The usual schedule of cases can be suddenly disturbed by such an unpleasant illness as diarrhea. Sometimes a complicated bacteriological analysis is required to determine the cause of the disease.
Causes of diarrhea after antibiotics
And sometimes the reason is to take drugs belonging to the group of antibacterial drugs.
Why does diarrhea start after antibiotics in an adult? What to do to alleviate the suffering and get rid of the disease?
The development of diarrhea, or diarrhea, due to antibiotic intake is a common phenomenon. Even in the pharmacy instructions for the use of certain antibiotics, diarrhea is indicated as a side effect.
The thing is that when taking antibiotics orally in the form of capsules or tablets, not only the harmful bacteria are destroyed, but also the beneficial bacteria responsible for the normal functioning of the intestine. As a result, the intestinal microflora changes, new strains of bacteria appear, provoking attacks of diarrhea.
In medicine, this side effect of antibiotics is called antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD).
Taking antibiotics should always be treated with extreme caution.
The likelihood of developing a side effect in the form of diarrhea increases if:
- older people took antibiotics;
- antibiotics are taken for already existing acute and chronic diseases of the digestive organs, as well as for other somatic diseases that lower the immunity;
- during treatment, higher doses of the antibiotic are required;
- the regimen of the drug is disrupted (the time of admission is not respected, the drug is changed).
Diarrhea can begin on the very first day of antibiotic treatment, as well as on subsequent days. When liquid stool appears, do not panic, as there are treatments that alleviate the symptoms and bring the body back to normal.
Measures to help with diarrhea
The human intestinal microflora is able to recover independently over time. But it is known that with diarrhea, bacteria are washed out of the body along with the excreted fluid, so the natural restoration of the flora can proceed slowly.
How to treat diarrhea after taking antibiotics in an adult? What needs to be done to restore bowel balance?
Treatment should be comprehensive, the only way to achieve recovery.
Diet food and proper drinking regime
Viscous liquid porridges will help normalize stools and improve intestinal peristalsis in the first days of diarrhea – Semolina and pureed buckwheat, steam omelette, rice soup broth. Kissels from sweet berries and fruits are useful, they also have an astringent effect.
Liquid, viscous porridges help to establish intestinal peristalsis
Bananas, baked apples and boiled eggs containing pectin should be on the menu every day. Bread should be replaced with unsweetened homemade breadcrumbs.
It is not recommended to use foods containing fiber, bakery products, milk and dairy products. They can irritate the intestines and increase the attacks of diarrhea.
Bananas, baked apples, and boiled eggs containing pectin should be on the menu every day.
Gradually, you can diversify the menu with steam meat or fish cutlets, vegetable soups, crumbly cereals (except for millet and barley).
Useful for the intestinal flora yogurt, which can be used daily from the first days of the imbalance.
Yogurt is good for intestinal flora.
The ban on the use of bread is removed a week after the improvement.
An important role in the treatment is the correct drinking regime. In this period Fluid intake should be increased to 3 liters per day. Suitable as clean drinking water, and unsweetened compote, diluted natural juice.
Fluid intake should be increased to 3 liters per day.
Diarrhea after antibiotics: how to treat folk remedies in an adult
Older herbalists offer to make and use for removing the symptoms of infusions and decoctions of herbs, which has a sorbing and astringent effect, and also restores the balance of the intestine.
Recipes infusions and decoctions:
- For cooking rice broth, boil half a cup of rice in 4 cups of water until rice is cooked until cooked. Strain and drink 150 g every 3 hours.
- Infuse crushed oak bark and dry leaves of calamus (equal shares) in 250 ml boiling water for 45 minutes. Take three times a day, 100 ml before meals.
- 1 teaspoon of crushed dry pomegranate crusts cook in a glass of water at a slow boil for 5 minutes. Take 15 minutes before a meal, 150 ml.
- 4 tbsp. l harvesting dry herbs (into 3 parts of plantain, lingonberry leaf, two parts of rowan berries, mint grass and eucalyptus leaves) boil in a liter of water for 1 minute, strain after infusion for an hour. Drink 30 ml seven times a day.
Good remedies for enhancing local immunity are infusions of Hypericum, Yarrow, Nettle, Peppermint, and Potentilla. Enough to brew a glass of boiling water with a small amount of grass, cool and drink the resulting infusion throughout the day.
If diarrhea occurs without inflammatory processes and is not accompanied by an increase in temperature, then folk remedies will help return the intestine to its former mode of operation.
Treatment of diarrhea with medications
It is necessary to use medical preparations under the supervision of a specialist.. When asking for help in the clinic, it is important to inform the doctor about taking antibiotics. Then the doctor will explain how to treat diarrhea after antibiotics in an adult, what to do to relieve acute symptoms.
Important! You can not begin drug treatment without making a correct diagnosis. Only a doctor can prescribe medications for diarrhea.
Probiotics and Erosorbents
Pharmacies offer a wide range of drugs that are successfully used in the treatment of diarrhea.
The composition and mechanism of exposure to drugs are divided into the following groups:
- enterosorbents – drugs that have a sorbing effect;
- probiotics – they contain beneficial bacteria necessary for the intestinal function.
Enterosorbent preparations retain and remove from the body the waste products of bacteria and other toxins. This group includes activated carbon, Smecta, Polysorb powders, Enterosgel in the form of a suspension. They absorb decay products, toxins, effectively clearing the intestinal flora from pathogens.
