Modern life requires from a person a good memory, both in study and work, and simply in everyday affairs. However, memory is not always our reliable ally, sometimes it fails at the crucial moment. The causes of memory loss can be completely different, respectively, and will be different treatment methods.
Kinds of memory disorders
There are several classifications of memory disorders. According to one of them, memory loss, or amnesia, is divided into partial or total. With a complete loss of memory, as the name implies, there is a loss of memories for some period of time in full. With partial amnesia, everything is much more complicated: not all memories disappear, but only a part of them, besides, mixing of remnants of memories in time and space, breaking of causal relationships between events is possible.
Another classification separates memory loss by time. So, retrograde amnesia is observed in a situation where a person does not remember the event only for a while, for example, after an injury, and then the memory is restored in full. Progressive amnesia is a much more serious and unpleasant disease. When it disappears from the memory of events from the present to the past events. But childhood memories and experiences are clearly remembered. Also, progressive amnesia does not extend to skills and abilities (for example, professional skills for working at the machine). In addition, there is also a stationary loss of memory, when only strictly defined events are forgotten.
Memory loss at a young age
At a young age, memory loss can occur from smoking, drinking alcohol and drugs. Alcohol has a great negative effect in combination with certain medications. When taking drugs, amnesia often has a local character – the events that took place during and immediately after taking drugs are forgotten. However, with long-term use of such drugs memory disorder can spread to the rest of life.
Common causes of memory loss at a young age are stresses and nervous experiences. Stress is a very powerful mechanism that, by changing the biochemistry of our body, helped to survive in times of cavemen, for example, to escape from the saber-toothed tiger. Now the situations that cause stress are mostly not as dangerous as in cave times, but its effect remains the same. One of them is the redistribution of all the forces of our body to the “beat-run” reaction. Memory in this case is an extra function – “remembering” consumes energy, attention and time, which can prevent from escaping from that very tiger.
Loss of memory also occurs due to the habit of taking on several cases at once. Unloved work, a couple of hobbies, as well as “social” things that need to be done (to help parents or wife around the house, give them a lift, etc.) – leads to a constant shift of attention from one topic to another, which over time negative effect on memory.
Memory and problems with the thyroid gland, which occur in women after 50 years, worsen. Failure in the secretion of hormones thyroid leads to a slowdown in metabolism, which, in turn, adversely affects the brain, and, of course, leads to problems with memory. Also, women are prone to memory disorders during pregnancy, but this time the negative effect is the opposite due to the surge of a large amount of hormones in the body.
In patients with epilepsy, memory loss may occur during seizures (convulsions). Sometimes certain moments of life are forgotten in some mental disorders, as unfavorable, unpleasant to a person.
Memory loss from injury
Memory loss with concussion of the brain is retrograde in nature, that is, events from the moment of injury for a few hours are forgotten. If the injury was more serious, for example, a brain contusion, then retrograde amnesia expands to anterografia amnesia – the patient does not remember not only the events that occurred before the injury, but also those that occurred after the injury lasting up to several hours.
Age memory loss
With age, memory loss is natural. Moreover, the first minor processes of deterioration begin with 30 years. However, serious problems appear after 55-60, when it is possible to forget some recent events (people had breakfast or not, why went into the room, etc.). However, age has another unpleasant moment – the risk of developing a memory loss disease like Alzheimer’s disease. Gradually progressing, this terrible disease changes the behavior of an elderly person, first acting on a short-term, and then on a long-term memory. A patient susceptible to this disease, as a rule, is not even aware of what is happening to him.
Memory loss treatment
Since the causes of memory loss can be many, and the symptoms vary greatly, treatment begins with a comprehensive examination, which includes:
- Consultations of various doctors: neuropathologist, narcologist, psychiatrist, infectious disease specialist
- CT scan
- Ultrasound of neck vessels
- Magnetic resonance imaging
Treatment of memory loss is assigned depending on the cause of it. As a rule, drugs that affect the brain are used, as well as fortifying drugs (Glycine, Ginkgo biloba) and vitamins B and E. A patient with a psychologist and psychotherapist can help the patient.
Memory Improving Products
For small memory disorders, the introduction of the following foods into the diet can help:
- Walnuts, as well as hazelnuts and almonds.
- Pumpkin and sunflower seeds
- Apples, red and purple grapes, blueberries
- Fish, primarily salmon, and fish oil containing Omega-3 fatty acids
- Broccoli, spinach and other greens
- Chocolate in moderation
- Red meat (beef) in moderation
- Red caviar (if possible)
- Organic coffee in very small quantities
In addition, it is advisable to drink a sufficient amount of ordinary pure water.
Thus, they carry out prevention: eating right, leading a healthy lifestyle, training your attention, you will significantly reduce the risk of diseases associated with memory disorders. And, knowing the symptoms and causes of memory loss, you can consult a doctor in time to minimize the negative effects of this unpleasant illness.