Dry corns in the form of compacted skin on the feet are called corns. What are the causes and symptoms of the development of corns, medical and home-made methods of treating such corns, consider in this article.
Usually, the corpus callosum develops in places of prolonged mechanical irritation and pressure on the skin surface of the feet due to impaired blood circulation in these areas and keratinization of their surface layer. The bell beetles are most often formed on the “cushion” at the base of the fingers, causing burning and painful sensations of varying strength while walking.
Tendency to the formation of corns can be a sign of the development of flatfoot, which means the need for consultation of the orthopedist.
Long wearing close and stiff shoes also contributes to the appearance of such corns. Experts recommend to pay attention to the quality of shoe products, the degree of their comfort (matching the size of the foot, the convenience of the pad, not too thin sole), use special pads and insoles when wearing shoes with a heel or high heel.
How to get rid of corns?
You can solve the problem both in the beauty salon and at home. Although in the second case more time and effort will be required.
During a pedicure, dry calluses are removed manually or by hardware. In this case, beauticians use various nozzles for their removal and skin polishing. If the salon procedure is carried out correctly in any of the ways, no painful sensations arise during these areas, either during the process or after it.
To remove the natoptys at home, it is recommended to first make a 30-minute foot bath with the addition of sea salt or soda (to soften the stratum corneum of the skin), then thoroughly rub this place with pumice, and then apply keratolic agent on it. It may be necessary to carry out more than one procedure before the callus disappears completely.
In its composition keratolytic agents usually present salicylic acid, which has anti-inflammatory and disinfecting properties, as well as various active plant extracts. Since the range of these drugs is quite large, it allows you to choose the most effective means specifically for your case.
A keratolic agent can be not only in the form of a cream, but also a patch. The latter should be glued only on the natoptysh itself, fastening it on top with an ordinary plaster. After a few days you can replace the medical patch with a fresh one.
How to remove the bellies at home
Natural remedies recommended by traditional medicine, can also be effective in the fight with corns. Many people prefer to use them, considering them harmless and even useful. In this case we are talking about compresses:
gruel of onion or potato, which is applied to the steamed surface of the skin and left overnight,
from vegetable oil, which is soaked with socks and put them on for a few hours or at night,
from a cut leaf of aloe or crushed celandine, which are also applied to the site with a natoptish for several hours, repeating the procedure over time if necessary.
Symptoms of the development of corns
The first signs are redness and swelling of the foot. Further, other symptoms of the affected area appear:
gray or yellowish color
lack of clear boundaries
rough or vice versa smooth surface with cracks of different depths,
reduced touch sensitivity
pain when walking (more severe with infection of cracks).
Typical causes for the formation of natoptyshy
The most common causes of corns are:
Tight and stiff shoes or high heels, in which the uniform distribution of the load and the normal circulation of blood in certain areas are disturbed, which leads to the formation of compaction of the skin and dry corns.
Excessive sweating, fungus and stress. Metabolic disorders and fungal diseases can cause natopys.
Obesity and diabetes. Excess weight increases the load on the soles of the feet.
Nervous disorders of a different nature.
Professional predisposition (runners, ballerinas).
Flatfoot. Changing the shape of the foot leads to an uneven distribution of the load of body weight. Corns appear in places of greatest load.
Violations of the internal organs.
For example, a dry callus near the little finger of the right leg happens when there is an abnormality in the liver, and on the left one it indicates problems of the cardiovascular system. Bellies on the thumbs can be in violation of the thyroid gland and should serve as a reason to visit the endocrinologist. Corns, located on the lower surface of the heels, indicate problems with the intestines or joints.
In such cases, the use of external funds will not work, and the treatment of the underlying disease will help get rid of corns.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to wear comfortable shoes, keep track of your weight, make softening foot baths, after which lubricate the feet with a suitable cream.
Bearing with a rod
Corns in the form of rough skin areas with a deeply penetrating core (root) – another type of corns, bringing their owners a lot of grief and pain. As a rule, a small compacted area stands out on their surface – the rod of the rod, which increases in size over time, if the treatment is not started in time.
Depending on the cause of occurrence, there are two types of corns with a core.
First view develops due to prolonged pressure on the same skin area. For example, for women wearing high-heeled shoes, this place can be a section near the fingers. Similarly, runners and ballerinas, in whom the main load is regularly tested in certain areas of the foot. And even wearing special shoes does not always help protect these places.
Second kind dry corn with a rod is caused by a skin virus, which is treated with the help of special antimicrobials.
It is usually more difficult to cure tentacles with a rod than ordinary corns because of their deep root. Home treatment can be effective only in less advanced cases. If you can not cope on your own, you should seek help from medical professionals.
