Black cumin seeds cultivated in Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Egypt, India, USA, Central Asia, the Mediterranean, Transcaucasia and the North Caucasus, have long been traditionally used as a spicy and flavorful culinary seasoning (due to its widespread use in cooking in different countries of the world, Eastern spice black cumin wears a number of other names, among them – “Chernushka”, “Indian cumin”, “cumin,“ zira ”,“ roman coriander ”,“ gira ”,“ cmin ”,“ shabrei ”).
But no less famous for a long time black cumin seeds and vegetable oil obtained from them (black cumin oil) and as a unique in its healing power means for the treatment of various diseases.
According to modern archaeological research, the history of the use of black cumin oil in traditional medicine in Asia, Africa, the Mediterranean and the Middle East has more than 3,000 years. The amazing healing properties of black cumin oil were mentioned in their medical treatises by the famous Hippocrates and the ancient Greek pharmacologist Dioscorides. The inhabitants of ancient Egypt used black cumin oil as a natural cosmetic and as part of an antidote for snake bites, and also used this healthy vegetable product to improve digestion, to get rid of worms, to improve the liver, lungs and kidneys. Black cumin oil received the greatest popularity in ancient oriental medicine due to mentioning it in the Quran (the prophet Mohammed black cumin oil was called “a remedy for all ailments except death”), as well as thanks to the glorification of this natural product in scientific works Avicennaya, who asserted that Black cumin helps a person not only to fight against diseases, but also contributes to the increase of “vital force”, overcoming fatigue and overwork. It is worth noting that, and how many centuries ago, Black cumin oil with diverse medicinal properties is still widely used in Ayurveda. (the traditional system of Indian Vedic medicine).
Currently, many well-known pharmaceutical companies from around the world are adding black cumin seeds and oil to various medications. (as pharmacological raw materials, black cumin is most actively used in the Arab states and in countries such as France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States).
The most high-quality black cumin oil, containing in its composition the maximum amount of the most useful vitamins, minerals and biologically active substances, is produced by cold pressing (pressed) black cumin seeds containing up to 36% of this valuable vegetable fat. Raw materials for the production of black cumin oil, as a rule, are grown in ecologically clean areas without using any chemicals harmful to human health during cultivation.
Black cumin oil, which is a greenish-brown liquid, has a sharp spicy aroma and a characteristic tart, astringent taste.
It is worth noting that the most “soft” and delicate in taste and aroma are black cumin oils produced in Syria and Turkey. Black cumin seed oils, supplied from Ethiopia, Egypt or Saudi Arabia, have a richer flavor and aroma.
The composition of black cumin oil
The black cumin oil, which has a high nutritional and biological value, contains more than 100 different components, 50 of which are catalysts for metabolic processes occurring in the human body.
The composition of the oil of black cumin contains unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, phospholipids (46% of which are phosphatidylcholines), 15 amino acids (at
Black cumin oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids beneficial for the human body (more than 85%) (in the fatty acid composition of this natural herbal product, linoleic polyunsaturated acid omega-6 (up to 58%) content mono-unsaturated acid omega-9 in black cumin oil reaches 24%). Other fatty acids are also present in the composition of black cumin oil: palmitic (up to 14%), stearic (up to 3.5%), arachidic (up to 1.2%), myristic (up to 0.4%), linolenic (Omega- 3) (less than 0.2%), palmitoleic (about 0.1%).
Essential Omega-6 and Omega-9 fatty acids in black cumin oil help to improve the cardiovascular, nervous and digestive systems, restore normal hormonal balance and normalize lipid metabolism, prevent the development of inflammatory processes, and also have a beneficial effect on the skin, play an important role in strengthening the immune system and cleansing the human body from all kinds of harmful substances.
Part of the black cumin oil vitamin E, as well as unsaturated fatty acids, has anti-inflammatory properties, takes an active part in the formation of immunity, restores the water balance of the skin, improves the functioning of the heart and blood vessels. In addition, this powerful natural antioxidant contained in the seed oil of black cumin, a beneficial effect on the muscular system, greatly enhancing physical strength and endurance, plays a crucial role in the functioning of the human reproductive system and is necessary for full embryonic development.
The powerful wound-healing ability of black cumin oil is largely due to those contained in this product. carotenoids (transformed under the influence of enzymes in the human body into antioxidant vitamin A). Vitamin A synthesized from carotenoids promotes active regeneration of damaged skin and mucous membranes, stimulates collagen synthesis, and helps stabilize blood glucose levels. Vitamin A, essential for the complete formation of bones and tooth enamel, as well as for the natural production of sex hormones, as well as vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids in the composition of black cumin oil, plays an important role in strengthening the immune defense of the human body.
