Alcohol treatment methods
Treatment of alcoholism is a rather difficult task, given that alcoholism is not just an addiction to alcohol, but a painful personality change of varying severity. Most alcoholics do not consider themselves as such, treatment seems unnecessary to them, and the intervention of loved ones is perceived aggressively. Therefore, in order to have a better chance of success, you need to at least know in general how alcoholism is treated, what methods of influencing the illness and drinking behavior are used.
Relatively speaking, methods of treating alcoholism can be divided into physical (Torpedo, Esperal, decoctions and infusions) and psychological (coding, hypnosis, prayers, conspiracies), although in reality they are closely interrelated. Without the psychological conviction of the drinker in the need for treatment, there will be no sense even from the most modern medicines, and support at the physical level will help withstand the psychological difficulties of giving up alcohol.
Treatment of alcoholism folk remedies
Folk methods of treating alcoholism mean all the means of alternative medicine developed by healers, medicine men and people just confronted with this problem. Drink in Russia for a long time. Therefore, piggy bank methods are large.
The most common is the preparation and giving to the drinker of means that cause aversion to alcohol. In the language of official medicine, this is called aversive therapy. Folk remedies for alcohol is not only herbal medicine. Used animals, natural ingredients. Here are some of the most common methods.
Grass and spores of moons (lycopodia, baranets). This is a poisonous plant of the forest zone of Russia. For treatment, decoction broth is prepared – 5 grams of dry grass and spores per 100 ml of water. The mixture is boiled, cooled and stored for no more than three days in the refrigerator. The drinker is given 50-100 ml of broth, and after 10-20 minutes a small amount of alcoholic beverage. The resulting vomiting is fixed in the brain connection drank – vomited – it became bad. For fixing, they give a sniff of alcohol in the intervals between bouts of vomiting – the newly appeared severe nausea enhances the reflex connection. Baranets is poisonous. Special zeal in the treatment is fraught with severe poisoning, even death.
Popular fees based on lovage. One of them is a mixture of lovage and bay leaf, the second collection is prepared on the basis of lovage with the addition of violet leaves, yarrow grass and lemon balm. An alcoholic infusion is prepared from a mixture of herbs, which is offered to the drinker in the amount of about 1/3 – 1/2 cup. Vomiting develops, the connection is fixed between the taste of the alcoholic drink and the deterioration of the condition. If you want to drink, only this infusion is given.
A decoction of ungulates mixed with vodka and is given only to drink this mixture. Goosefoot causes severe nausea and vomiting.
A decoction of oats is also effective against alcoholism. The broth is prepared at the rate of 50 parts of dry oats with husks and the same amount of water, boiled for 30 minutes, filtered, mixed with calendula flowers and steamed for 10-12 hours. Accepted 1 glass 3 times a day.
Birch firewood, sprinkled with sugar – a famous popular method of treatment of alcoholism. Burned wood sprinkled with sugar, after the flame inflames, it is extinguished, but so that there was abundant smoke. Inhalation of this smoke causes aversion to alcohol.
Drugs for the treatment of alcoholism
With drugs from alcoholism traditionally there is confusion: many mix tools for the treatment of alcohol dependence and a hangover cure. The first drugs either eliminate craving for alcohol, or work as a means of aversive therapy. The second group of drugs is designed to reduce and quickly get rid of the symptoms of a hangover: nausea, headache, feeling of weakness and the like.
Aversive therapy involves treatment with drugs that cause severe symptoms when they are used together with alcohol. Discomfort, deterioration of well-being, psychological discomfort from alcohol on the background of treatment form a dislike for alcohol. True, without periodic support, this hostility, like all conditioned reflexes, quickly dies away, the person returns to alcoholism again.
Brief description of drugs used to treat alcoholism ..
Disulfiram and its analogues
Disulfram, Antabus, Antikol, Lidevin, Teturam, Esperal cause an ethanol-disulfiram reaction in the body. Its essence is as follows: while in the body, disulfiram preparations do not manifest themselves (although, like all medicines, disulfiram has side effects). It does not manifest itself because there is no need to produce acetaldehyde dehydrogenase – an enzyme involved in the metabolism of ethanol.
But when alcohol enters the body, disulfiram inhibits the production of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes the breakdown of alcohol to stop at the stage of accumulation of acetic acetaldehyde. Acetic acetaldehyde is the strongest poison, toxin. It causes intoxication, which is expressed by a decrease in blood pressure, palpitations, a feeling of fear, panic, nausea, headache, weakness. Within 48 hours, disulfiram acts and all this time a person literally flattens out sensations – if not in the degree of manifestation, then in the duration of their duration. Available in the form of tablets, tablets for implantation, capsules.
French tablet formulation, active substance Esperal – disulfiram, but the drug is highly purified, which, according to the manufacturer, reduces the frequency and severity of its side effects. Available in pill form.
Since 1985 Tetlong-250 has been used – a drug for intramuscular administration. This is a prolonged form of disulfiram, is available in the form of ampoules for injection, for subcutaneous implantation and in the form of tablets for oral administration.
