Chronic rhinitis treatment forum

Chronic Rhinitis – Forum

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Chronic rhinitis is a process in which there is a periodic inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by specific and non-specific causes. Chronic rhinitis – a complication of the acute form disease or one of the symptoms of other diseases (ARVI, influenza, measles, diphtheria and

Runny nose, or its scientific definition of chronic rhinitis – the most common disease of the upper respiratory tract. No one a person who has never suffered from this disease. In most cases, runny nose begins after hypothermia of the body against the background of a decrease in the body’s immune functions. Bacteria bacteria, taking advantage of a convenient case of reduced immunity, actively reproduce in cavities

Chronic rhinitis has the well-known signs of a cold:

  • nasal congestion
  • nasal discharge
  • sneeze Chronic runny nose begins with an acute course – a general deterioration of a person’s condition against a possible rise in temperature from the head. pain and obstructed nasal breathing occur in less than
  • Chronic rhinitis treatment forum

    It is customary to distinguish the following types of chronic rhinitis:

    • Catarrhal (congestive processes with difficulty breathing, mucosal hyperemia, copious exudate excretion from the nose).
    • Hypertrophic (characterized by hypertrophy of the nasal mucosa, periosteum and bone, which leads to respiratory failure).
    • Atrophic (there is a decrease in the thickness of the nasal mucosa, as well as the secretion of mucus with the formation of dense crusts). Divided into 2 groups – simple atrophic and offensive (ozena) – atrophy nasal mucosa and bone wall, accompanied by the release of mucus, with drying out forming smelly crusts.
    • Vasomotor:
    • allergic (an inflammatory disease that develops due to sensitization of the body with the participation of various allergens);
    • neurovegetative (nasal congestion as a result of disorders of the nervous mechanisms).

    Chronic rhinitis treatment forum

    Most often chronic rhinitis is formed, gradually passing 3 stages of development:

  • The first. Acute phenomena caused by the penetration of microbes or viruses into the nasal cavity or allergic reaction. Burning, itching, sneezing, discharge of mucus. Usually, previous acute incubation period for infectious rhinitis 1-2 days, during which a slight fever, discomfort in the nose.
  • The second. Subacute processes – reducing the volume of discharge, but the increased swelling of the mucous membrane, difficulty breathing.
  • Third. The development of chronic rhinitis, aggravated by the influence of exogenous or endogenous factors.
  • Symptom complex of atrophic rhinitis:

    • dry, itchy nose;
    • feeling of tightness;
    • the appearance of yellow-green crusts, often with an unpleasant odor;
    • frequent bleeding from the nose, especially when touching the crusts;
    • headache;

    Atrophic rhinitis leads to atrophy of the nasal mucosa, its thinning, sometimes – until the cartilage is exposed. The nasal cavity is enlarged, mucous without crusts – smooth, shiny.The clinical picture of vasomotor rhinitis:

    • morning nasal congestion;
    • frequent sneezing;
    • watery discharge from the nose;
    • lacrimation;
    • pallor, swelling of the nasal mucosa;
    • the appearance of cyanotic spots in the nose.

    Principles of treatment of chronic catarrhal rhinitis:

    • Antibacterial therapy with infectious etiology of the disease. Includes topical ointment (salicylic, tetracycline, streptocidal).
    • Instillation of astringents (protargol, collargol, silver nitrate, rinofluimucil).
    • When viral rhinitis – drops albutsid, sulfatsil sodium.
    • To enhance local immunity – drops of juice Kalanchoe, isofra.
    • Inhalation for the nose with ammonia, iodine.
    • Pepper patches for the nose.
    • Physiotherapeutic methods – UHF, UV, electrophoresis with zinc sulfate.

    Hypertrophic Rhinitis Therapy

    • Cauterization of mucous trichloroacetic acid, silver nitrate under local anesthesia, sometimes electromixing, ultrasound, laser destruction of the mucosa.
    • Cryotherapy by applying the active substance to several points of the nasal passage.
    • Sclerotherapy (administration of glycerol, saline, glucose) in the course of 4-5 shots.
    • Introduction to the nasal passages of solutions of glucocorticosteroids, drugs to enhance the production of interferons (eg, splenin).
    • Massage of nasal mucosa with splenin ointment, protargol.
    • In case of a pronounced proliferation of the membrane, surgery may be necessary – conchotomy (removal of hypertrophied tissues).

    Treatment of atrophic rhinitis

    • For dryness – irrigation of the nose with saline, chamomile infusion, the use of emollient ointments, fish oil.
    • Instillation with potassium iodide, aloe extract.
    • Rinsing the nose and laying tampons with iodinol, enzymes, solutions of alkalis.
    • Lubrication of the nose lugole, antibacterial ointments.
    • Systemic therapy includes vitamin complexes, iron supplements, immunity stimulants (sometimes in the form of injections).
    • UHF, trypsin electrophoresis, inhalation with humisole.
    • With the ineffectiveness of treatment – surgery for the implantation of artificial cartilage.

    Methods used to treat all types of rhinitis

    • nasal area massage;
    • washing the nasal passages with solutions of sea salt (aqualor, aquamaris);
    • lubrication of the nasolabial triangle with ointments with menthol, herbs, instillation with homeopathic preparations;
    • with strong edema and abundant mucus – vasoconstrictive drops (for carrying, sanorin, xymelin, xylen, nazol, for children – vibrocil).
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