“Plant hormones” phytosterols, high content of which differs black cumin oil, necessary for the human body for the natural production of hormones, provitamin D and bile acids. Providing immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action, as well as reducing the blood sugar and cholesterol, phytosterols are often used as components of various drugs for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular, endocrine, diseases of the prostate gland.
Therapeutic and prophylactic properties of black cumin oil
Rich necessary to human body vitamins, minerals, and biologically active substances, saturated natural “antibiotics” and immunostimulants, having a wide range of useful properties (antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, antifungal, antispasmodic, diuretic, choleretic, analgesic et al.) An oil of black cumin over For many centuries, it has traditionally been widely used in Ayurveda, in folk medicine in the countries of the Middle East, Asia, Africa and the Caucasus.
Studies conducted in 1992 by Indian scientists have proven that Black cumin oil is a very effective means of combating various types of pathogens. In the course of these studies, in particular, it was found that, due to the bactericidal effect, black cumin oil surpasses some types of synthetic antibacterial drugs very popular in the official medicine of the time, such as ampicillin, gentamicin, tetracycline, etc. It was also established that in contrast to artificially obtained “antibiotics”, black cumin oil in the fight against bacteria harmful to the human body (including the causative agents of cholera) acted selectively, without disturbing the balance of beneficial intestinal microflora and not causing dysbacteriosis.
The benefits of black cumin oil for the cardiovascular system. The complex consisting of unsaturated Omega-6 and Omega-9 acids contained in black cumin oil, phytosterols, flavonoids, vitamins A, C and E, essential oils, strengthens and increases the elasticity of blood vessel walls, reduces capillary fragility and permeability, prevents the formation of blood clots, lowers blood pressure, reduces blood cholesterol, preventing the formation of dangerous atherosclerotic plaques, and also suppresses blood vessel spasms and prevents the development of inflammation body processes in the cardiovascular system. A beneficial integrated effect on the heart and blood vessels. Regular use of black cumin oil can bring tangible benefits in prophylaxis and in the complex treatment of atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, vegetative-vascular dystonia, inflammatory heart diseases and blood vessels, diseases associated with impaired cerebral circulation, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis thrombosis
Black cumin oil improves the digestive system. Black cumin oil helps to increase appetite, greatly improves the motility of the stomach and intestines, has a choleretic effect, restores the normal balance of beneficial intestinal flora, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, and also helps to eliminate dyspeptic phenomena associated with digestive disorders (belching, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, diarrhea). Phospholipids contained in black cumin oil improve liver detoxification function, promote the restoration of hepatocyte cell membranes, and prevent the development of fatty degeneration of the liver. The tannins, flavonoids, vitamins A and E, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterols, zinc and manganese, which are part of the black cumin oil, hamper the development of inflammatory and erosive-ulcerative processes in the digestive system organs. In addition, black cumin oil has long and traditionally been used in traditional medicine as an effective antihelminthic. Introduction to the diet of black cumin oil can be very useful for the prevention and as part of an integrated treatment of helminth infections, goiter, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, gastritis, enterocolitis, enteritis, colitis, gallstones, biliary dyskinesia, pancreatitis, hepatitis, cholecystitis, cholangitis, cholecystocholangitis, liver steatosis, cirrhosis.
And also the regular use of black cumin oil is very useful:
- Sick diabetes (black cumin oil contains substances that regulate blood sugar levels and are involved in the natural synthesis of insulin (among these substances are vitamins A, E, D, B1, B3, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese, selenium, and also some amino acids )
- People suffering from obesity (polyunsaturated omega-6 and omega-9 acids contained in black cumin oil and other biochemical components of this herbal product actively contribute to the improvement of lipid metabolism. That is why the beauties of ancient Egypt used black cumin oil to preserve their slim figure)
- Breastfeeding women (Black cumin oil, when regularly eaten, greatly enhances lactation – the process of milk formation and accumulation in the mammary gland by a breastfeeding woman. In addition, the lubrication of black cumin oil with nipple cracks formed during breastfeeding promotes their effective and rapid healing) .
- With respiratory diseases (Provider antipyretic, expectorating and bronchodilatory action, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antibacterial and antiviral properties of black cumin oil for internal and external application is very effective in the treatment of bronchial asthma, seasonal allergies, pneumonia, bronchitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, maxillary sinusitis, SARS, and can bring tangible benefits in the treatment of cough associated with respiratory diseases).
