Perm hair is an ideal way to radically change the appearance and give your hair an incredible amount.
Preparation for the procedure
To curl the hair was safe, prepare your strands for the upcoming procedure. Preparation consists of six important steps.
Stage 1. Evaluation of the hair structure (elasticity, strength, type, density). It is carried out in order to choose the type of curling.
- For thick hair, you will need the means of the strongest fixation, since it is very difficult to curl them;
- Rare thin strands curl easily – they need to pick up a weaker drug;
- Hair with low elasticity can greatly stretch and will not be able to return to its original appearance. Chemistry is contraindicated for them;
- Too dry hair also should not be twisted – it will tear and break.
Stage 2. Analysis of the scalp. For wounds, injuries and diseases associated with the scalp, it is better to forget about the perm.
Stage 3. Sensitivity test. To hold it, soak the cotton sponge with the curling composition of the strands and lubricate the area behind the ear. Wait 10 minutes. If there is no redness, rash, irritation, go to the curl. If you have problems, quickly wipe your skin with hydrogen peroxide. Chemistry is contraindicated for you.
Stage 4. Checking the hair on the lock. This is necessary in order to determine the dose and concentration of the funds. Take a small lock, moisten it with a preparation and leave for 5 minutes. Check the hair for tearing. If it remains strong, strands can curl. If it looks like tow and breaks easily, make the solution weaker.
Stage 5. Shampooing. Shampoo will loosen scales and improve the result.
Stage 6. Haircut. It can be carried out before curling or after, to refresh the ends and shape the hair.
Important! Before the procedure, do not forget to remove the gold jewelry and glasses, as well as to protect the skin from ingress of chemicals.
Types of “chemistry” of hair
Modern perm can be divided into types of chemical means applied to the strands.
This gentle curling is considered universal, as it is suitable for all. The curl is strong and resilient, the result lasts from 3 to 6 months and directly depends on the structure of the hair.
A special fixative based on thioglycolic acid penetrates the hair, but does not damage its structure, as it is considered gentle. As a result, we get a tough curl – it lasts one month. For thin and soft strands, this method is not suitable – they will lose shape and stretch at the roots. The same applies to girls with sensitive skin type and dry hair.
With an alkaline type of curling, the retainer penetrates inside and opens the scales. The result is more resistant – it will last on the hair for about 90 days. Gives elastic curls, looks naturally, acts much softer than the previous version. But on heavy hard strands, the result will not be stable – after about a month the curl will lose its shape. At cost cheaper than acid perm.
The composition of the fixing agent includes amino acids and proteins that treat and nourish the hair. Amino acid “chemistry” does not harm the health of the strands. Curls look natural, but, alas, short-lived. This “chemistry” is not suitable for hard and long strands – under such a heavy weight curls will quickly develop.
In the composition you will not find aggressive components. They are replaced by another means similar to the hair molecule. Biowave gives a beautiful natural shine and a very durable result.
This is an ideal way to give a fluffy head of hair by fixing the volume for several weeks or even months at once (it all depends on the retainer). Also basal chemistry is suitable for those whose hair had previously been curled, but had time to grow.
The composition of this drug included silk proteins. They care for the hair and improve their structure. Even damaged hair becomes healthier. The curl comes out very soft and lasts up to six months. The price is much more expensive than other options.
Enjoys great demand among modern fashionistas. Allows you to get elastic and large curl. With this type of waving curlers are needed especially large sizes – this is Olivia Garden. They are attached to each other with sharp teeth. Hair curlers of this type leave no wrinkles and give curly curls.
Small or African
Recommended for women with fine and rare hair. It is often performed on medium length hair. But we advise especially courageous ladies to take a risk – African chemistry for short hair will definitely help you with this. The silhouette will be spherical, and the volume – incredible! The only drawback is that it will be very difficult to care for your hair, and it is almost impossible to make a new styling. For “chemistry” in the afro-style, either papillots or small spirals are needed. This process will take about 5 hours, you can only do it in the cabin.
It is also called lipid-protein (LC2). If you compare with the previous one, the Japanese lasts longer and gives great benefits. It is completely safe due to the neutral ph and normalizes humidity of too dry hair. With this waving, you can get elastic and bulky curls that will last from 2 to 6 months.
Perm for medium, short (no more than 20 cm) and rare strands. Makes hair more luxurious, curl – soft and natural. Visually raises the hair at the roots, and also refreshes the image. Carving works only with the surface of a hair, without harming it, as with the classical type. If the hair is thick, take large bobbins – large curls will help create a magnificent image.
Read more about hair carving in this article.
Spiral or vertical “chemistry” is the best option for a long and thick braid that cannot be wound horizontally. In this case, the bobbins are placed vertically (from the root to the ends), and the strand is twisted in a spiral. A few words about curlers! For the procedure you need long cone-shaped bobbins with holes through which the strands are drawn. Ideally, they should be made of plastic or wood. This form allows you to curl evenly curl.
The effect of wet hair looks great on a vertical curl. It is also convenient in that the growing roots can be easily twisted. The composition can be any – it depends on how long you want to go with your new hairstyle. In addition, the health of the strands depends on the drug. After the procedure, they will be either weak and dull, or shiny and alive.
It can only be used on healthy hair and only in proven salons. First, the strands are moistened, then twisted on bobbins and connected to the apparatus (exposure time and temperature are regulated). The result of the procedure will be beautiful light curls.
Who should not do “chemistry”?
Perm is prohibited in the following cases:
- Very dry, thin and damaged hair;
- The tendency to allergies (for the beginning you need to make an allergic test);
- Pre-staining with basma or henna;
- Acute illness;
Care for hair after “chemistry”
After perming hair needs care. To do this, follow a few simple rules.
- Rule 1. To wash the head, you need a special shampoo for curled hair.
- Rule 2. Moisturize hair with special masks. They should contain panthenol, collagen, silk proteins or keratins.
- Rule 3. As a home remedy, you can safely use an infusion of rye bread crusts (pour 300 grams of bread with 1 liter of boiling water and leave in a thermos for 5 hours), nettle, or hops. A variety of oils (almond, peach, burdock) can also be useful. They need to be slightly heated.
- Rule 4. Take fish oil.
- Rule 5. Cut the tips regularly and lubricate them with a special cream.
- Rule 6. Comb your comb with wide teeth – it does not hurt the strands.
- Rule 7. A few days after curling, do not wash your hair and subject the strands to heat treatment.
- Rule 8. Protect the hair from the hot sunshine.
- Rule 9. Do not unscrew the washed hair, but gently blot.
- Rule 10. Do not sleep with a wet head.