The removal of such corns is carried out under sterile conditions in a medical institution in order to exclude the possibility of wound infection after the complete removal of the entire rod. If part of the rod remains inside, then the natoptysh will necessarily appear again in this area.
How to remove a nut with a rod at home
With not deep root ingrowth, you can try to get rid of the corn and at home. To do this, use the following recipes:
Steam your foot in a mustard or soda-soap solution, gently pick up the cap and rod and try to remove them from the soft tissues of the foot. If it is not possible to delete everything completely at once, then after a while it is necessary to repeat the procedure. And so on until you remove the entire root without residue. After each bath, thoroughly lubricate the softened skin of the soles with a cream that has a greasy texture.
Compresses from the bow. Put crushed onion in the form of a slurry on the damaged area, cover with a plaster and leave for a few hours or overnight. After that, try to remove the rod with the cap and lubricate the skin.
You can also soften the skin of the painful area with the help of tolerantly hot prunes cooked in milk.
Compress of lard and chopped garlic has a not very pleasant smell, but it can also help to remove the corn core.
But the surest way to get rid of the problem of chronic corn – an appeal to a qualified specialist in a medical clinic.
Treatment of natoptyshy
The first thing that needs to be done with the appearance of a sling is to eliminate the factor contributing to its appearance (the traumatic effect of hard and cramped shoes, heels, rigid insoles). Change your shoes for a free and comfortable.
If the cause was flatfoot and deformity of the bones, then the orthopedist will advise how to choose the right shoes, insoles insoles, and correct flat feet.
Before removing the natoptysh, the cornified layer is removed, returning the skin to its former softness. For this purpose, a keratolytic cream is used, which is applied to the problem site and sealed with a plaster for several hours. After the softened area is treated with pumice. A few such procedures are enough to restore the elasticity of the skin.
Disease patches, the surface of which contains medicinal ingredients, may also be useful for softening the problem surface.
If there is an inflammatory process on the surface of the skin that causes pain, then a cold compress and medication use (naproxen, aspirin, ibuprofen) will help to alleviate the condition.
Attention: it is strictly not recommended to cut off a callus if there are problems with blood circulation. Let the surgeon do this with all the precautions. After the operation, to reinforce its results, special shoes are selected that limit the patient’s physical activity.
Sometimes a doctor may recommend an X-ray examination of her leg to determine the integrity of her joints and rule out the presence of diseases such as arthritis and gout.
Medical methods for removing paints
To remove dry and old callus from the feet, cosmetologists use:
Drilling With the help of drills with a cross section of different diameters, it is used to remove corns without a root. The procedure is painless and without blood.
Cryotherapy method used to remove corns with a rod. The affected area is treated with liquid nitrogen, which has neither odor nor color. The procedure is quite effective. but can be unpleasant and even painful. After it, careful care of the treated surface is important in order to prevent its infection.
Laser removal – painless and most effective method. Its undoubted advantages are:
harmlessness and bloodlessness of the procedure
does not affect healthy tissue around the affected area,
eliminates the possibility of infection, the development of complications and relapse at the treatment site,
the removal process takes only a few minutes
performed painlessly under local anesthesia
allows you to get on the foot and actively walk immediately after the procedure,
fast recovery (healthy skin is formed very soon at the site of the lesion),
allows you to completely remove the rod in one session.
Prevention: some time after the application of laser therapy, the patient must wear special insoles. In the future, you should wear high-quality and comfortable shoes.
Disadvantage: the cost of the procedure.
Contraindications: this method of corn removal does not apply when:
presence of wounds and lesions on the skin.
Removal of natoptyshey laser is carried out by a physician-podolog who will advise how to avoid a similar problem in the future. In addition, it will be useful to consult an orthopedic surgeon, since the appearance of dry corns is often associated with problems of the musculoskeletal system.
Observing certain rules will help keep your feet healthy for years to come. To further you are not faced with the problem natoptyshey, experts recommend:
When choosing shoes for sports and everyday wear, give preference to high-quality and comfortable to the feet models with a spacious toe.
Use shoes as intended – wear model shoes with a high heel or stiletto at the exit, and for everyday wear choose more comfortable models with or without low heels.
When choosing socks, give preference to natural materials that allow you to breathe and sweat less on your feet.
To reduce the load on the feet, use pads and insoles of soft material (felt, special plastic, silicone, etc.).
Regularly care for your feet with the help of hot baths, softening and nourishing creams, massage treatments. Do not allow the formation of the cornified layer on the soles of the feet, regularly removing it with pumice stone after water procedures.
Observance of these simple rules will keep your feet healthy to a great age.