Red moles on the body are benign formations, and appear due to violations or abnormalities of the work of vessels of different sizes, which are responsible for providing the skin with blood.
The formation of such moles on the human body is more characteristic of children’s age, however, cases of their occurrence have also been repeatedly observed in adults.
Ordinary moles are a cluster of large amounts of pigment under the influence of melanin. Depending on the amount of pigment, there are pronounced moles and poorly pigmented. Most of them are benign and pose absolutely no threat to human health. But there are some species that eventually degenerate into malignant tumors, which is a signal of dangerous diseases.
Red spots on the body, like moles, are angiomas, that is, nodules consisting of overgrown vessels. They may be small, and take up a lot of space on the body, or vice versa – large, but be placed in individual versions on the face, chest or abdomen. Why they appear on the human body, and what to do with them, we will try to make out in this article.
Red moles on the body: the causes of
In general, red moles (angiomas) are benign neoplasms, which have a characteristic feature – they turn pale when pressed, returning to the previous color. They can be located on completely different layers of the skin. Education is possible on the arterial, venous, or even capillary region.
The causes of this pathology are not exactly known. The main thing that doctors say is that these small red moles on the body do not pose any danger to life and health. Such small moles can appear on the body anywhere and with anyone, but most often they are found in children. Because their organism grows, and the circulatory system develops intensively and undergoes significant changes.
It is believed that the cause of the appearance of red moles on the body of an adult can be hormonal changes occurring in the body. A hereditary factor is not excluded, and perhaps the appearance of such points is affected by excessive sun exposure, excessively intense activity of blood vessels, or diseases of the stomach and intestines.
In any case, when a red dot appears similar to a mole, you need to visit a doctor for preventive purposes to make sure that this is not a signal of dangerous diseases.
The main problem is an increase in moles in size, although worrying and panic is also not worth it. In the course of rapid growth, these benign tumors can reach 1.5 cm or more. Most often, in this case, they are treated with a method of treatment, which consists in surgical removal.
Types of moles
These tumors are divided into several varieties. They differ among themselves due to their appearance and specific location in the skin layers.
- according to the composition of the tissue – branched, flat, knotty, pineal, arachnid;
- in shape – a spot, plexus capillaries;
- by quantity, simple angioma (one) and cavernous (several closely located);
- on external symptoms – stellate, cavernous, point, capillary;
- in color – from pale pink to burgundy with a bluish tinge;
- in structure – flat, which do not rise above the skin, and bulging with a clear elevation;
- localization – on the arm, body, face;
- by vessel type – arterial, venous and capillary.
If several moles are located close to each other in the form of several consecutive benign tumors, experts speak of cavernous or cavernous angiome.
Red birthmarks – a signal of dangerous diseases?
In general, red moles on the human body are not dangerous and pass on their own without any intervention. In most cases, experts believe that episodic observation of them is quite enough. If the mole does not interfere, does not increase in size and does not bother its owner, it does not have a negative impact on the human body and is completely harmless.
There is another side to the coin. The main problem of these moles is their ability to degenerate into skin cancer. If the angioma was initially red, and then began to darken, turn blue, etc. – this is a signal about a possible malignant degeneration.
In addition, if the angiome is accidentally opened, severe bleeding may occur. Such bleeding is dangerous. Therefore, if you accidentally damaged a mole, and it began to bleed, you need to put a sterile bandage and immediately consult a doctor. In most cases, these phenomena subsequently stimulate the growth of angiomas.
Treatment or removal of red moles
Traditional medicine, of course, offers its methods of getting rid of the defect. But this case – not too successful for experiments – with moles, even benign ones.
In most cases, specialists do not prescribe any special treatment for small red moles, as they pass by themselves. If the mole is not subject to friction with clothing and does not increase in size, it is also better not to remove it. A change in color or size is a reason for an emergency visit to the doctor.
The most common type of treatment is laser surgery, but there are other methods. The peculiarity of angioma burning out with a CO2 laser is the evaporation of the tumor tissue and the sealing of the vessels leading to it. It is worth noting that flat formations are treatable much easier than bulging ones.
Other removal methods:
- cryodestruction method;
- using a laser;
- radiosurgical method.
Each method has its own indications or contraindications, therefore, before treatment it is necessary to have an examination, including the presence of cancer cells. After removing the red birthmark, it is recommended to refrain from visiting the solarium and prolonged exposure to the sun for at least one month. Therefore, removal is recommended in the autumn-winter season, when solar activity is minimal.