Tetlong-250 injection into the muscle is the creation of a disulfiram depot, which is slowly absorbed, prolonging the effect of the disulfiram-ethanol reaction. Convenience Tetlong-250 is that there is no need to control taking pills.
Produced by Laboratorios Vitoria as an oral solution. It is dosed according to the individual scheme. Active ingredient – cyanamide. The effect of cyanamide is similar to the effects of taking disulfiram, but softer, and the drug is less toxic. In addition, Colme has no taste and smell, and it can be added to food and beverages. Naturally, this should happen with the knowledge of the drinker. Colme is widely used to treat alcoholism in the West, and in many countries the treatment method with Colme is the main one.
Dovzhenko treatment of alcoholism
Dovzhenko coding – the method of hypnotic influence, when the doctor, acting in a certain way, against the background of a specially developed method of preparation, inspires the patient to lead a sober lifestyle. With the help of persuasion and superficial hypnosis, the patient formulates a dominant, according to which he perceives smell, taste, type of alcohol as unpleasant. In parallel, the patient is convinced of the dangers of violating the ban on alcohol.
For the effectiveness of the Dovzhenko method, it is necessary to conduct the whole complex of therapy, which consists of examining and consulting the patient with a doctor, group classes and an individual coding session. The minimum encoding period is 1 year.
Acupuncture Alcohol Therapy
By acting on biologically active points by introducing special needles into them, the acupuncture refractorist inactivates those points that are “responsible” for craving for alcohol, and those that suppress this attraction, contribute to the normalization of mental processes, on the contrary, it activates. The points of influence are chosen individually, on the basis of the history of life and illness, the duration of alcohol addiction, and general condition.
Laser treatment of alcoholism is one of their coding methods, when a laser beam calculated on a computer according to certain parameters affects the body points located on the skin and which are related to the centers of dependence in the brain. A light pulse activates or suppresses certain foci of the brain, thereby blocking the craving for alcohol.
Torpedo or chemical protection – a long-known method of treatment of alcoholism. By torpedo is meant a disulfiram drug, administered intravenously or other drugs acting in the same way (Antinol, Binostym, Aquilong Depot, Actoplex, Algominal, Stopethyl). A prerequisite for treatment with Torpedo is the patient’s desire and subsequent thorough examination.
The essence of the technique – the creation of a strong fear of death in the case of alcohol. This fear is reinforced by the intravenous administration of a drug followed by the ingestion of an alcoholic beverage. Since this is all done in the presence of a doctor, the dose of medication is chosen on the verge of the maximum possible for a particular patient. The result is an extremely pronounced disulfiram-ethanol reaction. In this case, the patient is inspired that the same reaction awaits him when drinking alcohol in the future.
Treatment of alcoholism in the monastery
Faith is not a miracle. Faith is a feeling of support from above even in the most difficult life circumstances. The success of the treatment of alcoholism in the monastery is based precisely on the support of a person, and this support comes not only from the outside, but from the feeling of God inside. This is the strength of the spirit – it is often her lack of drinkers. And, of course, the monastic limitations and the complexities of everyday life, the workload of duties, the need to visit services play a huge role.
Treatment of alcoholism without the knowledge of the patient
This is not a treatment, but rather a desperate step of loved ones. When it is impossible to convince the drinker of the need for treatment, when a large part of the family budget is spent on alcohol, and the patient is aggressive and out of control – mothers and wives decide to “cure” without the knowledge of an alcoholic.
This is not an option. Alcoholism is not a cold, just medicine cannot help here. This is a deep psychological (and even mental), social, physical problem. Even if the effect will be – it turns out to be temporary: and for the reason that it is impossible to always keep the booze under control. And because the reflex needs to be maintained constantly, always – and can you pour any bottle or portion of food into each bottle or pour medicine? In addition, the same disulfiram has a disgusting taste, and tasteless Colme is very expensive. These drugs are unsafe, toxic – both by themselves and (especially) in combination with alcohol. And, finally, sooner or later the deception will be revealed – it is impossible to predict the consequences of the reaction of the drinker.
Forced alcohol treatment
Compulsory treatment of alcoholism remains only in the memories of the LTP of the USSR and in places of detention. In the Russian Federation there is no law that would allow the treatment of alcoholism (as well as any other disease) by coercive methods, without the consent of the patient.
It is possible that there were such precedents in court practice – but the execution of such a decision is unlikely: no one can start treatment without obtaining the informed consent of the patient. Another issue – treatment with the consent of the guardian, eating a patient with alcoholism is recognized insane. But it is a long, difficult path, with a lot of nuances and difficulties.
In MLS, compulsory treatment for alcoholism is possible – there is a corresponding order of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation No. 229 of August 3, 2001. More information about compulsory treatment of alcoholism is described in an article on our website.
Clinics for the treatment of alcoholism
Moscow Scientific and Practical Center for Narcology
Located at: Moscow, st. Lublinskaya, 37/1, telephone hotline 8 (495) 709-64-04. Treatment is carried out according to the health insurance policy, free of charge for citizens of the Russian Federation.
