provides diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation services for patients, including those with cancer of the nasal tissues. It offers patients modern equipment, comfortable wards in the 24-hour hospital, rehabilitation clinic, the services of experienced medical staff, doctors.