Chickenpox is a viral disease that is mistakenly considered exclusively childish. All age groups are subject to it, but more often epidemics erupt in preschool institutions, schools, clubs and other places where children are gathered.
There is also an opinion that, after an illness, a resistant immunity is produced against the virus, which prevents re-infection.
As far as this statement is true, it will be shown further.
Can I get sick the second time?
The causative agent of the disease – a type of herpes virus – is transmitted by airborne droplets, transplacentally or through skin contact with the contents of the blisters. The incubation period is 7-20 days and passes without symptoms, and the person, not knowing that he is sick, infects others.
In persons who have suffered a disease, the virus is present in the nervous tissue for life, but in an amount incapable of causing aggravation or infecting other people. It also promotes the production of antibodies to fight herpes. The theory about the impossibility of re-development of the disease is based on this fact.
The possibility and likelihood of re-infection
The Varicella Zoster virus is in the body in a dormant state and certain conditions are necessary for its activation, the main of which is weakening of the immune system.
Weak immunity – the main reason for the recurrence of chickenpox
There is a high risk of recurring chickenpox in people with oncology, HIV, chronic diseases, as well as in patients undergoing chemotherapy and hormone therapy. The probability of illness in people with low immunity will increase with climate change.
Prolonged emotional stress can also lead to relapse. Usually people over 25 are re-sick.
Unlike chickenpox, it can recur several times and take on a chronic form with the wrong treatment. It is also called the second smallpox, since both pathologies are caused by the same virus. There are cases when a patient with shingles infected the surrounding chickenpox.
Symptoms and signs of recurrence of chickenpox
Repeated disease usually occurs with a shorter incubation period.
The initial symptoms of infection are as follows:
1. Headache and weakness. 2. Tickling in the throat. 3. Increase the temperature. 4. Muscle aches and joint pain. 5. Insomnia, loss of appetite. 6. Discomfort when moving eyes.
After 2-3 days, spots appear on the body, in place of which blisters filled with a turbid liquid swell. Over the next 5-7 days, their number throughout the body gradually increases.
Relapse may occur in the form of shingles (or herpes zoster), which is slightly different from the usual form and is more difficult to bear. Blistering, which affects a limited part of the body in shingles, is preceded by itching, tingling and burning.
Small rashes, contain blood or pus, are located in the form of a chain and are accompanied by painful sensations. Most often they are localized on one half of the body, from the back to the chest. After 2 weeks, the rash becomes crusted, which gradually disappears, sometimes leaving scars.
In rare cases, an asymptomatic course of the disease is possible or – with the absence of one of the characteristic signs, such as temperature – read about this in our new material. In children and adults, the virus can manifest as a rash, indistinguishable from ordinary acne or hidden in the scalp or mucous membranes.
It is also possible variant of the disease with rash, not accompanied by itching. Sometimes, if chickenpox goes away with symptoms washed away, it’s possible to find out that a person has had it, only by testing blood for antibodies.
As it takes in adults
The repetition of the disease in adulthood often occurs due to the fact that the virus from a passive state becomes active. In this case, the disease manifests itself in the form of shingles. Another way to whiten chickenpox a second time is to pick up a virus from the outside, provided that the body does not have enough antibodies against it.
In adults, symptoms are more pronounced.
If symptoms of chickenpox reappear, the reasons may be as follows:
1. A strong weakening of the immune system. 2. Acceptance of antibiotics, which together with pathogens destroy and useful, increasing susceptibility to infectious diseases. 3. Stress and nervous tension often precede a second outbreak of chickenpox in adults. 4. The weakening of the body during exacerbation of chronic diseases.
In adults, the repetition is more severe, in which:
• accession of a bacterial infection; • nausea, passing into vomiting; • light and phytophase; • incoordination; • spread of rash on mucous membranes; • suppuration of rash.
Is it possible to get sick again in childhood?
The chances of getting sick again are much lower in children than in adults, but it does. For some patients, the disease causes a severe blow to the immune system, making it more susceptible to reinfection.
The risk of recurrence of chicken pox in childhood increases if the child has had other viral diseases or has congenital anomalies. More often, children who have the first outbreak of chickenpox fell on infancy are sick.
About the recurrence of the disease shows:
1. Significant increase in temperature. 2. A large number of rashes on the palms and soles. 3. Longer healing. 4. Sometimes the accession of a secondary infection.
As in adults, recurrent chickenpox is harder to bear in childhood. Usually the blisters begin to crust 5 days after the last wave of the rash, and this whole process is accompanied by a high temperature.
Repetition is more severe
In children, the repetition is easily confused with diseases caused by other types of herpes virus. Also, a similar rash is characteristic of enterovirus infection. Therefore, to fully ensure that the child has chickenpox for the second time, it is possible on the basis of a comprehensive survey and tests of blood, urine and the contents of the rash.
Danger and complications of a second chickenpox infection
The result of repeated chickenpox can be skin infections, especially if the person did not observe hygiene during the illness. It is rarely possible loss of vision, if the virus was affected skin around the eyes.
Another complication can be postherpetic neuralgia, a condition in which the pain syndrome persists even after the rash has disappeared. He is more susceptible to elderly patients.
Transition of recurrent chickenpox into a hemorrhagic form, which is characterized by subcutaneous hemorrhages, nosebleeds and hemoptysis, is possible.
1. Inflammation of the oral cavity: gingivitis, stomatitis, parotitis, laryngitis. 2. Lesions of the urinary system: glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis. 3. Blood infection. 4. Pneumonia, otitis. 5. Arthritis, encephalitis. 6. Paralysis of the facial nerve.
Particularly serious consequences of chickenpox in early pregnancy and shortly before childbirth. Transmission of the virus from the sick mother to the fetus through the placenta in some cases leads to defects in development and even death of the child.
Prevention of disease recurrence
You can prevent infection by vaccination. Vaccination is recommended for adolescents and adults, especially women planning pregnancy. Vaccination protects against shingles.
Vaccination – one of the best ways to prevent
In order to prevent the recurrence of chickenpox, you should avoid contact with people suffering from it, as the disease, once suffered, does not exclude the possibility of recurrence. This is especially true for people with low immunity.
Due to the increased volatility of the virus, the infection is not necessarily close to the carrier. In this case, you can disinfect the room with quartz lamps, but they should be used with caution and according to the instructions. Wearing gauze bandages will help minimize the risk of infection.
An effective measure of protection against chickenpox and its recurrence is to strengthen the immune system. This includes a balanced diet, an active lifestyle, the rejection of bad habits. Avoiding stress and strong emotional experiences will also play a positive role.
Thus, the previous chickenpox does not mean that you can not get sick again. If a person has reduced immunity or has been subjected to other predisposing factors, contact with those infected should be excluded.