Drug Treatment Hospital №17
The largest drug abuse treatment facility in Europe. Works under the patronage of the Moscow Patriarchate. Treatment is free. Address: Moscow, st. Bolotnikovskaya, d. 16, reference service 8 (499) 317-20-69.
Reception is also conducted in drug treatment clinics located in all districts of Moscow.
Clinic Dr. Vorobyev
The author’s own methods of treating addictions, including alcoholism. The clinic is located at the address: Moscow. Reserve Passage, 11A, telephone 8 (800) 555-66-26.
Consultations in the clinic are free. Inpatient treatment from 8500 to 15000 rubles per day. Aversive therapy with Vivitrol is carried out, the cost of the injection is from 6,000 rubles to 20,000 rubles.
Medical Center Sphere-Med
Assists in Moscow at the address: Tikhvinsky Lane, 10/12, building 2 (entrance from the end of the building), multi-channel telephone (495) 661-3100. Primary reception and consultation of the doctor costs 4000 rubles. Treatment of alcoholism, depending on the method – from 5,000 to 8,000 rubles. There are also detoxification procedures and blood purification using various methods.
Accepts patients at the Moscow region, Naro-Fominsk district, Aprelevka city, Shchorsa street 29. Phone +7 (495) 984-05-21. The cost of coding in the clinic from 2900 rubles and above. Depending on the patient’s history, the drug chosen, the treatment regimen. The original diagnostic and treatment program of the clinic costs from 144,000 rubles and more, depending on the duration and number of treatment units.
St. Petersburg State Health Institution City Hospital of St. Petersburg
Located at St. Petersburg, Vasilyevsky Island, 4th Line, 23-25, Phone 8 (812) 323-43-08. Reception is free.
Interdistrict Drug Dispensary №1.
Address: St. Petersburg, st. Stakhanovtsev, house 12, art. Novocherkasskaya metro station. For further information please call (812) 444-91-28. For those standing at the dispensary, help is free.
City Narcological Hospital
Receives insurance policies. Address St. Petersburg,
Medical Center UltraMed
St. Petersburg, st. Dostoevsky, 9a, room. 20H. Telephone: 970-41-20. Consultation with a doctor from 600 rubles and above, inpatient treatment from 3000 and above, depending on the treatment program. Filing from 2700 to 5200 rubles. Possible treatment on credit.
St. Petersburg, st. Mira d. 16, telephone help desk (812) 447-07-47, (812) 744-72-72. The cost of consulting a doctor is from 1,200, treatment depending on methods from 2,700 (Esperal for 1 year) to 8,000 rubles. There are discounts.
Narcological regional dispensary of Yekaterinburg
Yekaterinburg, st. Khalturina, 44a. Telephone for information (343) 245-76-35
Yekaterinburg, prosp. Astronauts, 90a. Record and inquiries by phone (343) 368-71-90
Regional Narcological Dispensary of the Yekaterinburg Region
Yekaterinburg, Medical Lane, 5a. Pre-registration is required. Helpline phone number (343) 332-70-27.
Clinic Clear, 31
620146, Yekaterinburg, ul. Clear, 31, cab. 103, 104. Telephone for information and writing to the consultation (343) 372-35-11. Treatment of alcohol dependence from 2800 to 8000 rubles.
Private clinic EkbMed
Yekaterinburg, st. Gurzufskaya, 15, round-the-clock telephone for information (343) 207 50 03. Treatment of alcohol dependence is conducted according to a variety of methods. The cost of treatment is from 6,000 rubles with the subsequent support for 6 months.
Center for Progressive Medicine (LLC Center for Progressive Medicine)
Yekaterinburg city. st. Volgogradskaya 43, telephone (343) 2692793. The cost of treating alcohol addiction from 2,800 rubles.
State Health Organization Narcological Dispensary
Krasnodar region. Located at Krasnodar, st. Tyulyaeva, 16. Telephones for information and writing (861) 236-95-85, (861) 268-65-86. Dispensary narcological regional Located at Krasnodar, st. October, 39, telephone reception (861) 268-69-93
30 years of Victory Street, 100, phone (86137) 57205. Persons suffering from alcoholism when registering for dispensary registration are taken for free. Anonymous treatment is paid, from 2000 rubles. Doctor Vorobiev Clinic – Krasnodar, ul. March 8, 29/4. Telephone for information (861) 260-14-96, (861) 236-04-27. The cost of treatment is from 5,000 rubles.
GUZ Samara Regional ND
Address: Samara, South Highway, 18. (846) 266-05-39; 8 (846) 266-05-45
LLC “Clinic of rehabilitation technologies“ DARA ”
Kharkiv Regional Drug Dispensary
Kharkov, st. Ochakovskaya, 15. Telephone Registry (057) 3402135. All drug treatment assistance, free of charge to those who are at the dispensary observation.
Private drug treatment center Avicenna
Clinic Dr. Alex
Ukraine, Kharkov, st. Vorobyov, 4. Phones of the clinic (057) 719 88 88, 731 12 03. The cost of treatment is from 900 hryvnia.
Friend of the person, psychological support room
Open daily at Kharkov, st. Orenburg, 4. Telephone for information 0672906079. The cost of services is calculated individually.