Delays in menstruation are always a concern for women. Their causes are both serious circumstances, for example, pregnancy, and quite ordinary stresses that caused hormonal failure. Whether there can be a delay due to a cold depends on the period in which the woman fell ill, how strong her immune system is, how carefully she followed the prescribed treatment, and how weak the body was as a result. Often the cold passes without consequences. But not a rarity and a delay of critical days after it.
What determines the normal menstrual cycle and the permissible delay of critical days
Usually, the reproductive renewal cycle is different for each woman. Its regularity depends on the timely synthesis of hormones, for which the ovaries, adrenal glands, and also the thyroid gland are responsible. The pituitary gland’s brain appendage controls this process. It, in turn, depends on the work of the hypothalamus – a very sensitive to the stress part of the brain, providing self-regulation of all body processes. Therefore, any general upheavals and pressures, including those caused by colds and viral infections, affect the interaction of all organs of the endocrine system and often affect the menstrual rhythm.
Not always the body works like a clock. Small fluctuations in the duration of the cycle, the phenomenon is normal.
In most young and healthy women, it occurs in this mode:
- From the beginning of one menstruation to the beginning of the next, it usually takes from 21 to 30 days. Allowed cycle time up to 35 days.
- Critical days take from 3 to 7 days.
- The instability of the cycle can be attributed to the norm in girls in the first year from the beginning of menstruation and in women before menopause.
A single case of a 7–10-day delay or a premature onset of menstruation is not considered an alarm. However, repeated violation of the cycle is a reason to visit a gynecologist. A delay of more than 15 days indicates a serious hormonal failure and the need to find out its causes.
Can a cold affect menstruation? Of course, it can. Colds, even the lungs are able to cause a week delay of menstruation.
This is due to stress factors affecting the general condition of the body and the work of its hormone glands:
- Overwork and nervous tension, if a woman decides not to fall out of the work rhythm and suffers from a cold on her legs.
- Intoxication with viral and bacterial infections.
- Inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system, exacerbated by a decrease in immunity or treatment with antibiotics.
- Intensive treatment with antiviral and other drugs.
- A radical change in diet and, as a consequence, a significant change in the amount of adipose tissue in the body. That is a sharp weight loss, or, conversely, weight gain.
- Climate change, relocation.
- Lactation period.
All these collateral circumstances associated with colds significantly impede the maturation of the egg and the formation of the endometrium, which is reflected in the onset of critical days and the nature of their flow.
Failure of the menstrual cycle with a cold
Although it is difficult to foresee exactly how the cold will affect the monthly cycle, still some conclusions can be drawn based on which of its phases the peak of the indisposition falls:
- Very often, the flu, other acute respiratory viral infections or exacerbations of chronic diseases overtake a woman during menstruation, that is, at the very beginning of the cycle. This is due to the decline in these days of immunity and the general tone of all body systems.In this case, the hypothalamus may not release a sufficient amount of a substance that stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete hormones necessary for the development of follicles with eggs in the ovaries. Therefore, the first phase of the menstrual cycle (follicular) will be prolonged. Hence the delay in the beginning of the next cycle and, accordingly, the next menstruation;
- Also, the first phase of the disease, which began soon after the critical days, is delaying. The body’s stress in this case inhibits the maturation of the dominant follicle with the egg, and ovulation occurs later, which shifts in time the whole cycle;
- If the disease occurred after ovulation, during the luteal phase, the effect may be different. At this time, the corpus luteum in the ovary, produces hormones necessary to change the outer layers of the endometrium – the mucous membrane of the uterus. If it does not fully develop, the monthly will be scarce and come sooner than expected.
Cold on critical days
This happens, unfortunately, very often. Reducing hormonal levels, the tone of almost all systems, anemia due to blood loss and weakening of the immune system are conditions when the body is not able to fight infection. During menstruation it is very easy to catch a cold.
It is even easier to provoke an exacerbation of chronic diseases such as bronchitis, tonsillitis and others. Even a runny nose that is not dangerous on other days can cause fatigue, an outbreak of herpes, or inflammation in the genital area, which will certainly affect the work of the entire endocrine system and the ovaries in particular.
In order to avoid a significant failure of the female cycle due to a cold or simply hypothermia during menstruation, you need to take into account:
- With mild colds, even if a woman does not go to the hospital, rest and rest are still necessary for her. Do not continue to work with the same load as in normal days. Excitement and stress should be minimized.
- In case of a more serious disease, it is necessary to inform the doctor about your “female” days and to strictly follow the prescription. Take only prescribed medications, because some antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, thin the blood and can cause heavy bleeding.
- This also applies to popular recipes, which are very popular in treating colds. Broths of chamomile, ginger and others during this period will also cause unjustified blood loss.
How will taking antibiotics affect the female cycle?
Could there be a delay due to taking antibiotics for treating colds?
Preparations that negatively affect the growth of living cells, of course, harm not only the pathogenic microflora, but also the natural, necessary for many of the most important processes for the body, and also affect the activities of all systems, including hormonal.
Much more damaging to health is a rapidly developing infection, the consequences of which are painful and difficult to cure.
To avoid unnecessary stress for the body in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, you need to keep in mind:
- You can not take antibiotics without determining the cause of the disease. The influenza virus is immune to the antimicrobials used to treat other infections. Sometimes allergic reactions can be confused with cold symptoms. Do not do extra harm to an already weakened body, engaging in self-treatment.
- If by the end of the course of treatment with antibiotics the state of health has improved, do not stop taking the prescribed drugs. Non-treated infection can turn into chronic. And the lack of effect on her antibiotic contributes to the development of resistance to it.
- Taking antibiotics, you need to remember about the manifestation of fungal microflora. Without the deterrent factor of the natural bacterial environment, it begins to thrive in the intimate area and causes inflammation. The need for regular hygiene and timely reception of anti-mycotic drugs.
Colds increase the risk of unwanted pregnancy.
When you delay your period after suffering a cold, flu, or an exacerbation of a chronic disease, you first need to check if the pregnancy has not occurred. The probability of detecting it after an illness in the first phase of the cycle, when using the calendar method of contraception, is very high. This happens due to the shift of the ovulation period and with it all the usual rhythms. The period of safe for unprotected sex days comes later, and the opportunity to become pregnant increases significantly.
Active treatment with antibiotics or other drugs that affect the state of the microflora of the body, reduces the effect of hormonal contraceptives. They simply do not have time to digest because of a violation of the bowels. Also, some drugs effective for SARS or flu suppress their contraceptive properties. It is better to use other means of protection during the illness and after it.
Finally, how to normalize the menstrual cycle after a cold
First of all, you should take care of vitamins and essential trace elements. Therefore, the diet should be as varied and not as heavy as possible, since taking medication necessarily affects digestion, and after an illness the stomach, intestines and liver must be restored.
Be sure to eat enough prebiotics to give food to a weakened intestinal microflora. They are in oranges, bananas, apples, chicory, sesame, oats, carrots, rye and others.
Immunomodulators in the form of dietary supplements will help avoid new colds and re-stress.
And most importantly – you should avoid nervous breakdowns, fatigue and excessive physical exertion.