This presentation was shown at an open lesson of a regional training seminar. "Employment and demand on the labor market" for students of the eighth grade of correctional schools of the region.
Captions for slides:
The art of folding napkins SBO teacher Travinsky SKSHI Kozlova Nadezhda Nikolaevna
Objectives of the class Acquaint with the history of the appearance of napkins Learn the techniques of folding napkins
The explanatory dictionary of the Russian language explains that this is the name for a tissue for wiping lips or a small tablecloth. Napkins have a solid age. The ancient Romans ate with their hands, and the role of napkins was played by special slaves: they wiped dirty hands on their hair.
A little later, the ancient Egyptians used fig tree leaves as napkins. In Greece, napkins were made of alabaster, in order to clean them, they were not washed, thrown into the fire.
Tablecloths and napkins, as integral parts of the cultural feast, penetrate into Europe from Italy. Table cloth napkins appeared more than three hundred years ago in Italy and played a decorative role, they were decorated with sophisticated magnificent ornament.
Napkins came to Russia at the time of Peter the Great, before that they wiped their hands on the edge of the tablecloth. In Russian villages, the art of decorating and embroidery linen napkins was passed down from generation to generation.
The book on etiquette, published in 1729, describes the purpose of napkins: “To wipe lips, mouth and fingers, if they are greasy, to wipe a knife before cutting bread, to clean a spoon and fork after use. If the fingers are too dirty, first wipe them on the bread, so as not to use a lot of napkins. ”
In the east, the role of napkins served thin pita. In Japan and China – rice paper leaves. They kneaded it, used it and threw it away.
Without a napkin, it is impossible to keep the table tidy. She doesn’t just decorate the feast, she creates mood, purity and even creates a sensation. Catherine the Great skillfully manipulated alabaster tablecloths and napkins. During the palace magnificent dinners she in a fit of anger tore up such a tablecloth or napkin from the table and. threw into the fire fireplace. The servants then took out an absolutely snow-white tablecloth untouched by fire, and the guests came to indescribable delight, and quickly spread word of the world about the possibilities of the Russian empress.
Two types of napkins are used – linen and paper. Linen napkins, as a rule, come complete with a tablecloth, in harmony with it in color, pattern and texture. Napkins can be the same color as the tablecloth or a contrast.
Tablecloths and napkins should be combined with dishes, interior. This is especially true for bright colors.
The date of the appearance of paper napkins history preserved for us exactly – July 9, 1887. Manufacturer John Dickenson, at a gala dinner at the annual meeting of paper makers, suggested using paper napkins for the first time.
Napkins in glasses: “Candle”
A spear with a cuff (French napkin, hat, bag). Napkin folded open sides to the bottom (1). Mark the middle and turn the left half to the middle (1). Corner "a" lay on the corner "b" and all 4 tips of the napkin are folded up (3). Angle "c" placed freely, slightly unfolding (4). The napkin is given a steady shape, slightly rounding and setting while standing.
By topic: methodical developments, presentations and notes
This master class was held at the regional training seminar. " Employment and demand on the labor market" for students of 8 classes of correctional schools of the VIII type.
Lesson 5 class at the rate of visual geometry.
At the lesson, students learn about the history of napkins, tablecloths in Russia. Learn to fold wipes nicely using new folding techniques.
On the basis of the basic form “Triangle” to teach children to fold the bee figure and give an idea about the life and benefits of bees.
Objective: 1. To teach children to fold the classic kusudamu using schemes in the technique of origami.
iris folding, translated from English, is the folding of the iris, the iridescent folding.
The history of napkins. Ways of folding napkins.