Betadine is an antiseptic for local use. The drug includes iodine and polyvinylpyrrolidone. This complex substance is called Povidone-Iodine / Povidone-Iodide (international non-proprietary name). Betadine has antiseptic, antiviral, antiprotozoal, antifungal and disinfectant action. Iodine, which is part of Betadine in contact with the mucous and skin damages the cells of pathogenic organisms. The spectrum of action of iodine extends to gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, fungi, treponema, protozoa, viruses and acid-resistant bacteria.
Betadine is used in such diseases:
- Vaginitis mixed and non-specific.
- Bacterial vaginosis.
- Candidiasis (thrush).
- Herpes genital.
- Infections that are caused by Gardnerella vaginalis,
- Preoperative preparation (medical manipulations when skin disinfection is necessary).
- Treatment of infected and aseptic wounds.
- Treatment and prevention of complications in patients with catheters, probes and drains.
Drug prescription of Betadine forms
Betadine Dosage Forms
- Ointment Betadine. It is prescribed for the prevention of infection with abrasions, cuts, minor surgical interventions, treatment of trophic ulcers, bedsores, treatment of fungal and mixed infections.
- Betadine solution. Apply with antiseptic treatment of burn wounds, mucous membranes, skin before procedures and operations. Hygienic and surgical disinfection of hands, bladder catheterization, puncture, injection, biopsy.
- Candles Betadine. Used for acute chronic infections of the vagina, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis infection, with transvaginal surgical operations, fungal infections of the vagina, triggered by steroid drugs.
- Betadine ointment and aerosol. Before applying the surface must be cleaned and dried. An ointment or aerosol is applied in a thin layer and an aseptic dressing is applied. Wounds are treated 1-2 times a day. Course – 2 weeks. For the prevention of ointment and aerosol is applied 1 time in three days.
- Betadine solution. Whole or diluted solution is treated with abrasions, wounds, burns. A concentrated solution of treated pustular diseases, acne. The solution (1 part of the solution and 2 parts of water) disinfect healthy skin before medical manipulations. Concentrated solution disinfects the mucous membranes of the skin for 1-2 minutes before surgery. Before surgery, wiping with a sponge moistened in a 0.01-0.05% Betadine solution is performed. Treatment of burns is 1, 5, 10%: with a solution depending on the state of the burn surface. The solution is used for treatment of the birth canal, for the umbilical wound, for the prevention of conjunctivitis in infants (2-3 drops, 2.5-5% solution), etc.
- Betadine candles. Before using candles need a little wet. Use 1 suppository, which must be inserted into the vagina as far as possible before bedtime. The course of treatment is 1 week. Candles can be entered during menstruation. Sometimes the doctor prescribes to introduce 2 candles.
Use of the drug during pregnancy
Betadine can not be used in the first trimester of pregnancy and during lactation. In the second and third trimesters in exceptional cases only on the recommendation of a doctor.
Side effects of the drug
- A manifestation of the side effects of the drug is an allergic reaction to iodine in the form of itching and hyperemia. In case of obvious manifestations, the drug should be canceled.
- Sometimes an anaphylactic reaction can occur in the form of suffocation and hypotension.
- Sometimes there is the likelihood of anaphylactic choking, hypotension.
- Dermatitis with the development of psoriasis-like elements.
- If large areas are processed, sodium levels in the blood may increase, and kidney function may be impaired.
Betadine can not be used:
- When hyperthyroidism.
- With dermatitis herpetiformis.
- With simultaneous use with radioactive iodine.
- With increased hypersensitivity to iodine.
Special instructions for use
- Use Betadine patients who have compensated hyperthyroidism and thyroid gland can be strictly under the supervision of a physician.
- Betadine can not be used for children up to a year. Suppositories – from 8 years old only on the recommendation and under the supervision of a physician.
- Avoid contact with Betadine eyes.
- The use of suppositories can spoil underwear, so use pads during treatment.
- This drug lasts longer than alcohol solutions of iodine and does not irritate.
Treatment with Betadine can not be combined with other disinfecting antiseptics that contain enzymes, mercury and alkali. Betadine should be kept out of reach of children at a temperature of 5-15 ºС. Shelf life – 5 years. Candles – 2 years.
Betadine treatment is not intended for self-administration. Only a doctor on the basis of research and establishing an accurate diagnosis can recommend this drug. Be attentive to your health.