The names of these diseases of the joints are consonant, but the accompanying symptoms, pathological process and treatment are different.
With arthrosis and arthritis, the joints are affected. But if arthrosis affects only the joints, then arthritis implies inflammation throughout the body. Possible causes of inflammation are infections, disorders of the immune system or metabolism, therefore, arthritis often affects internal organs.
Arthrosis and arthritis differ in the nature of pain and discomfort during movements, associated symptoms and the age of patients.
What is arthrosis and arthritis
Arthrosis (more correct name – osteoarthritis) – chronic disease of the joints, in which they are gradually deformed. It is caused by damage to the cartilage tissue of the articular surfaces.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis are severe pain in the joint and a decrease in its mobility. In advanced cases, the joint becomes immobile.
Most often, arthrosis develops in people 45 years and older, although it occurs in younger people. The development of arthrosis is more susceptible to women and people with congenital diseases of the bones and joints (genetic factor), as well as those who are overweight or have had joint surgery, joint injuries (acquired factor). Arthrosis can be primary and secondary. In the first case, the disease is a consequence of impaired cartilage cell regeneration processes caused by poor blood supply or nutrition of the tissues of the joints. Secondary arthrosis develops in a previously affected joint (for example, if the joint has suffered due to injury). With arthritis, inflammation in the joints may occur later and be unstable.
According to statistics, 10-15% of the inhabitants of the Earth suffer from arthrosis.
Arthritis called a group of diseases of the joints. Arthritis is an inflammatory process in the joints that has a traumatic, infectious, or dystrophic origin.
Arthritis is accompanied by pain in the joint (especially while moving), possibly limiting mobility. Often the joint swells, changes shape, the skin over the joint turns red. However, the inflammation in the joints of arthritis hides inflammation throughout the body. Therefore, arthritis often affects the liver, heart, kidneys.
As a rule, the disease begins at the age of 40 years. About 2% of people in the world suffer from arthritis.
How to distinguish arthrosis from arthritis
Consider how symptoms of joint disease in arthrosis and arthritis manifest themselves.
Pain. In case of arthrosis, pain manifests itself, as a rule, only during movement and heavy load. At first, it is not very strong, so a person often does not pay attention to it, which aggravates the disease. With the development of arthrosis, the pain manifests itself with a small load and even at rest, but subsides if the person occupies a comfortable position.
With arthritis, pain is felt not only in motion, but also in peace. This disease is characterized by pain at night (especially in
Crunch. This symptom is characteristic of arthrosis. It occurs due to the destruction of the cartilage layer and friction of the bones. Crunch accompanied by a specific sound – rough and dry. This sound becomes stronger with the development of arthrosis.
Reduced joint mobility. If the joint is affected by arthritis, it reduces the amplitude of the movements. With arthritis, the joint or the whole body is constrained.
Deformity of the joint. With arthrosis, the joint is gradually deformed. During exacerbation, swelling may occur, which is accompanied by aching pain. In arthritis, the inflamed joint is also deformed, but this causes swelling and redness, with sharp pain being felt, nodules can appear. The place of inflammation is hot to the touch.
Blood test indicators. As a rule, arthrosis does not affect the performance of a clinical blood test. But with arthritis, the ESR increases significantly. An increase in the number of leukocytes indicates the presence in the body of an infectious-inflammatory process.
In arthritis, a biochemical blood test demonstrates an increase in inflammatory markers, and in arthrosis, these indicators remain normal.
Localization. Most often, arthrosis affects the knee and hip joints, the joints of the big toes. Less commonly, the ankle and knuckles of the upper phalanges are affected.
The stiffness of the hands in the morning is one of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Swelling and inflammation of the joints at the base of the fingers may indicate rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis. A likely sign of arthritis is inflammation of one, and, especially, two wrist joints.
Other possible signs of arthritis are redness and swelling of at least one finger on the arm and leg; severe pain in the big toes, knee or ankle joints, which is accompanied by swelling and redness, occurs and disappears suddenly, and then repeats.
In addition, infectious arthritis is often accompanied by symptoms of an infectious disease. The temperature rises, weakness, chills or excessive sweating occur, the whole body hurts.
Arthrosis and Arthritis Treatment
When treating these diseases, different approaches are used. For arthrosis, painkillers are prescribed (nimesulide and
Arthritis treatment depends on the form of the disease. It is necessary to avoid excessive physical exertion, unhealthy diet, do not abuse alcohol. In the treatment of arthritis, antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are injected into the joints. The effectiveness of treatment is improved by physiotherapeutic procedures and medical gymnastics.