A breast cyst can be a single or multiple cavities in the breast tissue filled with a specific fluid. The contents of the cyst may be pus or blood plasma.
For a long time, a breast cyst may not give any symptoms, perhaps only a slight sensation of burning and soreness in the breast, which increases before the onset of menstruation.
What is it and how to treat a breast cyst? The main cause of cysts in the breast is hormonal disorders. That is a violation of the ratio of estrogen and progesterone.
In addition, a negative effect on hormones:
- stressful situations;
- absence of childbirth at the age of 30 and older;
- thyroid disease;
- ovarian disease (polycystic);
- refusal of breastfeeding or, on the contrary, too long period of feeding by a breast;
- long-term use of contraceptives;
- long intensive thermal procedures, excessive insolation;
- frequent stay in the open sun.
Another reason for the formation of cysts can be other diseases that affect the balance of hormones in the body.
What is a breast cyst?
Why does a breast cyst arise, and what is it? A cyst is a cavity (single or multiple) in its ducts, which is filled with a non-inflammatory fluid and limited to the connective tissue capsule. Such a pathology for a long time may not manifest itself, but then there is pain and a burning sensation in the mammary gland, the intensity of which increases significantly before and during menstruation.
The cyst can not pass into breast cancer, but significantly increases the risk of its formation. Also, a cyst can fester and become inflamed, which is a dangerous and extremely unpleasant complication. Often, education is determined in patients with hormonal disorders.
Cysts are symptoms of a nodular form of mastopathy. They are formed due to the expansion of one of the ducts of the mammary gland, first a capsule of connective tissue is formed, bounding the cavity, and then a non-inflammatory fluid accumulates in the cavity. The form of education may be rounded, oval or have an irregular shape.
The size of the cyst varies from a few millimeters to 3-5 centimeters. The practice of mammology confirms that extra-large formations in diameter can lead to deformation and a change in the shape of the breast or to the complete replacement of its tissue with itself.
Depending on the number of cysts, there is a single formation (solitary cyst) and multiple formations (polycystic mammary gland). Also, depending on the number of cavities, the cyst can be single-chamber and multi-chamber. If the capsule of the cyst from the inside has sprawl, in this case speak of an atypical cyst.
In addition, there are other separate forms of cysts:
- Fatty. It is formed in the sebaceous glands of the skin, often causes inflammatory processes, however, it has no particular effect on the lactation process and has no relation to the breast tissue.
- Multichamber Very unpleasant diagnosis. At first one cyst develops, then new ones are born, side by side, after which they merge. This forms a multi-chamber cyst. The disease is detected by ultrasound.
- Ductal More often, this diagnosis is given to women of the pre-menopausal period, this ductal formation inside the mammary gland can develop into a malignant tumor.
- Solitary This education, round shape and elastic consistency. It is a swelling filled with a liquid of different colors. The longer the cyst, the denser its capsule.
The size of the tumor can be from a few millimeters (then they can be detected only by ultrasound) to a few centimeters (found on palpation of the breast). That cyst that can be detected by palpation is called large.
Symptoms of Breast Cyst
In the initial stage, the mammary gland cyst may not give any symptoms, as a result of which the woman does not feel any discomfort in the breast, she can learn about her education due to detailed self-diagnosis or during examination by a breast specialist.
To determine the presence of a cyst can be on certain grounds:
- decrease in cyst size after menstruation.
- soft, mobile round or oval nodules in the chest are palpable.
- soreness or hypersensitivity in the cyst area.
- increase in nodule size and unusual breast sensitivity shortly before the onset of menstruation.
When the capsule reaches a medium or large size, it is easily felt and delivers painful sensations before menstruation. Growing in size, the cyst begins to put pressure on the surrounding tissue and increase the unpleasant effect.
Diagnosis of cyst
A medium-sized cyst can be detected by palpation, small formations can be examined by performing a mammogram or an ultrasound of the breast. If the data is doubtful, patients are shown MRI of the breast, but this method is rarely used.
For further histological examination, the doctor takes a biopsy – a sample tissue sampling to determine the nature of the tumor.
How to treat a breast cyst?
With a diagnosed breast cyst, treatment in most cases does not require surgical intervention.
First of all, in the process of treating cysts, the doctor performs puncture of the formation. To do this, with the help of a thin needle, accumulated liquid is drawn out of the cavity, after which air is pumped into the capsule, which promotes cell growth. In some cases, in order to ensure rapid accretion, alcohol is injected into the cavity of formation. In this case, the scar that occurs after the removal of a breast cyst resembles breast cancer in a mammogram.
Large cysts that contain a large number of cells are surgically removed – cut out from the breast. This must be done so that the cyst does not thicken and develop into a malignant neoplasm. Surgical intervention is also necessary in case of recurrence of a cyst. These may be small cysts, but reappearing some time later after their removal.
The process of removing a cyst of the mammary gland does not affect the functionality of the glands and does not interfere with further breastfeeding.
Also, to minimize discomfort associated with a breast cyst, follow these guidelines:
- take over-the-counter painkillers if necessary;
- eat less salt;
- avoid caffeine;
- wear a supporting bra.
Breast cyst treatment folk remedies has many different options. The most common are the tincture of burdock or hypericum.
In the list of such tools, pain relief, effectively used compresses made from cabbage leaves. It can be therapeutic formulations made from the fungus of the fungus, or to create them using large-leaved gentian and sweet clover.
The cyst of the mammary gland itself does not represent an immediate threat, and does not carry a noticeable deterioration in the quality of life (if it is not large).
Problems arise when attaching inflammation, infection and suppuration of the cyst, as well as in the case of the development of giant cysts that deform the gland and cause noticeably disturbing discomfort. Extremely rare, but there are cases of degeneration of the cyst into cancer. However, the presence of fibrocystic mastopathy in women increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
Does breast cyst resolve itself?
It is quite rare when self-resorption of the breast occurs, therefore, the disease should not be started. Even small cysts do not resolve themselves, but are treated by a conservative method. If the cyst has a size of 1.5 centimeters, then a puncture is taken to collect the contents and introduce ozone or air into the cavity. With this size of the cyst, it is necessary to smooth out its walls.
Any treatment with folk remedies (herbs and compresses), in the hope that the cyst will resolve itself, is unacceptable. Only the doctor prescribes treatment, carefully watching the dynamics of the state of cysts. Self-treatment without diagnosis is also unacceptable. Experimenting with your health, in the expectation that the seal will resolve, is unacceptable.
Is it possible to massage the mammary gland?
In the mammary gland very delicate tissues and produce an intensive breast massage to squeeze fluid through the nipple — this is not possible, it is very dangerous, the mammary gland should not be touched again, not to massage intensively. In no case should this be done.
Try not to injure the mammary glands with underwear with stones, try to prevent its bruises, how to treat the skin on the breast with care, you can lubricate it with olive oil with age, it will be more elastic and not so dry. It is quite another thing if a woman has given birth and her breast is filled with milk 2-3 days after giving birth, this is an exception, when massaging is simply necessary so that there is no stagnation and lactational mastitis.
Is cystic degeneration into a malignant tumor possible?
Practice shows that degeneration of a cyst into a malignant tumor or cancer occurs quite rarely. The exception is the presence of growths in the cyst, cystadenopapilom. Sooner or later, this pathology will definitely pass into the intraductal, and then into the infiltrative ductal carcinoma.
Official epidemiological data confirm an increased risk of the onset and development of breast cancer in women with breast cysts.