Constipation, both in adults and in children, occurs most often due to a lack of fluid in the body and an improper diet. It also occurs in other circumstances, such as in diseases of the stomach, liver and digestive system.
- Quick navigation on the article:
- Symptoms of constipation
- Pros and cons of drugs from the pharmacy
- If help is needed quickly
- Causes of constipation
- Help recipes
- Why it is impossible to leave the problem without attention
It is rather difficult to treat permanent constipation, as it most often requires expert advice and a full examination.
After that, the doctor, having collected all the results of the tests and looking at the results of the examinations, will be able to give directions for treatment and prescriptions for the necessary drugs.
Most often, constipation is only a consequence of any cause of illness of the body, and not the disease itself. So that it is necessary to treat not constipation, but to eliminate the cause that caused it.
Of course, for immediate relief from discomfort, it may be necessary to perform some procedures for cleaning the lower intestines. For this usually put an enema. You can also use drugs.
There are various effects and rates of effects of medication for constipation in adults.
At home, without consulting a doctor, it is better not to resort to heavy drugs, they can cause even more discomfort. For example, vomiting or diarrhea.
There are various effects and rates of exposure to constipation in adults. Their list can be very long. We consider the most effective, inexpensive and natural products.
Remember that before taking medication and starting treatment, it is recommended to undergo a full examination and pass the appropriate tests.
Symptoms of constipation
The first signs of constipation can be identified by the following symptoms:
- Going to the toilet less than three times a week.
- Feces in the form of small dry balls.
- Small amount of discharge.
- The process of emptying takes place with great difficulty.
- The following unpleasant sensations are present: abdominal distention, seething, pain, spasms.
If constipation has not yet acquired the character of a constant and painful problem, then it is possible to use herbal remedies for constipation in adults with one-off manifestations.
Their list has been known for a long time and is taken from folk herbalists:
- plantain seeds,
- licorice root powder
- sea kale and preparations based on it,
- rhubarb root
- coriander fruit
- buckthorn fruit,
- yarrow and medicinal fees based on it,
- anise and senna leaves,
- fennel fruit extracts
- tincture of the stalnik,
- Fayberlex, a herbal-based synthetic drug.
Effective medicine for constipation
There are various cures for constipation used to treat adults.
Rapid-acting drugs – act for several hours after taking, may have side effects because they cause an active reaction of the body with a strong and direct effect.
Splits fecal masses, by means of a liquid from them. It is tested and the most secure. Him admission is allowed for children and pregnant women.
Reception is carried out rectally, with the help of microclyster, children and adults over three years old insert the tip at full length, newborns and children up to three years old by half (see the mark on the microclysmic). The only drawback of the drug is its high cost, it can range from 300 rubles per tube in 5 ml.
The drug in the form of tablets. It has a laxative effect, due to sinozidov, which have a direct effect on the mucous receptors inside the colon.
A distinctive, characteristic feature is the design of a normal chair, without the desire for diarrhea during bowel movements. The action takes place ten hours after taking the drug. Contraindicated in children under six years old and pregnant. Unsuitable for permanent use.
The course of treatment is two weeks, after which you should stop taking the drug. If you continue to show signs of constipation, you should consult a doctor. It has side effects. The cost ranges from 450 rubles per pack of 500 tablets.
It is a suppository for rectal administration. Differs in fast action at the expense of active components: escin and glyceride. The effect appears 15 minutes after taking Rektaktiv.
The drug has been tested and approved for use during pregnancy and lactation. It has contraindications for use for people with kidney problems, peritonitis, proctitis, hemorrhoids and other diseases of the internal organs. There are side effects. Before use, consult with your doctor. It is worth the drug from 300 rubles.
Slow action (probiotics) – these drugs act gently on the body, do not directly affect the activity of the rectum and internal organs. Have a cumulative effect. After the adoption may take several weeks to achieve a visible result.
They improve the activity of the digestive system, restore the intestinal microflora. They contain lactulose, a disaccharide consisting of different types of sugars, mainly milk (lactose) and fruit (sucrose). Ideal for children because of the soft and safe impact and pleasant taste.