- In diseases of the female and male reproductive systems. The vitamins A and E contained in black cumin oil, phytosterols, zinc, manganese and selenium in the complex actively contribute to an increase in libido and potency, normalize testosterone production, and have a beneficial effect on the spermatogenesis process (increase sperm count and mobility, improve sperm quality), and also improve the blood supply to the male genital organs and prevent the development of inflammatory processes in them. Concerning Black cumin oil is recommended to be regularly eaten for violations of erectile function, varicocele, prostatitis, prostate adenoma, male infertility. Black cumin oil also has a beneficial effect on the functional state of the female genitalia. Estrogen-like phytosterols, vitamins E and group B, omega-6 and omega-9 fatty acids that make up this herbal product help restore the optimal hormonal balance in a woman’s body, and also prevent the development of tumors and inflammatory processes in the organs of the female reproductive system. That is why The introduction of black cumin oil in the diet can be beneficial for menstrual disorders, female infertility, mastopathy, as well as for a number of inflammatory-infectious and oncological diseases of the female reproductive system.
- In diseases of the urinary system (Black cumin seed oil with bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties is very effective in prevention and as part of complex treatment of urolithiasis, nephritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis and other diseases of the excretory system)
- To improve memory and nervous system, to improve mental and physical performance (black cumin oil is rich in phospholipids, zinc, B vitamins, which improve brain and nervous system, and also contains vitamin E, phosphorus and calcium, which are necessary for the full functioning of the muscles).
- To strengthen the immune system, for the prevention of cancer. Scientific studies have shown that black cumin oil, rich in antioxidants, stimulates the activity of the thymus gland, a lymphoid organ responsible for the immune defense of the human body. Also, scientists have found that with regular consumption of black cumin oil in food, the functional state of the bone marrow significantly improves. This fact determines the expediency of using black cumin oil in the diet of patients with leukemia (blood cancer).
In addition, black cumin oil for external use is most effective when:
- Skin diseases (Black cumin oil, which has bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal and anti-allergic effects on the skin
- Accompanying pain syndrome of muscles and joints
- Ear and rhinitis (runny nose)
You can learn about the various ways of using black cumin oil as part of complex treatment of various diseases in the section “Medical recipes based on black cumin oil”.
The use of black cumin oil in cosmetology
It is a rich source of substances that have a beneficial effect on skin and hair. (unsaturated omega-6 and omega-9 acids, vitamins A, E and group B, phytosterols, zinc and other mineral substances), For many centuries, black cumin oil has been very popular with women as an effective cosmetic.
When used externally, black cumin oil has the following cosmetic effects:
- Softens, refreshes and tones the skin, improves its structure and relief, protects the skin from drying out and peeling (the unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins E and B3, which are part of the black cumin oil, support the optimal water-lipid balance of the skin)
- Helps smooth wrinkles, improves skin firmness and elasticity, and also helps to eliminate skin stretch marks, often formed in women after childbirth (vitamins A, C, zinc and copper contained in black cumin oil stimulate the natural production of collagen fibrillar protein, giving the skin elasticity and firmness)
- Prevents premature aging of the skin due to excessive exposure of the skin to sunlight or hormonal imbalance characteristic of menopause (Vitamin E, which is a component of black cumin oil, neutralizes the negative effect on the skin of ultraviolet radiation, while phytosterols compensate for the estrogen deficiency in a woman’s body)
- Effectively cleanses the skin from impurities, normalizes the secretion of the sebaceous glands of the skin, prevents skin inflammation and the appearance of acne. (Phytosterols present in black cumin oil, omega-6 and omega-9 acids, tannins, zinc and manganese have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect on the skin, zinc contributes to the narrowing of the skin pores and reduces the production of sebaceous glands)
- Eliminates swelling of the skin, prevents the appearance of cellulite, normalizing blood and lymph circulation in the subcutaneous fat layer
- Improves hair and scalp condition (Black Cumin oil, rich in B vitamins, macro- and microelements necessary for healthy hair, prevents the development of seborrhea and dandruff associated with this disease, prevents hair loss, brittleness and gray hair)
In connection with the above properties, black cumin oil is especially often used:
- in the composition of various masks and creams for the care of problematic and oily skin
- as part of hair care masks
- as an integral component of skin cleansers
- as an ingredient in cosmetics designed to care for the delicate skin of the bust and décolleté
- as part of anti-cellulite wraps and massage oils for anti-cellulite massage
- for vitamin enrichment of cosmetics for skin and hair care (creams, shampoos, balms, etc.)
It should be noted that due to the very intense effect on the skin, black cumin oil is not recommended for cosmetic use in a clean, undiluted form (The only exception is the use of black cumin oil in small areas of the face and body – in the areas of localization of age and mimic wrinkles, in the areas of nasolabial folds, in small areas of inflamed, coarse or flaky skin and
Black cumin oil is also widely used in aromatherapy (as a base (transport) oil).
In the section “Recipes for the cosmetic use of black cumin oil” you will learn in detail about the various ways to use black cumin oil in home cosmetology.