My birthmark always confused me. It is from my childhood, on my right hand, closer to my wrist. I can not say that it is too big, but I would like it not to be. At first, I didn’t pay much attention to him, but later, having matured, I decided to somehow cover up "mark". I even had to buy a watch on a special strap. When I put them on – I feel somehow more confident and attractive. Maybe I have one like that.
They are so common for us, we are accustomed to them, because we have seen them since birth, and not only in our own lives, but also in our loved ones: parents, grandmothers, grandfathers, brothers and sisters. They are moles or birthmarks. Depending on the shape and size of the birthmark, he was treated ambiguously: someone liked them, someone considered them deformity and anger of God, for someone the birthmark became almost destiny. What is a birthmark?
Birthmark is this.
clearly visible education on the skin that has a person from birth. It is impossible to say unequivocally that the birthmark is a serious physical disability. Why? Yes, simply because if the birthmark does not have an unaesthetic shape and size, if it does not belong to the category of skin pathologies, if it is possible to remove the birthmarks without harming the person, then you should not worry about the appearance of the stain.
Birthmark is usually called a violation of the development of the skin (less often – mucous membranes), characterized by the appearance of various in shape and size of formations, which consist of nevus cells. This type of cell is an accumulation of skin cells that contain melanosomes or pigment granules (melanocytes).
Of course, the types of birthmarks are different. Therefore, let’s look at some of them.
Types of birthmarks
It is most trivial to see clusters of nevus cells on the skin, because birthmarks on the body are not uncommon. However, except that a birthmark may appear on the face, congenital spots on the conjunctiva and mucous membranes may occur.
This is the most common type of birthmark. The period of their formation on the skin – up to 20 years of human life. This may be a birthmark on the leg, on the skin of the face, neck, and body. Usually, such birthmarks look like a small nodule (dot) of black or dark brown color.
It represents strawberry, red birthmarks, soft and prominent. Strawberry hemangioma can be as small in size as a regular freckle, and quite large. This type of birthmark is an underdeveloped vascular material, which is separated from the general circulatory system during the intrauterine development of the child. This kind of spots appears in the first days of life or at birth. Statistics of hemangioma 1/10, that is, the probability of the appearance of such a mole is small.
Strawberry hemangioma usually disappears at the age of 5-10. Therefore, it is better not to treat it, but simply wait until it disappears or turns pale. Treatment may have worse consequences. You can remove a birthmark if it increases constantly and interferes with any functions of the body.
This kind of birthmark is quite rare (1/100 ratio of newborns). The spot itself consists of mature and large elements of blood vessels, while it affects not only the superficial layers of the skin. Basically, it is a loose bluish-red mass with not as distinct boundaries as the strawberry hemangioma. Usually, the spot grows for the first six months of life, for as much growth slows down, and from year to year – the growth is decreasing. By the age of 12, such spots completely disappear, sometimes there can be a barely noticeable scar.
Birthmark "stork bite"
Such a birthmark (simple nevus) is salmon-colored spots on the eyelids, on the forehead, near the nose or mouth. Such pigment spots are visible up to two years of life, and then – they brighten and are noticeable if the child cries or strains strongly. These spots do not practically create cosmetic problems, as they are almost invisible on the skin.
Wine stain (fire nevus)
Such spots have a purple-red color and consist of dilated capillaries. They do not change shade over time and do not disappear, therefore, are considered permanent. Such birthmarks can be treated with a laser, which in most cases gives a good result. Consult with your doctor, who will give you the necessary advice.
It has a color ranging from blue to pale gray. This kind of blemish is found on the buttocks, on the back, on the shoulders, or on the legs of people belonging to the Native American or Asian race. These spots are not uncommon, as they occur in 9 out of 10 cases in newborns.
These spots are more likely to pigmentation of the skin than to birthmarks. Types of pigment spots are different (chloasma, lentigo, moles). These birthmarks are considered permanent and remain forever. If a child has a lot of them (5-7), then it is better to consult a doctor who will monitor the skin of the child.