One of the most common human diseases that can gradually irreversibly damage blood vessels and the heart for a long time is hypertension.
Hypertension – silent killer
With insufficient and untimely provision of qualified medical care, this silent ailment, forcing the main body to work for wear, is manifested by the development of cardiac muscle weakness, stroke, angina, renal or heart failure, leading to disability and death. Hypertension can be called a silent killer. This disease, striking the body, destroys it, endangering important vital organs (heart, kidney, brain). Very many people do not even realize that they have certain problems with blood pressure, and it is often possible to diagnose the disease only when a person has already developed stage 1 hypertension. Complaints will be headaches (arising from a spasm of cerebral vessels), poor sleep, fatigue, weakness, tinnitus. A pressure of 140 per 100 is a sign of a developed initial stage of increased arterial hypertension.
Functioning of the cardiovascular system
Indicators of normal and high blood pressure
A good blood pressure is 110 at 70 or 120 at 80 mm Hg. Art. Hypertension of the first degree is considered data when the pressure is 140 to 100, the second (moderate) degree is 160 to 100, severe third degree is 180 to 110 and higher. Blood pressure increases with atrophy of arteries and vascular walls. Heart (stenocardia, myocardial infarction, ischemia) and brain (stroke, memory, attention) lesions occur with elevated upper (systolic) pressure, disorders in the body associated with the kidneys – with reduced diastolic. With an increase in the values of the upper and lower pressure, it must be reduced. Hypertension is an incurable chronic disease that is still amenable to adjustment and treatment, the main thing is to notice failures in the body in time and immediately consult a doctor – as soon as the tonometer data registers the pressure of 140 by 100 several times. blood pressure can be very diverse.
Reasons for the occurrence and development of hypertension
The exact etiology of this disease has not been established. There are many factors that contribute to the emergence, and then stabilization of high numbers on the pressure measurement device. The development of hypertension with data, when blood pressure is 140 per 100 and higher, contribute to renal dysfunction, malfunction of the endocrine glands, bowel disease, constant tension of the nervous system, food imbalance, stress, genetic predisposition, overweight, lack of exercise, age-related changes in the body, atherosclerosis.
Blood pressure misconceptions
Regardless of the unpleasant pain in the neck, nausea, the stone head and the actively beating heart, we consciously do not care about our health and continue to glow and load our body. Very often, arterial hypertension (which has become very “younger” in recent years) proceeds without any symptoms, and irreversible changes take place inside. It was then, when, after measuring the pressure, you saw the indicators on the 140-by-90 tonometer, you need to sound the alarm, because the pressure of 140 by 100 is already a serious signal about the beginning health problems. Do not allow all adverse processes associated with pressure to take their course. Many misconceptions about the fact that all this will pass by itself, contribute to the fact that can form persistent hypertension. You need to know that the hereditary factor also plays a role in the emergence of problems with pressure, but then everyone will be able to correct their lifestyle and tune in to a positive and healthy way. When prescribing medications that lower blood pressure by your doctor, you should drink them all the time, keeping the dosage. It is important not to reduce the pressure, but to stabilize its performance.
What happens if the disease is not restrained and not treated
When the pressure is above normal values, be sure to pay attention to it. The patient should not have a question what to do if the pressure is 140 to 100. A person should clearly understand that behind these indicators lies the further progression of the disease with gradual hypertrophy of the vascular walls, interruptions of the heart’s work, disorders of its blood supply and all other organs and tissues. . Against this background, hypertensive crises can occur, which are accompanied by vomiting, nausea, increased headaches, sweating, confusion, speech disorder, increased pulse rate and heartbeat. All these symptoms are accompanied by heart pain and are signs that the heart is no longer able to properly perform its functions. Heart failure gradually develops into angina pectoris with the development of atherosclerosis, further myocardial infarction or stroke. And when the pressure is 140 to 50, this already indicates the development of heart disease.
Methods of lowering blood pressure
If you feel a sharp rise in blood pressure, you can use several tips. However, it must be remembered that the independent reduction of blood pressure should be performed with caution, since with a sharp jump from high to low, manifestations of dizziness, vomiting and even coma are possible. If the tonometer repeatedly records pressure 140 by 100, how to lower it? Knowledge of point medicine will help: by massaging in a circular motion for one minute a point located at the level of the earlobe at a distance of 0.5 cm from ear to nose, you can achieve a good drop in blood pressure. It is possible to reduce the level of pressure with green tea or hibiscus. Taking sedative herbs (motherwort, lavender, valerian, etc.) or hawthorn broth will also help to cope with a slight increase in blood pressure.
Prevention of high blood pressure
A pressure of 140 to 100 must be controlled in order to avoid the occurrence of complications. Comprehensive prevention of the onset of arterial hypertension is what can stop its development with minor manifestations. It is advisable to regularly measure your pressure at rest at a certain time of day. It is necessary to change the way of eating: eliminate salty, eat less sweet, flour, smoked, fatty (everything that contributes to the development of atherosclerosis). We must strive to reduce excess weight (if any); give yourself moderate exercise (preferably in the open air); limit yourself from stressful situations, noise; ensure adequate and complete sleep; give up smoking, alcohol, strong tea, coffee. A complete change of lifestyle, the normalization of all modes (from nutrition to labor), compliance with the rules when using drugs (if prescribed by the attending physician) are all effective measures to prevent the disease of arterial hypertension.