Cough is a reflex act, which is characterized by contraction of the respiratory muscles and a powerful jerk-like release of air from the respiratory tract. It appears when receptors of the trachea, larynx and large bronchi are irritated. The main task of coughing is to clear the airways of mucus, fluid or foreign bodies. It protects the airways. Cough is pathological and physiological. We need a physiological cough every day, it removes phlegm and crumbs that accidentally fall into the wrong throat. Physiological cough periodically recurs, lasts a short time and is not accompanied by colds. A pathological cough occurs when a person falls ill for real. It can be acute – lasts from one to three weeks, protracted – drags on for a month and chronic – stays with a person for more than two months. If the cough sputum is excreted, then it is called wet, if not, then this cough is called dry. Acute cough most often occurs when a person picks up an ARVI, laryngitis, bronchitis or pharyngitis. Such a cough is the most common.
Do antibiotics help?
A cough may appear due to inflammation of the upper respiratory tract or due to excessive strain on the trachea or larynx. It is the result of the vital activity of actively breeding microorganisms that are in the respiratory mucosa. In the event of death, they begin to poison a person with a large amount of toxins in the blood. In order not to suffer, the body begins to fight poisoning and secretes fluid from those cells that are infected by the virus. Excess fluid forms swelling, causing a spasm of the airways. Cough antibiotics do not always help. They are powerless against certain viral diseases and mechanical damage to the throat. Therefore, before you begin treatment, you need to understand what microflora struck the respiratory tract. This is determined very easily by sputum analysis, which is done simultaneously with seeding susceptibility of sputum for antibiotics. Such an analysis will make it possible to draw up the correct treatment regimen and prescribe precisely those antibiotics that really help. If you prescribe antibiotics yourself and use them uncontrollably, the cure will not happen soon, and addiction and dysbiosis will not keep you waiting.
When should I start drinking cough antibiotics?
Antibiotics are drunk for pneumonia, tracheitis, acute or chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis and pleurisy. In acute bronchitis, broad-spectrum antibiotics will not help. To save the patient from such an unpleasant illness, the doctor conducts a comprehensive examination and prescribes targeted drugs. If the cough is not caused by the above listed diseases, it is better to confine yourself to simple antitussive drugs that reduce the cough reflex and facilitate the discharge of sputum. The upper respiratory tract can be mitigated by local preparations: inhalation, rinsing, throat lubrication. Whatever drugs are prescribed, you should definitely drink a lot when you cough. Water removes toxins and helps cure.
If children are ill
It is necessary to treat children with antibiotics very carefully and only after they are prescribed by a doctor. And the trip to the hospital should not be limited to diagnosis and treatment regimen, it is necessary that the doctor constantly monitors the course of the disease until it is completely eliminated. Before you start taking antibiotics, you need to find out if they are allergic. Before the injection, it is necessary to conduct a skin test. It is important to remember that allergies can occur throughout life or be congenital. In order to block a small allergy, along with antibiotics, it is necessary to give the child antihistamines. After the illness has passed, dysbacteriosis is prevented; for this, Linex, Bifidumbacterin or Hilak Forte are drunk.
Self-medication with antibiotics
Some people, rummaging in the first-aid kit, take out old antibiotics from there, and without consulting a doctor they begin to treat themselves for cough. This causes resistance to drugs, does not relieve cough and generates a bunch of incurable diseases that people die every year around the world. The mindless use of antibiotics causes diarrhea, due to which the body loses a large amount of fluid, so necessary to combat cough. All this is very dangerous, so do not leave antibiotics from the previous course in the home medicine cabinet. If they still remain before drinking them, you should consult with your doctor.
It is clear that no one wants to endure a cough. Do not do this. But to be treated with strong drugs without a doctor’s recommendation is wrong. After all, not all antibiotics eliminate cough. The common cold, which is accompanied by coughing, is a vigorous activity of microorganisms that multiply and release waste products.
What part of the respiratory tract suffers the most?
The larynx separates the food and respiratory tracts, it always takes the first blow when exposed to hot and cold air, cigarette smoke, dust, toxic substances, and so on. Inflammation of this organ leads to cough, dysphonia and other unpleasant diseases. The inflammatory process that goes on in the larynx is not accompanied by intoxication, because it has very poor circulation. People come to the doctor already with dysphonia.
The disease of the lower respiratory tract is often accompanied by coughing, which injures the vocal cords and negatively affects the laryngeal mucosa. Bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis can infect the larynx through sputum. Inflammatory processes in the larynx damage the ciliated epithelium and impair the transport of mucus. In order to get rid of inflammation, it is necessary to conduct a short and intensive course of treatment. Doctors often prescribe antibiotics.