In ancient times, people believed that blood possesses certain magical powers. Now, with the help of modern possibilities of medicine, thanks to blood tests, one can learn about the state of the body. To do this, it is necessary to determine the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
The indicator of ESR is determined in the laboratory and shows the ratio of plasma protein fractions. In simple terms, the ESR will show how quickly your blood splits into fractions. It is the indicator of erythrocyte sedimentation rate that shows how quickly this occurs. If the body has an inflammatory process, then this ESR may change, which will be a clear signal of the disease. ESR rate in women ranges from 2 to 15 mm per hour.
What indicator of SEA is considered normal?
ESR norm for women depends on many factors. It is worth noting the age and, of course, the condition of the body. So, it is believed that the ESR is normal in women from 20 to 30 years old at a rate from 4 to 15 mm / hour. If a woman is pregnant, you should expect a significantly increased rate – from 20 to 45 mm per hour. For middle-aged women (from 30 to 60 years), the rate is considered to be from 8 to 25 mm per hour. If the woman has reached the age of over 60 years, then the tests are likely to show ESR from 12 to 53 mm per hour. ESR is normal in women is higher than in men.
What to do if ESR indicators are changed?
If the complete blood count determined that your ESR is not in the normal range, do not panic. Perhaps the reason for this flu or a viral infection. A repeated blood test after recovery will show that the ESR is again within normal limits.
If the ESR is overestimated, then it is quite possible that the reason lies in the diet. So, fasting, malnutrition, and even substantial food intake before testing can show an elevated ESR. Therefore, if you have any abnormalities, it is advisable to repeat the analysis. Also, a blood test ESR can be higher than normal, if you are in the period of menstruation, are susceptible to allergies or in the postpartum period.
If the figure is too high, it is worth going through additional research, exclude possible causes. If other blood counts are in order, then you can be calm.
Much less common low ESR. It may indicate vegetarianism or the intake of certain drugs.
What diseases can cause elevated ESR?
If the ESR indicator is elevated, then it may indicate the presence of tuberculosis, pneumonia and other acute inflammatory diseases. Also, an increased rate is observed in case of poisoning, cancer and myocardial infarction. Of course, analyzing the ESR is not enough to determine all these diagnoses. It is possible that the reason for the excessive analysis may be hiding in a hearty breakfast. Therefore, do not rush to get upset if the ESR is above normal.
If the analysis showed that the ESR is normal, and the lymphocytes are elevated (the norm very often depends on the laboratory and only a doctor can determine it correctly), some kind of viral infection is possible. In addition, here it should be borne in mind that the ESR indicator is very inert, so you should again retake the analysis.
How is ESR determined?
There are two main methods for determining the ESR indicator. In the post-Soviet countries, the Panchenkov method has become widespread. While international is considered the method of determining the norm of ESR on Westergren. Methods are different measurement scale and test tubes. But it should be noted that for increased ESR, the international method on Westergren will be more accurate. Although in most cases the methods will show the same results.
So, if your ESR indicator is different from the norm, you should definitely go through a reanalysis and make sure that you are not taking any medications, are not in the last, menstruation period or after surgery. Also it is necessary to pay attention to your diet.