Intervertebral hernia is a fairly common disease. The first symptoms indicating a hernial protrusion are numbness in the hands and constant pain in the neck.
The cause of the disease most often are:
- uneven load on the entire spine or on the cervical region;
- spinal injury;
- various diseases, resulting in a hernia.
The age at which this disease is most often diagnosed varies from thirty to fifty years. Men, according to statistics, they are sick more often. Constant discomfort and pain can significantly worsen the quality of life, so the treatment of the disease should begin as soon as possible.
Special gymnastics, conducted after the removal of the acute phase of the disease, will help get rid of the discomfort and strengthen the cervical spine, as well as the muscles of the shoulder girdle and back.
The basis of the disease
The largest percentage of hernias and protrusions of the vertebral disc occurs due to overstrain: when jumping, lifting heavy objects (simultaneous tilting and turning when lifting weights is especially dangerous) and other physical activities. Most often, a hernia is formed in the case when the muscles of the back, cervical area and shoulder girdle are poorly developed, it is their dystrophy and inability to be a source of power for the vertebral discs, which causes the fibrous ring to stretch and rupture.
A very important fact is the direction in which the hernia has grown. Protrusion forward, gives a lot of discomfort to the patient and can cause disruption in the work of some organs, but if its direction is focused in the direction of the spinal cord – the consequences can be very deplorable.
Disturbances in the work of some organs are an indication that the disease has affected the roots and nerve endings of this part of the body. So a hernia of the cervical spine often causes numbness of the hands and persistent headaches.
Treatment of intervertebral hernia
Therapy as medication and folk remedies should be carried out only after a thorough examination and an accurate diagnosis.
Surgical intervention is necessary only in cases where the hernial protrusion threatens the normal functioning of the internal organs or threatens the patient with partial or complete paralysis. The decision on surgical intervention can also be made in the case when the prescribed treatment does not bring proper relief.
The basis of pharmacotherapy is based on the use of painkillers, muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory drugs. In the course of treatment, medications can also be prescribed that restore the cartilage of intervertebral discs.
Treatment of hernia of the cervical folk remedies
To relieve pain and reduce discomfort in the cervical region, will help horse fat.
Melt a small amount of fat in a water bath, then apply it with a thin layer on dense matter, apply the resulting compress to the sore spot and wrap tightly with cling film and a warm scarf. Such treatment should be continued for 2–3 days in a row, despite the fact that relief will come within a couple of hours after the procedure.
In order to reduce the symptoms of osteochondrosis folk remedies, garlic tincture is often used. Such a lotion is an excellent way to warm, soothe and anesthetize a sore spot without the use of drugs.
For its preparation, take 300 grams of fresh cloves of garlic and pass them through a meat grinder. Pour the resulting gruel 150 ml, close the lid. It is necessary to insist on such a compress for ten days.
After this time, it is recommended to apply lotion on the cervical spine with a gauze compress for one hour per day. Repeat until the complete disappearance of pain.
With a disease such as a hernia of the cervical spine, it is useful to conduct a daily self-massage of the diseased area. For a quicker recovery and relief of symptoms, a half teaspoon of fir oil should be added to a cream for morning and day neck massage.
For the evening procedure, as a relaxation and calming by folk methods, it is advised to mix the massage cream with a small amount of honey or mummy ointment.
Non-drug therapy also involves treatment with a laser, the mechanism of which is based on the development of pathological changes in the vertebral discs.
Laser therapy is based on the effect of biostimulation. In this procedure, activation of the necessary metabolic processes in the internal tissues of the spine is activated, thereby enhancing the microcirculation, as well as the regenerative processes of cartilage tissue. Laser treatment strengthens and nourishes the cells, eliminates inflammation and swelling of the spinal roots, eliminates pain, discomfort and other symptoms of the disease.
Advantages of laser therapy:
- accessibility of the procedure, since it has a very low cost;
- laser therapy, affects the very essence of the disease, eliminating the root cause, and not only relieves the main symptoms;
- procedure duration from 10 to 15 minutes;
- therapy involves a session on an outpatient basis;
- after just a couple of procedures, the patient can completely refuse to take painkillers;
- complex therapy with a laser allows to achieve more positive dynamics, speed up the healing process and save the patient from all pain.
As with any type of treatment, laser therapy also has some limitations. With extreme caution it should be used in the presence of the following diseases:
- education of any kind;
- somatic pathology;
One of the most effective methods of treating a hernia of the cervical spine is therapeutic gymnastics. It is carried out in combination with the main treatment, or as a prophylaxis, immediately after it.
It is necessary to perform the exercises only in the period of remission, with a very small amount of hernial protrusion and after consultation with a specialist.
- In a sitting position, try to put your head alternately on one side, then on the other. It is necessary to do the exercise slowly (5-6 seconds in each direction) and extremely carefully. The head should be lowered to the appearance of discomfort, try to avoid pain. Run 10 repetitions.
- The following exercise for hernia of the cervical spine, it is necessary to perform with the most straight back and relaxed shoulder girdle. In a sitting position, tilt your head back and try to stay in this position for 3-4 seconds. Repeat the tilt forward, trying to touch the chest with the chin, slowly and carefully return to the starting position. The number of repetitions – 10 times.
- Head turns to the sides. Sitting with straightened shoulders and a straight back, gently turn your head to the right – hold this position for 5 seconds, carefully return to the starting position. Repeat head rotation to the left. Repeat at least ten times.
Gymnastics is designed to strengthen the muscles of the shoulder girdle and the cervical region, it also increases blood circulation and helps relieve tension. Severe discomfort, pain, and other unpleasant symptoms are an indication that exercise should be stopped and consulted with a specialist. After removing the pain and improving the patient’s condition, it is recommended to resume the complex.
For the majority of patients, gymnastics of the cervical section – tones and develops the necessary sections of the spinal column, which allows to avoid relapses and relieve pain for a long time.