Reception is also recommended during pregnancy and the elderly.
These are drugs such as:
All these drugs, due to the complex method of their production, can not have a low cost.
If you do not have money for expensive medicines, then much cheaper drugs for constipation in adults can be useful.
Bisacodyl (cost from 50 rubles)
The drug can be in the form of tablets, 5 mg tablets or suspensions. In the package 30 pcs. The composition of the active components has a chemical compound directional. Children are allowed to use from the age of three, pregnant with caution.
It is forbidden to use during breastfeeding, with renal failure and a number of other diseases. There are contraindications and side effects. Before use, consult with your doctor.
Defenorm (cost from 100 rubles)
Has the form in the form of capsules, on 30 pieces. packaged. It is forbidden to apply to older people, pregnant women, during breastfeeding, children under 12 years. It has side effects and contraindications. The composition contains active, chemical components that act directly on intestinal peristalsis.
Usually prescribed 1-2 capsules per day, before meals, for half an hour. When taking the drug should drink more fluids, and you should consult with your doctor.
Pikolaks (cost from 150 rubles)
It has the form of a liquid. It contains sodium picosulfate, which acts directly on mucus. intestinal lining, irritating it, thus stimulating defecation.
Apply as drops, inside. Contraindicated for children and pregnant women during breastfeeding.
It has side effects. Not recommended for long-term daily use. You should consult your doctor before taking this drug.
Caution! These medications have side effects in the form of diarrhea and nausea. May cause vomiting and allergic reactions. Not recommended for pregnant women and children under 12 years.
Pros and cons of drugs from the pharmacy for the treatment of constipation
Usually safe, proven and tested drugs are expensive, and this, theoretically, can be a minus. However, cheap analogues of drugs can be dangerous to health, cause allergies or irritation on the skin, rashes.
They can also cause nausea and vomiting. The advantages of pharmaceutical drugs include the active action of the components, the rapid effect, the safety of using some high-quality drugs.
Note! Before going to the pharmacy with a list of drugs for constipation in adults, you should consult with your doctor, examine the composition of the drug, its side effects and instructions for use.
Some undesirable effects may occur with an overdose of the drug, as well as with its long-term use.
If constipation worries all the time, it is important to treat the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, and not regularly use medicines that also affect health.
Consumption of large amounts of fluid – one of the methods of combating constipation
Do not forget that during treatment should use all available methods of dealing with constipation. Such as the consumption of a large amount of fluid, active exercise, the use of drugs from constipation in adults from the list of herbal, natural products.
Such a complex effect will eliminate constipation much faster and more efficiently. In the case of the presence of symptoms of constipation for a long time, you should cancel the intake of ineffective drugs and consult a doctor. He will prescribe an individual, more effective means, safe for you.
If help is needed quickly
In this case, best use enema. This is the fastest way to clean the rectum. Also the opportunity to use drugs for constipation for adults from the list of rapid exposure above. Do not forget about the popular methods of getting rid of constipation.
Receiving infusions, drinking large amounts of liquid, especially coffee and green tea will help prevent the problem, or cope with its presence.
Receiving infusions, drinking large amounts of liquid, especially coffee and green tea will help prevent the problem, or cope with its presence. Also well suited kefir for the night or a compote of prunes.
Causes of constipation
Constipation can have many causes, such as insufficient fluid intake, impaired metabolism, diseases of internal organs, poor physical activity, sedentary work. Consider these reasons in more detail.
Fatty and dry foods can cause stool retention. Avoid regular use of large quantities of flour products.: pasta, bread, fresh bread.
Eating large amounts of flour products is one of the causes of constipation.
A lack of fluid in the body can also lead to constipation. This happens with improper nutrition. The body can not properly digest food and assimilate it. The process in this case slows down and constipation occurs.
During pregnancy, constipation is not uncommon. This is because the weight of the child weighs on the internal organs, and all processes are disturbed, including the process of assimilation of food. There is an increased load on the liver, and if it does not cope with its tasks, many diseases can occur, including constipation.
