Sleep breathing during sleep is very dangerous and can lead to hypertension, heart attack or stroke.
Sleep helps the body to rest and reboot, relieves mental stress and includes the recovery processes in the body. But if your sleep is incomplete, you sleep a little and badly, then it threatens to malfunction the body and the emergence of various diseases. Sleep apnea is one of the most serious violations that interferes with the sleep process and can cause other even more serious problems. Snoring is often a precursor to apnea.
Snoring – a formidable forerunner of apnea!
Many of us snore in a dream, but do not attach special importance to this, considering snoring to be a slightly unpleasant, but rather harmless trifle. This may not be very convenient for family members who are forced to listen to the songs of snorers, but they are not at all scary for the singer himself, snoring thinks. But it is not. Snoring can be a signal that you develop a physiological disorder that can lead to a cessation of breathing during sleep – sleep apnea.
What is apnea?
Apnea is respiratory arrest, which can occur for a variety of reasons. If such stops occur in a dream, they talk about sleep apnea. Termination of lung ventilation for more than 10 seconds is considered apnea. For those who suffer from sleep apnea, such stops can last for several minutes and occur 10-15 times within an hour.
Types of apnea
There are central, obstructive and mixed apnea.
Causes central apnea lie in the malfunctioning of the brain. Provoked the appearance of central apnea:
- head injuries
- atrophy of some parts of the brain
- genetic predisposition
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs in violation of the airway.
The most common cause of sleep apnea is mechanical dropping of the walls of the respiratory tract, snoring is a precursor of this. In addition to snorers, fat people are also at risk. Apnea is more common in men than in women.
Single night respiratory arrest may pass unnoticed. But if apnea occurs often enough, then the correct course of sleep is disturbed and apnea syndrome occurs.
Apnea syndrome has the following symptoms:
The above symptoms themselves are not very pleasant and make it clear that apnea is not a harmless anomaly, but a serious disruption in the work of the respiratory system. Constant drowsiness, fatigue and lethargy can provoke the development of depressive states, a breakdown in the immune system and a shift in metabolism. But sleep apnea can lead to other serious disorders. With frequent sleep apnea, the risk of developing hypertension, heart attack and stroke increases dramatically, which in turn can lead to death. Therefore, when you have symptoms characteristic of sleep apnea, you should always consult a somnologist.
One of the most common ways to treat sleep apnea is CPAP therapy. In this case, the person sleeps with a special connected apparatus, which creates a small constant positive pressure in the airways. This ensures air access to the respiratory tract. Such a device not only prevents the next apnea, but also has a positive effect on the muscles of the nasopharynx, restoring their elasticity over time.
Normalization of sleep – the most important task!
Daytime sleepiness may be caused by excessive consumption of fatty foods. At the same time, even those who get enough sleep at night tend to sleep.
Healthy sleep is necessary for each of us, so you should try not to allow violations sleep process and take care of a comfortable sleep environment.
“In Europe, we already understood that many problems can be solved by normalizing sleep. They now pay great attention to creating comfortable places to sleep. There are whole technologies dedicated to sleep protection.
I believe that the first somnologist was Asclepius, who in Greece was elevated to the rank of an ancient Greek god. He treated with sleep. He hospitalized patients and they had 2 weeks of sleep, while water procedures, massages, and sports competitions were also carried out. The man fully rested. And after 2 weeks of rest, many of the problems themselves went away.
If a person gets enough sleep, there is vigor, a feeling of sleep, joy, pleasure from work. “It is believed that success comes to those who get up early. No, success comes to those who get up in a good mood. ” These are the words of the philosopher Marcel Ashar. And I agree with them. I want to add that the one who gets enough sleep rises in good mood , – speaks President of the Ukrainian Association of Sleep Medicine, Associate Professor of the Department of Cardiology and Functional Diagnostics of the NSC Institute of Cardiology.
Let’s remember that a full sleep is a necessary condition for our health and pay due attention to it!