Acytylsalicylic acid, or, as it is popularly known, aspirin, is a very common drug. With the help of this drug, they beat down the temperature, treat a fever, anesthetize and even escape a hangover.
But what harm and benefits of aspirin, not many know. Most importantly, that helped! This is the wrong approach to medical treatment. Like other drugs, aspirin has a light and dark side. This article will look at issues such as the harm and benefits of aspirin, areas of use, limitations and indications.
From the history
This type of acid has been known for a very long time. How to get it? From willow bark. Her healing and analgesic properties were noticed by Hippocrates and medieval herbalists. But willow was a valuable raw material for light industry; therefore, in the field of pharmaceuticals, it was forgotten for several centuries.
Who is to thank for the new appearance of aspirin? The triumphal return organized by Napoleon during the blockade of Europe. The problem was that they stopped importing quinine, which was popular with antipyretic drugs. Then aspirin treatment came to replace it, only at that time it was known as acetylsalicylic acid. But the taste of this tool left much to be desired, and it also irritated the mucous membranes.
How did the name Aspirin appear? It all happened in 1899. Felix Hofman obtained a pure derivative of salicylic acid. Then the German company patented it and gave it the name Aspirin.
Initially, the drug was used in powder form, but over time it gained popularity. What are the harms and benefits of aspirin? To begin with, he was initially prescribed to patients who suffered from inflammation of the pleura and bladder. But later they noticed that it also helps with other diseases, such as gonorrhea or tuberculosis.
The benefits of aspirin are definitely great. Why is he so versatile? Everything is explained very simply: every human cell has a protective shell. When under any influence it breaks, arachidonic acid is released. Together with other enzymes, it signals a breakdown (fever, fever, inflammation). Can I drink aspirin in such cases? Of course, it reduces the release of enzymes, thereby inhibiting inflammatory processes.
Aspirin helps with a large number of diseases, flu and acute respiratory infections are not limited. For example, take the cardiovascular diseases that are very common in our country. Aspirin is often used to thin the blood. How to take and how long the treatment course lasts will be described a little later.
The fact is that acetylsalicylic acid is able to thin the blood, thereby reducing the risk of blood clots, and consequently reduces the risk of heart attacks, strokes. Note that a large dose of aspirin can help even with a heart attack that has already happened. Mortality decreases by twenty-three percent from it.
The results of a study by American scientists revealed another useful property of acetylsalicylic acid. They describe how to take aspirin for cancer prevention. If this drug is used throughout the year, the disease does not progress, the tumor is reduced, and the risk of metastasis is significantly reduced.
There is one but: the study of aspirin in this area is not yet sufficiently supported by the facts, so it cannot be included in anti-cancer therapy.
The harm and benefits of aspirin do not apply equally to all groups of the population. We suggest you to study separately the effect of aspirin during pregnancy.
Any drug, which just do not take, can harm the mother and unborn baby during pregnancy. Even the most innocuous drugs have limitations or cautions regarding the expectation of expectant mothers. Even vitamins, and those are not always allowed, and not any.
Aspirin is very difficult to call a safe remedy for a pregnant girl, but many doctors prescribe it for prevention. How to understand them? The fact is that acetylsalicylic acid can only harm the first and third trimesters.
Why these periods? Everything is explained quite simply. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the formation of the internal organs of the baby occurs, so aspirin can harm this process. In the third trimester, the risk is due to the fact that it dilutes the blood, as a result of which there may be a large loss of blood during birth.
Some doctors in their wards do not recommend taking this drug, so they find a less dangerous substitute for it. Why? Because aspirin has an aggressive composition and has many side effects. As for the question: The benefits of aspirin and harm, what more? – it’s up to you. The reverse side of aspirin is presented below.
- abnormal liver / kidney function;
- the formation of asthma;
- ulcerative lesion of the gastrointestinal tract;
- hearing loss;
Harm during pregnancy
- risk of miscarriage;
- pregnancy complications;
- risk of placental abruption;
- heart and lung complications in a child;
- bleeding during childbirth.
Why do I need aspirin pregnant
If you are used to using this drug for headaches, temperature, then it’s time to give it up. Paracetamol safe during pregnancy will be a good substitute.
However, some people need to drink aspirin, for example, if blood clotting is increased. In these cases, the child receives poor oxygen, which threatens with miscarriage. If a woman has found this problem or there is a risk, then a quarter-dose of aspirin is prescribed per day.
Also, it is prescribed for varicose veins, but there are less dangerous drugs, for example, Curantil. If the situation is not critical, then it is recommended to use instead of medical treatment products that thin the blood: cranberries, carrots, beets.
Aspirin for blood thinning: how to take, dosage
Often in colloquial speech is the concept of thick blood. You should not take everything literally. Blood clotting is responsible for platelets. Over time, the human body undergoes strong hormonal changes. In the blood there are substances that affect the rate of platelet aggregation, which leads to the formation of blood clots (blood clots). They are the cause of sudden death of people.
To think about this issue is necessary in forty years. Daily intake of aspirin reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
We note that many have not enough patience for all the treatment, they finish the course earlier than they should be. But only daily and long-term use of drugs containing aspirin will help in this problem.
The choice of medication should be given to the doctor, only he can choose the right drug that does not harm your health. Who should pay special attention? People who have heart attacks and strokes in the family. Hemorrhoids and varicose veins are also signals.
Aspirin: instructions, price
Dosage and method of administration depends on the purpose of the reception. If we are talking about prevention, then it is worth taking for life when you reach a certain age. You need to drink one tablet in the evening, drinking water. Why drink at night? It is at this time of day that the likelihood of blood clots is high. In emergency situations, the tablet must be chewed and placed under the tongue.
The daily dose for prophylaxis is 100 mg, for treatment – 300 mg. As a rule, aspirin is sold in a pharmacy with a dosage of 500 mg, so you should be careful. Overdose can aggravate the overall clinical picture and lead to an increased rate of blood clot formation.
Are there any analogues for this drug? Of course, yes:
To thin the blood by taking aspirin can not be limited. You need to seriously review your diet. There should include fruits, vegetables, berries, fish, a large amount of liquid.
Prices for acetylsalicylic acid range from one hundred to five hundred rubles.