Usually this happens only in late pregnancy in the third trimester. Pregnant women are prescribed enemas, herbal tinctures, as well as medications that are safe for the baby and the expectant mother.
Diseases of various origins
Diseases of the kidneys, liver, spleen and other internal organs, including the small pelvis, most often lead to the occurrence of constipation.
When you are worried, the body secretes the stress hormone adrenaline, which, in turn, accelerates the necessary processes in the body and slows down unnecessary ones. The process of defecation in a stressful situation, the body takes as unnecessary and postpones it.
Excitement, stress also lead to constipation.
In a state of great excitement, the instinct of self-preservation works, even if nothing threatens your life, the body will release adrenaline and slow down some natural processes under normal conditions.
With low mobility, problems with constipation may also occur. This is due to the fact that when the pelvis is in a state of constant rest, everything inside stagnates and constipation forms.
therefore for constipation, it is recommended to move more and maintain a mobile lifestyle. Even if you have a sedentary job, you can get up and take a break. Or to do a little warm-up, it helps a lot and, moreover, is useful for the general condition of the body, improves metabolism and general condition.
Especially useful if it is a walk in the fresh air. For example, you can make daily walks in the morning – run or just walk with your dog.
In the case of constipation, it is necessary not only to use medications from the pharmacy, but also popular medications for constipation in adults may be useful. A list of them, with the regular occurrence of a problem, can be kept in a prominent place in the kitchen, because any hostess can find all these products.
Coffee in the morning in a small amount is very useful. But they should not be abused.
In the case of constipation, it is necessary not only to use medications from the pharmacy, but also popular medicines for constipation in adults may be useful.
In order not to experience heaviness in the stomach and other symptoms of constipation during the day, pay attention to the following facts:
- Coffee is useful to drink in the morning in small doses, about 300 g.
- Honey Especially useful for colds accompanied by constipation. Just add to tea or eat on an empty stomach.
- Castor oil – a useful tool. For the prevention of constipation, experts recommend to use 1 teaspoon before breakfast.
- Kefir improves metabolism. It is best to take a glass before bedtime.
- Mineral water, especially local, helpful. You can use it in unlimited quantities. It will not only relieve constipation, but also saturate the body with vitamins and trace elements, as well as improve metabolism.
- Prunes, can be used in any form, as in compote, and together with dried fruits.
- Beet solves the problem, pickled is best suited. It can be used in salads or as a snack. You can cook borsch of raw beets, make a vinaigrette or herring under a fur coat.
- Sauerkraut, Not only useful, but also very tasty, suitable as a side dish for almost any dish. It is easy to buy and can be made at home.
- Raw vegetables and fruits, in unlimited quantities, will benefit the whole body, because they contain useful vitamins
- Apricots Not only useful, but also very tasty. Can be used in the form of dried apricots or cook compote.
Why it is impossible to leave the problem without attention
It is important to know! Constipation can be signs of severe diseases of internal organs, tumors and even cancers. Be attentive to your body and do not neglect your health.
This is especially true if the constipation is constant and has been going on for a long time. In this case, every day to drink pills and do enemas is not a suitable option.
Other adult constipation medications can also be used., from the list of less known, but no less effective: drugs:
- Artificial salt of Karlovy Vary, It looks like powder in sachets, is used inside 1-2
For the prevention of constipation it is enough to drink herbal extracts from time to time or take appropriate preparations. This may be a tincture of the series, plum compotes, or prunes.
Choose a suitable recipe and consume in small quantities every day for two weeks. It can be both herbal preparations and medicines purchased at the pharmacy. The use of both types of treatment is strongly recommended.
Also, do not forget to use more fluid and maintain an active lifestyle. Avoid long sitting position. Examine your doctors regularly and take tests at least once a year.
Note! When constipation plays an important role your attitude towards them. It is very important to treat this phenomenon correctly and understand that regular constipation is not a disease, but a sign pointing to it. It is necessary to immediately consult a doctor, pass all tests and be examined.
It is advisable not to self-medicate, this can lead to serious consequences.
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