In a healthy person, body temperature indicators can range from 36.5 ° C to 37 ° C.
Body temperature reflects the body’s heat balance, depending on the amount of heat that various organs produce, and on the heat exchange of the skin with the external environment.
An increase in temperature clearly indicates pathological abnormalities in the body.
And reaching temperatures up to 39ºC requires looking for urgent measures on how to bring it down at home.
Temperature 39ºC: possible causes
Fever is a kind of protective reaction of the human immune system. When any pathogenic particles enter the body in any way, the immune abilities are activated, as a result, the production of specific proteins, pyrogenic, begins. These particles are the trigger mechanism for increasing the temperature.
At the same time, antibodies are actively synthesized in the body, as well as interferon, which helps to cope with pathogens. And the higher the temperature rises in the body, the more the production of interferon is observed.
Such processes in the body can be accompanied by deterioration of health, headache, drowsiness, weakness, as well as the characteristic symptoms inherent in the disease, which provoked a rise in temperature.
But when the temperature reaches 39ºC and above, negative processes affecting the nervous system begin to occur. Too high heat provokes dehydration, circulatory disorders, lowering blood pressure, as well as failures in the work of some organs. Therefore, with a significant increase in temperature to 39ºC, you need to try to urgently bring it down at home.
The temperature may rise with various infectious, immune, inflammatory diseases:
1. Respiratory viral infections during infection:
1. Rhinovirus infections:
• neuritis and meningitis.
• otitis and sinusitis.
2. Adenoviral ailments in the form of:
• rhinitis and laryngitis;
• colds and sore throats;
• bronchitis and pharyngitis.
3. In chronic mental disorders.
4. After intense sports or exercise in hot climates.
5. During exacerbations of chronic inflammatory diseases:
6. In infectious diseases of the urinary organs.
7. Due to infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
8. When blood is infected, as well as after postoperative or post-traumatic infection.
9. During the activation of the thyroid gland, autoimmune processes.
10. With tuberculosis, malaria.
11. In cancer pathologies.
There are a lot of real reasons for a rise in temperature. To find out the true origin of the pathological reaction of the body, you need to consult a doctor and undergo a thorough examination.
How to bring down the temperature of 39ºC at home: medications
The presence of elevated temperature indicates the active struggle of the body with various infections, which after 38ºC degrees begin to die intensively. Therefore, doctors recommend not to shoot down a similar temperature.
However, when the critical values of 39Cº are reached, it is necessary to act promptly and try to bring down a similar temperature in the home condition by any means.
All antipyretic drugs are made on the basis of active ingredients:
Each of these components has main and concomitant therapeutic effects, but at the same time, side effects, and certain contraindications.
Preparations with the content of paracetamol in the form of Ibuklin, Coldact, Panoxen, Theraflu, Tylenol, Coldrex, Efferalgan, Panadol, Rinza should be consumed no more than 4 times per day in a dosage appropriate for age. These remedies help to cope with heat and pain. Keep in mind that paracetamol adversely affects the liver. And overdose may experience severe allergic reactions.
To bring the temperature down with the help of ibuprofen, Ibuprofen, Nurofen, Novigan preparations are used up to 4 times a day. One-time dosage should not exceed 400 mg. Drugs in this group are considered the safest of antipyretic drugs. In addition, they are able to cope with pain and inflammatory reactions.
Applying acetylsalicylic acid in the form of Aspirin, Askofen, Acetylsalicylic acid, Citropack, Citramone, it is necessary to take into account that these drugs affect the cardiovascular, digestive, and respiratory systems. Do not use this group of drugs to lower the temperature in children under 12 years of age.
Metamizol sodium is found in Analgin, Baralgin, Brale, Trialgin, Revalgin. These drugs are able to cope well with pain, but the antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties are noted to a small extent. Most often, these drugs are injected. As after their reception serious allergic effects can be observed, they are not recommended for self-treatment without medical supervision.
When choosing a fever reducing agent, it is better to give preference to one-component drugs. Combining taking several drugs, pay attention to the composition. Different preparations may contain the same active ingredient, which, if taken simultaneously, will lead to an overdose.
If vomiting occurs at elevated temperatures, it is better to use a candle. For children, syrups are available, as well as suppositories containing paracetamol or ibuprofen.
How to bring down the temperature of 39ºC at home – folk remedies
There are many effective ways to bring down the temperature of 39ºC at home with the help of available tools and methods. Sometimes they are much more effective than any antipyretic drugs. In addition, folk methods have no negative side effects.
1. You can use the usual cool water. By applying moistened cloth for a few minutes on the temples, forehead, elbow bends, as well as the wrists, you can help strengthen the heat transfer.
2. For wiping in water, vinegar can be added. This solution wipe the entire body, including the face. Special attention should be paid to places with large blood vessels in the form of axillary regions, elbows and popliteal folds, neck. Wiping the patient with a solution, do not immediately wrap it. The body must give off heat, which will help bring the temperature down.
3. It is possible for rubdowns to apply juice or decoction made from green grapes. This method is allowed for the treatment of even small children.
4. For the preparation of compresses, you can use raw potatoes. It is necessary to rub and pour in the pulp around a spoonful of vinegar. The resulting raw materials spread on the gauze and used as a compress.
5. Churns well cabbage temperature. To do this, remove the fresh leaves from the cabbage, rinse, mash slightly, so they let the juice. Prepared leaves are applied to the forehead, chest.
Helps to cope with the temperature and warm shower. Only water should be pleasant to the body, not burning cold or hot.
Not bad for knocking down the temperature of the enema. This way you can treat the smallest children. For enema is not recommended to use clean water. It is better to use chamomile decoction or saline.
As a medicine, you can give the patient a temperature of a spoonful of the mixture prepared from half a glass of honey, grated apple and onion.
The antipyretic effect has teas made with the use of raspberry, honeysuckle, wild strawberry, and viburnum.
You can use and diaphoretic drinks, which are suitable herbs in the form of St. John’s wort, lime blossom, oregano, thyme, as well as mint leaves, birch buds. Alcoholic tinctures are also prepared from these components, which give a spoon to a patient at a very high temperature.
Temperature 39ºC: what to eat and drink?
Water regime at a high temperature plays a therapeutic role. Heat causes dehydration. Therefore, you should try to drink as many different liquids as possible. If it turns out, then the patient is given drinks at night.
Herbal teas made from plants with antipyretic and diaphoretic effect are preferred.
You can give the patient decoctions of dried fruit, fruit drinks, fruit drinks, fresh juices, milk.
With milk, you need to be careful during high temperatures. On the one hand, it helps some patients cope with the temperature and alleviate the condition, and on the other hand, it can provoke fermentation in the intestines of others, which is extremely undesirable during this period.
Any liquid should be at room temperature. Drinking hot or too cold drinks during this period is undesirable.
During the fight against infections or inflammation, as evidenced by high fever, the body significantly loses its protective abilities. You can maintain strength competent nutrition. In no case during the illness can not starve. If the desire to eat is absent altogether, which is often observed in babies, it is not necessary to feed the patient through force. It is better to focus on drinking and give more fruits and vegetables, especially with the content of vitamin C, which will help to cope with the disease.
However, abundant, heavy meals with the inclusion in the diet of fatty, spicy dishes during this period is undesirable. It takes a lot of energy to digest such food, and the temperature rises even higher for natural reasons.
Preference should be given to light soups, porridges, skim protein products in the form of meat, fish, dairy dishes.
If the temperature of 39ºC does not stray at home in any way, and the patient has convulsions, severe headaches, loss of consciousness, severe vomiting, it is better not to continue home medical procedures, but to immediately call an ambulance.