Reproductive technologies significantly increase the chances of infertile couples to conceive. One of the most important stages of the IVF technique is embryo transfer. Embryo infusion is a standard procedure. However, before the embryo is placed in the uterus, it is carefully checked for the absence of genetic abnormalities. When a quality specimen (embryo) is identified, it is transported into the woman’s body. The process is painless and does not take much time. Whether implantation has occurred is judged by the symptoms after embryo transfer: a stomach ache, nausea and dizziness appear, and most importantly, the hCG test is positive.
Unfortunately, there are married couples who have exhausted the possibilities of conceiving a baby in a natural way. In such cases, the diagnosis of infertility sounds like a sentence. Do not despair: modern medicine has stepped forward and most cases of infertility can be cured. The main thing is to find out the reason for which pregnancy does not occur.
In determining the method of treatment for the treatment of infertility, the doctor takes into account many factors: the age of the expectant parents, chronic diseases, genetic features.
One of the reasons that prevents pregnancy, are hormonal disorders. This factor is successfully eliminated by hormonal drugs. But there are the most difficult diagnoses (violation of the patency of the fallopian tubes, adhesive disease of the reproductive organs, the male factor of infertility), in which drug therapy is ineffective. In such cases, refer to the method of IVF.
The basis of the method of IVF is that the fertilization of the female germ cell occurs outside the female body. Fertilization of the egg in artificial conditions is a difficult manipulation. The quality of the embryo depends on the properties of spermatozoa and female germ cells, the success of the process of extracting mature cells, and the experience of a reproductive specialist.
After puncture of the follicles, the resulting female germ cells go to the embryologist. It is this specialist who assesses the maturity of the obtained biological material and selects the highest quality cells. Oocytes are placed in a nutrient medium. After four to six hours, the fertilization of the egg with sperm is carried out under observation.
If problems with conception are caused by the pathology of the male reproductive system (the content of active spermatozoa in the semen is insignificant), the ICSI method is used to increase the probability of successful fertilization. The essence of this method consists in the introduction of a sperm into the cytoplasm of the egg using a special needle.
When the preparations for the IVF procedure are completed, the embryo is transferred. To ensure that the embryo transfer was successful, the hormonal background of the patient, ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries are examined before replanting.
The embryos are placed in a special container that is connected to a syringe. Under ultrasound control, embryos are gently placed in the uterine cavity. At the end of the medical action, the woman is in the gynecological chair for another forty minutes. The process does not cause pain. With embryo transfer, slight discomfort may occur. But temporary discomfort passes at the end of the procedure.
Sometimes, after embryo transfer, the stomach aches and pulls. Doctors recommend that after replanting embryos to lie down for half an hour to get rid of stress and tension. Usually, after resting the pain goes away without a trace.
The attending physician conducts extensive briefing on the features of further therapeutic measures. The doctor also introduces an extract, which contains recommendations on nutrition, exercise, test time, which determines the successful conception.
If, after the transfer of embryos, the stomach, back, and bloody discharges are observed, do not be afraid. It should be about sensations inform the attending physician. Only a specialist makes conclusions about pathological conditions after embryo transfer.
Stomach ache: what it says and what to do
Minor abdominal pain after the IVF procedure bothers 85% of patients. Therefore, doctors recommend reducing the threshold of anxiety. Embryo transfer pain can occur during the first hours after the manipulation or several days later.
The pain lasts two to three weeks:
- Mechanical damage to the ovaries during IVF. The IVF program involves the simultaneous growth of several follicles. In one menstrual cycle, only one egg matures. When the ovulatory cycle is stimulated, the number of ovules reaches ten to fifteen. To remove an egg, it is necessary to pierce the follicle (microtrauma).
- Embryo implantation. Most women, the outcome of IVF in which effective, noted the presence of minor pain in the abdomen and lower back. It is known that if after the transfer of embryos the loin hurts, it is not associated with the pathology of the spine. At the first stage of pregnancy, no changes occur that affect the spine or provoke compression of the nerve endings. Back pain are reflected in nature, and the reason for this is gynecology.
- Increased gas formation. Unhealthy diet is the cause of bloating.
- Fluctuations in hormonal status.
- Big uterus. If two or three embryos develop, the uterus increases significantly. Ligaments that support the body, are stretched, causing pain.
When to worry:
- The pain after embryo transfer is acute, intolerable.
- Intensive bleeding occurs along with pain.
These signs are not always an alarm. Symptoms may be due to hormonal changes, fragile embryo attachment. The doctor will dispel doubts, and if necessary, prescribe treatment.
In any situation, it is desirable to remain calm and adhere to the recommendations of the doctor: watch the menu, relax more, take walks in nature. Do not be afraid to seek help and refuse self-medication.
According to statistics, the majority of women after the transfer of embryos were diagnosed bleeding. If the pink colored discharge appeared on the sixth – twelfth day after IVF, then this is implant bleeding.
Implant bleeding is an early sign of the emergence of a new life. When the embryo is implanted, the small endometrial capillaries are damaged. It is for this reason that minor bleeding occurs.
In clinics specializing in methods of reproduction, patients are informed in detail about the effects of artificial insemination and possible symptoms. Doctors of the clinic Center of IVF Smolensk are ready to provide round-the-clock assistance to patients after the transfer of embryos.