The group of probiotics is Linex., known and widely used drug. He is able to quickly get rid of the effects of antibiotic therapy. Same The drug of the new generation Rioflora Balance Neo deserves attention.
The course of treatment with probiotics lasts 2 weeks after the end of antibiotics
Unlike Linex, it consists of 9 strains of live beneficial bacteria. Among other things, it has a healing effect, therefore it relieves the intestinal walls from wounds and ulcers formed during diarrhea. Also In the pharmacy without a prescription you can buy probiotics Bifiform, Hilak Forte, Bifidumbakterin.
The course of treatment with probiotics lasts 2 weeks after the end of antibiotics.
Loperamide is widely used to treat diarrhea. But it can only be used for mild to moderate disease. The effectiveness of this drug will increase if taken along with probiotics.
With a strong degree of diarrhea in adults after treatment with antibiotics, Loperamide can strengthen the disease, as it reduces intestinal motility and slows the elimination of toxins. Intoxication may occur.
How to prevent the development of diarrhea
Is it possible to prevent diarrhea after antibiotics in adults, what to do in order to avoid negative consequences?
The possibility of developing diarrhea can be foreseen immediately, as soon as a course of treatment with antibacterial drugs is prescribed.
Note! Most often, diarrhea begins after taking antibiotics such as tetracyclines and aminoglycosides. The wider the spectrum of action of antibiotics, the more likely diarrhea.
To reduce the chance of disturbing the intestinal flora, It is necessary simultaneously with antibiotics to start taking probiotics belonging to the group of symbiotics (Laminolact).
The bacteria contained in their composition help beneficial microorganisms to transfer the aggressive effects of antibiotics on the intestinal microflora. During this period, you can include yogurt and low-fat kefir in your daily diet and eliminate fried, fatty and smoked products.
Such a complex therapy will allow maintaining the intestinal microflora in a healthy state.
No less important rule is strict adherence to the dose of prescribed antibiotics. Compliance with the medication regimen will eliminate overdose and reduce the risk of unpleasant consequences.
What happens if not treated
Diarrhea, including after taking antibiotics in an adult, is dangerous because it leads to dehydration and leaching of minerals. If you do nothing, the consequences may be irreversible.
Signs of pseudomembranous colitis (how to distinguish from other types of diarrhea)
Pseudomembranous colitis is a severe form of intestinal disorder associated with taking antibiotics. This is a deadly disease for humans caused by the reproduction of microbes of the species Clostridium difficile.
In the normal functioning of the intestine, the reproduction of these microorganisms is blocked by other bacteria in the intestine. When the intestinal microflora is inhibited by antibiotics, the beneficial bacteria die, which leads to the growth of the pathogenic environment.
Reproduction Clostridium reaches a critical level, and their waste products poison the intestines.
Recognize pseudomembranous colitis by the following symptoms:
- increased diarrhea, the frequency of attacks increases up to 20 times a day;
- initially liquid stool becomes watery with the inclusion of clots of mucus and sometimes blood, changes color to greenish, acquires an unpleasant odor;
- body temperature rises;
- cuts belly;
- bouts of vomiting and nausea occur;
- there is a weakness of the body.
Diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis is performed using biochemical analysis. If the disease is confirmed, then antibiotics are prescribed that can kill pathogens.
Who is at risk
The development of consequences is most likely in the following cases:
- elderly age;
- if there is a chronic or acute disease that lowers the immune system;
- if laxatives were taken along with antibiotics;
- if a person is unable to eat, feed on the probe;
- if antibiotics are taken during pregnancy or lactation;
- if antibiotics are taken with anti-cancer drugs;
- if the patient is HIV-infected.
How to protect yourself from infection to relatives and friends
Pseudomembranous colitis is an infectious disease, so others need to take measures to protect themselves from infection.
It is necessary to allocate items for personal use for the patient and limit his use of common items.
Infection is transmitted through the use of common items, so you cannot make them available to the patient. If an adult has diarrhea in the family after taking antibiotics, you should immediately begin preventive measures that will minimize infection of other family members.
Personal hygiene items must be individualized.
It is necessary to allocate items for personal use for the patient and restrict his use of common items.
Bed linen, towels, dishes, personal hygiene items must be individualized. After use, patients need to wash the dishes in hot water, and then additionally pour on boiling water. The room requires constant airing and wet cleaning.
Recovery occurs if for 2 days vomiting and diarrhea do not appear even once.
When the help of a doctor is needed
Despite the fact that diarrhea can often go away on its own and not cause serious consequences, in some cases its manifestation requires the urgent participation of a physician.
If diarrhea begins while taking antibiotics, then a doctor’s consultation is required for all but especially pregnant women, patients with renal or heart failure, cancer patients, and HIV-infected.
Calling a doctor is necessary if:
- bowel disorder increases with time;
- abdominal cramps and cramps occur;
- the temperature rises against the background of the general weakness of the body;
- the feces is a green liquid with traces of mucus and blood.
It is important to know! Self-medication in the above cases is dangerous. Lack of qualified assistance can lead to irreversible consequences.
With increasing temperature and general weakness, a doctor’s call is necessary.
Only the correct dose of medication selected by the doctor will help to avoid such consequences as diarrhea after antibiotics in an adult. What to do in such cases, can only advise a specialist.
In most cases, diarrhea can quickly stop with proper treatment. In some cases, it can turn into pseudomembranous colitis – a serious infectious disease that, if left untreated, can be fatal.
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