Corns are divided into two types: dry and wet. Callus refers to the type of dry, it is a solid formation of skin on the sole of the foot or on the toe with a tapered stem inside.
It is possible to soften this formation only with the help of special manipulations. There are several ways to cure, or how to get rid of pith.
Why is formed
The appearance of corn provokes constant walking without shoes, barefoot. Reasons for the formation of a rod under the skin:
- Damage to the skin due to wearing the wrong shoes (this problem is relevant for those who like high heel shoes or wears cramped shoes).
- Wearing coarse or synthetic materials that irritate the skin.
- The action of foreign bodies (splinter sliver, microtrauma small object)
- Viral or fungal infection (developed due to a genetic predisposition to high-speed keratinization of the skin);
- Mechanical stress due to physical work (occurs on the palms or fingers as a result of work without the use of protective equipment) or sports (the reason is the systematic friction of the feet on the materials of sports shoes).
Education in other parts of the body
A hard core under the skin is formed not only on the soles of the feet or hands, but also in other parts of the body. The way a hypodermic rod forms in the groin is preceded by wearing tight underwear, rubbing the groin with clothes of the wrong size.
Women use shaving accessories for hair removal in the bikini area. When using a blunted razor, skin irritation occurs. This leads to inflammations of a different nature and can cause skin lesions to form.
Epilation in the cabin can cause the appearance of the subcutaneous rod. In the groin, the subcutaneous rod looks like a boil or an abscess.
The medical term for corn is hyperkeratosis.
How is formed
Rod natoptysh formed on the sole of the foot, as well as the toes. Especially problematic is hyperkeratosis, which is located between the toes. It is difficult to treat because of inaccessibility.
In the center of the hole is formed, the rod goes deep into the tissue. In the photo you can not see the root, you can see a small hole, and around it redness and dry skin. When pressed on a corn, a person feels pain. There is a desire to pull the foreign body out of the foot to get rid of discomfort, but this is impossible to do.
The mechanism of formation of hyperkeratosis is always the same. First, a growth appears, the skin around it turns red and inflamed. If the mechanical effect on the build-up does not stop, the cornified particles cannot self-exfoliate, the callus grows inside. After ingrowth, the person begins to experience pain with pressure on the base of the corn.
On the sole of the foot, it can appear in any place where regular squeezing of soft tissues occurs. Often natoptysh appear on the heel. On the little finger, they appear from the outside, where the little finger is in contact with shoes. Between the fingers, the natoptysh appears in the places of their friction against each other.
Corn removal options
To get rid of this trouble, there are several options.
Plasters are not used if there are abrasions or cuts near the callus.
The first option is drug treatment. Medication treatment helps if the education has not grown so much. Products that contain salicylic or lactic acid are purchased in pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription. These are creams, ointments, gels. They are used regularly, otherwise the result will not be.
There are patches with salicylic or lactic acid. They are stuck on the problem area for at least a day. Plasters act like a root pulling out.
Removal procedures are carried out in dermatology clinics or beauty salons.
The second option is to delete. This method involves contacting specialists. Apparatus pedicure involves drilling the root after treatment with an antiseptic.
The disadvantage of this method is that after processing the particles can remain in the tissues. Over time, they again form a growth. It is impossible to control the penetration process during drilling; it is impossible to say with confidence that all particles have been removed or not.
Laser removal is the most popular method. It provides for the impact on the problem area with laser beams of one of the two available types. It is safe, not traumatic and effective. This method is used for complex old growths. The advantage of the method is that the impact occurs on a point, healthy skin is not affected.
Laser removal involves the use of a carbon dioxide plant.
The method of freezing or cryotherapy. This method removes the tentacles as well as warts. The main substance of cryotherapy is liquid nitrogen. The method is used when the territory of the spread of corn, exceeds the permissible norms.
The third option is home treatment.
How to get rid of dry calluses on the toes at home? Houses callus steam and self-delete. This process requires patience and endurance. Removal of natoptysh independently carry out only in not hard cases.
The elimination process is divided into 3 stages:
Corn can not be cleaned without prior softening.
Cooked foot baths are suitable for steaming. Options for solutions:
- soap and soda (100 g. of baking soda, 50 g. of crushed soap per 5 l of water);
- mustard powder (2
Legs are kept in a hot solution for 30 minutes, and then proceed to the second stage of treatment. For it use plasters, ointments, gels with special substances. Traditional medicine recommends using the application of onion cakes, raw potatoes or propolis at this stage.
- Onion pulp helps soften the corn. This remedy is used 7-10 days before proceeding with the removal of the sling. Onions are crushed and applied for 20-30 minutes before bedtime.
A slice of lemon, which is applied to the corn, helps to soften and stretch the root.
- Raw potatoes are grated, crushed garlic is added to the mass. Apply for a week to calluses for half an hour. During this period of time, the natoptysh softens to the extent recommended for removal.
Skin softening is the final stage of treatment. After self-removal, it is necessary to take care of adjacent skin areas. For softening, products with basic substances that stimulate tissue regeneration are suitable. Means such as Bepanten, Dex Panthenol.
Many note that the removal of corn during surgery often leads to the fact that after a short period of time it appears again. Folk remedies must be used regularly, the softening of the sling takes a long time.
Such a problem as hyperkeratosis complicates life, it is impossible to get rid of it quickly, besides, it can return after removal. The best result, according to patient reviews, is achieved by using a laser.
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Prevention of the appearance of this problem consists in the selection of commensurate footwear, systematic softening of the legs, timely disposal of dead skin patches of the feet, as well as the use of protective gloves for hands.