Chest burning, squeezing, or discomfort is a clinical sign that may indicate a variety of medical conditions. The rib cage includes a large number of different organs, the defeat of each of which can manifest itself as a burning sensation. Therefore, in order to get rid of the burning sensation in the chest, you first need to accurately determine the cause that caused it. Given the above, it becomes clear that the main role in the treatment of this symptom is a thorough diagnosis.
What pathologies can cause burning in the chest?
One of the most important organs located in this area is the heart, with all its membranes and vessels transporting blood to the lungs or carrying it through the body. It should be remembered that the heart is located behind the sternum, somewhat shifted to the left. Therefore, heart pain is most often localized in the center of the sternum, and not on the left, as many think.
Burning, squeezing or tightness behind the sternum, less often in the left half of the chest are a classic symptom of an attack of angina pectoris. Pain or discomfort in this disease usually occurs during physical or emotional stress, increases with continued exercise and quickly passes after it is stopped or nitroglycerin is taken. The duration of an attack of angina does not exceed 10-15 minutes.
In myocardial infarction, an intense attack of angina occurs, lasting more than 15 minutes, usually not stopped by nitroglycerin. Pain and burning in the chest are one of the main signs of the disease. In such a situation, the patient needs emergency medical care.
- Pulmonary embolism
Often it is caused by deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. A blood clot, detached from the wall of the venous vessel in the legs, can migrate and cause a blockage of branches in the pulmonary arteries, causing ischemia of the lung tissue. Symptoms of thromboembolism, in addition to pain, aggravated by breathing, include severe shortness of breath, coughing with blood impurities, intermittent breathing. This condition also threatens the patient’s life and requires urgent medical attention.
One of the target organs of this systemic disease is the heart and its membranes. Therefore, burning in the chest can be a sign of the onset of inflammatory rheumatic complications.
This pathology may be the result of viral or other damage to the heart, may develop due to allergic or autoimmune lesions of the heart. And burning and pain behind the sternum in some cases are symptoms of the onset of myocarditis.
This disease occurs as a result of persistent psycho-emotional stress and chronic stress. The main role in its development belongs to the autonomic nervous system, which is of great importance in the innervation of the heart. One of the characteristic manifestations of this pathology is pain in the region of the heart, usually localized at one point, in the left half of the chest, but there may be a burning sensation in the chest. A distinctive feature of pain during neurosis is that it is long-term in nature, is not associated with exercise, does not pass after taking nitroglycerin, but may disappear during therapy with sedatives.
Other causes that may provoke a burning sensation in the chest:
- intense exercise;
- persistent cough;
- rib fracture, sternum;
- chest injuries;
- stomach ulcer;
- pathology of the gallbladder;
- hiatal hernia;
- inflammation of the esophagus with gastric contents thrown into it;
- stomach ulcer;
- scoliosis of the thoracic spine;
- herpes zoster;
- intercostal nerve neuralgia;
- inflammation of the intercostal muscles (myositis) and
In order to relieve you from burning in the chest, the specialists of the CELT clinic will conduct a number of examinations designed to find out the cause of this condition. The professionalism of our doctors, their knowledge and modern equipment of the clinic will make it possible to establish the diagnosis as soon as possible and in time to begin the most effective treatment.