What it is? Dyskinesia: a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Because of it, the motility of the bile ducts is destabilized, and the bile enters the duodenum incorrectly for further digestion of food. The work of the duodenum and digestive tract is impaired.
Often patients complain of bitterness in the mouth, unpleasant smell, vomiting and nausea, pain in the right side of hypochondrium. The doctor in this case sends the patient to an ultrasound to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Biliary dyskinesia is often associated with organic or functional causes. Deterioration of bladder and bile duct motility is a secondary symptom. With the defeat of the biliary tract, organic causes of dyskinesia occur, but if the regulatory function of the nervous system is impaired, then functional dyskinesia of the biliary tract occurs.
Depending on the cause, appropriate treatment is prescribed. It is important to properly and thoroughly treat biliary dyskinesia, because adults may have a complication in the form of gallstone disease and other diseases.
Depending on the type of disease, biliary dyskinesia will have the corresponding symptoms.
- 1) Hypokinetic dyskinesia (hypomotor).
- 2) Hyperkinetic dyskinesia (hypermotor).
When a deficiency of bile enters the duodenum, dyskinesia is called hypokinesia. If there is an excess amount of bile, then this disease is called hyperkinesia. With two types of dyskinesia, pain of a different nature occurs.
- With hypokinetic (atonic) dyskinesia, the patient experiences incessant, aching and dull pain without special localization.
- With hyperkinetic (spastic) dyskinesia appears acute pain in the right hypochondrium, extending to the shoulder.
Causes of biliary dyskinesia
Causes of JVP can be laid in disorders of the functioning of the liver and biliary tract. As a result of malnutrition, inflammation of the regulatory system can occur – the liver with the gallbladder, which leads to impaired motility of the biliary tract.
Also to the narrowing of the ducts, the deterioration of the motility of the biliary tract lead to outbursts of anger and irritability, bad mood and negative.
According to statistics, it is the stresses most often provoke the disease. Nervous breakdown leads to spasm of the gallbladder and ducts, there is an excessive release of bile into the duodenum. Bile enters the pancreas and blocks the movement of pancreatic fluid.
This liquid corrodes the pancreas, which leads to the formation of pancreatitis and further to diabetes. In addition to pancreatitis, there may be a complication in the form of cholelithiasis, dermatitis, cholecystitis, gastroduodenitis, duodenitis, cholecystopancreatitis.
Factors that contribute to the appearance of biliary tract dyskinesia:
- previous diseases, in particular viral hepatitis;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- respiratory tract infections;
- food allergies;
- inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract;
- endocrine disorders;
Before you begin treatment, it is necessary to identify the cause of dyskinesia. To do this, the doctor prescribes a study – analyzes of urine, as well as feces, blood, ultrasound, gastroscopy, duodenal intubation.
Symptoms of biliary dyskinesia
First of all, the symptoms of the disease will depend on the root causes, as well as the form of the disease (hyper or hypo-kinetic).
The main symptoms of biliary dyskinesia include: pain in the right hypochondrium and epigastric pain, nausea in the morning, bitter mouth, heaviness in the stomach, dyspepsia. There may be paroxysmal, stabbing, sharp or dull pain in the abdomen, in the navel.
In addition, the symptoms of neurosis and depression are often manifested – weakness, irritability, sleep disturbance, fatigue, mood swings and sweating appear.
It is not for nothing that medicine from Tibet is healing the body as a whole in order to restore the balance of energies. The complex treatment is carried out to cleanse the liver, normalize the production of bile and improve the condition of the nervous system.
By the way, the doctor can diagnose the disease during the initial examination. Palpation in the epigastric region, choledochopancreatic zone causes discomfort or sharp pain in the patient.
Diagnosis of dyskinesia
To determine dyskinesia of the biliary tract, the doctor may by external symptoms. Often the patient has an unhealthy complexion, dry skin, dermatitis, complains of pain and nausea.
Modern diagnostic methods allow us to determine the degree of motility of the biliary tract and the type of dyskinesia. Such methods include duodenal intubation, intravenous cholecystography.
Biochemical analysis of blood makes it possible to establish the level of cholesterol in the blood, liver indicators. A blood test is often prescribed for the so-called lipid spectrum to determine the density of lipoproteins.
Treatment of biliary dyskinesia
For the treatment of the disease, measures are being taken to harmonize the production of bile, cleanse the liver, and normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system. If there are small stones in the gallbladder, prescribe drugs that can dissolve the stones in the lumen of the bladder and ducts.
Assign cholagogue drugs, cholespasmolytics, neurotropic drugs, enzyme medications. In addition, physiotherapy is used.
It is advisable to use mineral water 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. In the morning on an empty stomach, it is advisable to drink ½ cup of warm water, with the addition of honey and lemon. Putting a heating pad can only be prescribed by a doctor. If there are no stones in the gallbladder, then you can periodically apply a heating pad to the right hypochondrium, taking 1-2 cups of mineral water in advance.
About fatty, spicy, fried, smoked and salty food you need to forget. For successful treatment it is necessary to use only freshly prepared foods on a pair or in boiled form. To normalize the motility of the biliary tract, it is recommended to take fruits, berries, wild rose, melons and gourds, chicken or veal meat, fish, eggs, low-fat cottage cheese and dairy products.
As drinks, it is better to use green tea with lemon and dogrose tincture, dried fruit compotes, juices. It is not recommended to use fresh white cabbage in large quantities, cabbage, peas, tomatoes. Moderate exercise and walking in the fresh air will increase the access of oxygen to the body, improve metabolism, and normalize the work of the heart and internal organs.
Treatment of folk remedies
Traditional medicine for the treatment of biliary dyskinesia suggests taking milk thistle powder, which contains a large amount of silymarin. This ingredient is a hepatoprotector and improves the functioning of the liver and biliary tract.
Choleretic effect have immortelle, artichoke, yarrow and calendula flowers. Herbal decoctions take 20-30 minutes before meals. Also a good effect has a mixture of olive oil and lemon juice in the amount of ½ cup before meals.
If the cause of dyskinesia are nervous disorders, traditional medicine offers a decoction of hawthorn, motherwort and valerian. Improving the psychoemotional state of the patient gives a positive dynamic and accelerates the healing process.
If the patient has a desire to recover quickly, he observes all the recommendations of the doctor, then in a couple of weeks his condition will significantly improve.
Such a disease as JVP depends largely on proper diet and stress resistance. There are many methods, new drugs that, when properly applied, give good results.
Which doctor to contact for treatment?
If, after reading the article, you assume that you have symptoms characteristic of this disease, then you should consult a gastroenterologist for advice.