Arthritis of the hip joint is one of the most common causes of discomfort in the thigh. This disease is progressive, that is, it begins gradually and worsens over time. The term arthritis literally means joint inflammation.
Arthritis occurs when the surface is labial (articular) or washing. Cartilage is usually applied bearing in the joint. When he wears out, there is pain and stiffness appears.
It is impossible to predict the occurrence of arthritis. Currently, older people have various forms of diseases that occur in young people and even in children. However, there are some risk factors.
- Geneticist. Arthritis is often a hereditary problem.
- Children’s orthopedic diseases, including the development of hip dysplasia, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and epiphysiolysis.
- Acquired conditions, such as aseptic necrosis, if treatment was unsuccessful.
- A change in the shape of the hip joint itself, including the condition in which the bones of the thigh acquire an abnormal shape.
- Severe injury. Fractures or traumatic dislocations may increase the likelihood of arthritis.
- Obesity. Some studies associate it with knee arthritis.
The following types of arthritis can adversely affect the hip joint:
- Systemic lupus erythematosus;
- Rheumatoid arthritis;
- Ankylosing spondylitis;
- Psoriatic arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus usually affect both thighs at once, while osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis can develop only in one hip.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of this disease are:
- Unpleasant sensations in the groin, outer thigh, or buttocks.
- As a rule, sensations in the morning intensify and the day when you do any work decreases.
- Difficulty in walking or unexpected lameness (arising from muscle atrophy). The weakness of the berry muscles means that people have passionate arthritis. This condition is known as the Trendelenburg gait.
- Pain that is aggravated by sudden movements or vigorous activity.
- Feeling of sluggishness of the hip or a limited range of motion.
- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis or lupus may also complain of fatigue and weakness. Arthritis often enters the remission phase, but some people experience a relatively stable level of pain without an outbreak.
- In humans, joints may be affected, and in hip arthritis.
It should be noted that the signs and symptoms of arthritis rarely decrease in a linear fashion. Often, people over the age of thirty or forty years experience a sudden pain, a sharp pain in the groin, thigh, or buttocks. Such pain can last up to 48 hours.
If you suspect you are suffering from arthritis, the most important factor is an accurate diagnosis. The doctor may prescribe a suitable and effective treatment. Diagnostic evaluation is likely to include the following steps:
- Familiarize your doctor with your medical history. He asks you questions and you are in pain.
- Physical examination.
- To determine if there is an abnormality in the joints.
- Blood tests for antibodies associated with a particular type of arthritis (only when necessary).
Non-surgical treatment of hip arthritis may involve several, or one of the following:
- Taking anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen.
- Ice therapy. The package can be applied in the period from 20 minutes to 2 hours (this can lead to ice burns). Ice packs help relieve pain and reduce inflammation in tissues.
- Injections of corticosteroids to block inflammation in the joint.
- Physiotherapy programs or exercises to increase flexibility and support muscle tone. Swimming, in particular, is an excellent exercise for arthritis patients.
- Many people believe that reduce arthritis pain. This is usually associated with more severe discomfort during the cold winter months. Since they provide soothing warmth to the joints.
- Using a cane, or other devices, allows you to make moving forward easier and safer.
- A person can make adjustments to their lifestyle. Thus, the patient should understand that excessive activity (or vice versa, its lack) will only aggravate the problem. If necessary, have to reduce excess weight. Over time, each patient learns the optimal level of activity of his affected joint.
Many people suffer from arthritis, are candidates for surgery. Surgery can help reduce pain, improve quality of life, and improve your ability to perform daily activities with fewer or fewer limitations.
Total hip arthroplasty may be appropriate if the hip joint is severely damaged.
Osteotomy can be justified in less common cases. Thus, it allows a healthy part of the hip joint to carry most of the body weight.
Cartilage tissue will begin to recover, swelling will decrease, mobility and activity of the joints will return. And all this without surgeries and expensive drugs. Just start.