The brilliant play is dedicated to the life and customs of the noble society. And in the center of the narration is a man whose worldview differs significantly from the system of views of those around him. A writing on the topic “Griboedov. Woe from Wit, ”schoolchildren write year after year. The comedy will never lose its moral and artistic power, which is why it is one of those great works that should not only be read, but also analyzed.
Griboedov’s play "Woe from Wit" was created for about three years. In 1822, the work was completed. However, it was published only after seventeen years and in a distorted form. Censorship edits significantly changed the author’s text. The original play was published much later.
It is rather difficult to present Russian literature without this work. The unsurpassed essay “Woe from Wit”, the images of which personify the vices of the capital’s society, also conveys the oppositional spirit, which embraced the most advanced representatives of the nobility.
Acute socio-political problems affect the comedy "Woe from Wit." Writing on one of the themes for the work of Griboyedov involves the study of artistic conflict. And here he is not alone. At the beginning of the work a kind of love conflict begins. Then the author of the comedy raises socio-political issues. On the one hand, a progressive-minded young man. On the other – representatives of the reactionary nobility. Their time is running out, but there is still no place for advanced ideas in this society. The themes of the writings are traditionally devoted to the collision of two alien worlds.
“Woe from Wit” is a work with an open ending. Who has won? Chatsky? Or silent and famusovy? Does not give a clear answer to these questions comedy "Woe from Wit." For nearly two centuries, the writing of a tragically deceased diplomat and playwright has provided food for deep philosophical reflection.
The name of the comedy itself speaks of the misfortune of the protagonist. Chatsky’s problem is that he is smart. Here, however, the mind is more synonymous with the word "free-thinking".
The author makes it clear to the reader that all his characters, with the exception of Chatsky, are stupid. But each of them does not know about it, believing himself to be intelligent, but the madman of one who does not wish to share his views. A writing on the topic “Griboedov. Grief from the mind ”can reveal the question of the ambiguity of such a thing as the mind. After all, Famusov and Molchalin believe that he is nothing but the ability to adapt and derive mercantile benefit. To cheer up, to commit meanness and enter into marriages solely on account of – this is a peculiar way of thinking and a way of life that reign in Moscow society, modern Griboyedov.
After two hundred years, little has changed in the outlook of people. That is why the essay on the topic “Griboedov. Grief from the mind "can answer questions such as" What is the modern comedy of the Russian classic? "," What is its relevance? ".
Image of Chatsky
In Russian literature, this hero occupies a special place. In the work there is a Decembrist spirit, so relevant for that time. The author pays attention to national historical, social and political issues.
But if you close your eyes to the events in whose atmosphere a brilliant play was created, and see in the system of images only characteristic psychological types that are invariably present in society, the question will arise: "Is such Chatsky able to evoke sympathy today?" Hardly. He is witty and smart, independent in his judgments and sincere. However, if he had appeared before those who had bred at school years over textbooks of literature, creating an essay on the topic “Griboedov. Woe from Wit, ”they would not understand him. He would only see a puzzled famusovsky look.
Griboedov combined in his work the features of dying classicism and the new for that period literary direction – realism. The play is also not without romantic features.
The author does not ignore the mandatory principles of classicism. The storyline in the work is only one, and all actions take place in one place. The author endowed his characters with talking names, which is typical of the creative work of representatives of classicism. But the romantic exclusiveness of Chatsky is not typical of this literary movement. And finally, comedy has historical certainty, which is a sign of realism.
The school program offers a variety of essay topics. “Woe from Wit” is a unique work of art. Literary techniques that are used in it, in the work on the creative task should not be ignored. This play was written at a turning point in the history of Russian literature. That is why it combines such different artistic forms.